Reverse Dictionary: ADOR – AE


ADORABLE – ADJECTIVES
– adorable, charming CUTE AS A BUTTON 1913
– adorable due to some quality of shy innocence or vulnerability FUZZY Bk1970 US students’ sl.


ADORATION, ADORE, ADORED, ADORER, ADORING – ADJECTIVES
adoring ADORANT a1821 poetic usage
ecstatically adoring; ardent, zealous; burning or inflamed with love or zeal SERAPHIC 1659
pert. to adoration ADORATIVE 1637 obs.
pert. to adoration or idolatry IDOLATROUS 1637 obs.

ADORATION etc. – NOUNS
admiration savouring of adoration; immoderate attachment to or veneration for any person or thing IDOLATRY c1386
adoration ADOREMENT 1646 obs. rare

ADORATION etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
an adored, admirable, or supremely powerful person GOD a1200
an adorer, idolizer or devoted admirer of some person or thing IDOLATER c1566
an adored person; a person loved or respected to adoration IDOL 1591
a female idolater IDOLATRESS 1613

ADORATION etc. – VERBS
to adore; to admire excessively; to idolize IDOLATRIZE 1615
to show adoration or affection with the eyes MAKE CALF-EYES 1949 Amer. dial.


ADORN, ADORNED, ADORNING, ADORNMENT – ADJECTIVES
adorned, decorated; ornate DECORATE 1460 obs. or arch.
adorned, flowery, bespangled GAMFERT 1825 Sc.
adorned, made beautiful FAIRED 1874 obs.
adorned, ornate ADORN 1667 obs. rare
adorned, tricked out TIFFED 1303 obs.
tending or serving to adorn, decorative, ornamental ORNATIVE 1660 obs. rare

ADORN etc. – NOUNS
adornment ADORN 1592 obs.
adornment, a dressing up TIFFURE 1303 obs. rare
adornment, decoration ADUBMENT c1325 obs.
adornment, decoration GARNISHRY 1835 nonce word
adornment, decoration QUAINTISING c1430 obs.
adornment, decoration; ornament; the act of adorning ADORNATION 1597 obs.
adornment, embellishment DECKAGE 1642 obs. rare
adornment, embellishment, ornament DECKING 1531 obs.
adornment, grace, honour, glory, beauty DECORE1513 obs.
adornment, smartening, bedeckment TIDDIVATION 1847 Eng. dial.
a means of adornment or embellishment; a beautifying or improving quality or feature VARNISH 1591
an adorning; decoration, ornament DECORAMENT 1727 rare
– an adorning or beautifying oneself SPRUNKING a1685 rare
a personal adornment, a contrivance FANGLEMENT c1861 Eng. dial.
a showy adornment in dress; a piece of finery or frippery; usually plural usage FALLAL a1706
– fanciful adornments, trinkets FEATHERMENTS Bk1900 Eng. dial.
personal adornments; trinkets, trifles FANDANGS AND FEATHERMENTS Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– superfluous adornments, fanciful attire, finery FEGARIES; FIGARIES 1808 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– superfluous adornments, fanciful attire, finery FIGARIMENTS Bk1900 Eng. dial.
the fanciful adornments in personal attire; trinkets FANDANGS 1876 Eng. dial.
useless adornments, show, FAFF 1880 Eng. dial.

ADORN etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
an adorner or embellisher HIGHTER a1387 obs.
one who adorns or decorates GARNISHER 1518

ADORN etc. – VERBS
to adorn ADORNATE 1577 obs. rare
to adorn BEDUB 1657 obs.
to adorn gaudily; to bedizen with tawdry finery BETAWDER a1689 obs.
to adorn oneself; to dress in one’s best clothes GUSSY UP 20C Amer. sl.
to adorn or dress affectedly or effeminately PANSY UP 1946 sl.
to adorn or embellish; to improve, furbish up VARNISH 1400s
to adorn or furnish with ‘guards’ or facings, generally of lace or embroidery BEGUARD 1605 obs.
to adorn; to arrange the dress; to titivate TUTTLE 1899 Eng. dial.
to adorn; to array; to dress GEAR c1250 obs.
to adorn; to attire, to clothe duly, to dress TIRE c1350 obs.
to adorn; to beautify, to dress finely QUAINTISE 1390 obs.
to adorn, to beautify, to embellish; to grace, to honour DECORATE 1530 obs. or arch.
to adorn, to beautify; to make lustrous, luminous, or bright ILLUSTRATE 1592 obs.
to adorn; to beautify; to make seemly or becoming HANDSOME 1555 obs.
to adorn; to deck BETRAP 1509 obs.
to adorn; to deck ONORN 1432-50 obs.
to adorn, to deck oneself DIGHT 1773 Sc. & Eng. dial.
to adorn; to deck out UMTIFF a1300 obs.
to adorn; to deck; to cover DICK Bk1900 Eng. dial.
to adorn, to deck, to dress out DINK 1808 Sc.
to adorn; to decorate, to embellish DECORE 1490 obs. or arch.
to adorn; to dress fine DILL 1730 Eng. dial.
to adorn, to dress, to clothe, to array DUB a1300 obs.
to adorn; to dress; to clothe, to attire, to deck BEGO a1225 obs.
to adorn; to dress up BAWM 1790 Eng. dial.
to adorn; to dress up TRIG OUT 1822 Amer. dial.
to adorn; to dress up TRIG UP 1868 Amer. dial.
to adorn; to dress up TRIGGER OUT 1953 Amer. dial.
to adorn; to dress up TRIGGER UP 1938 Amer. dial.
to adorn; to dress up, to deck or trick out (in a trifling or time-wasting way) TIFFLE 1388 obs.
to adorn; to garnish SAUCE Bk1904 Eng. dial.
to adorn; to grace, to decorate MENSE 1641 Sc. & Eng. dial.
to adorn; to make an Adonis of; to dress up, to dandify ADONIZE 1611
to adorn; to make attractive, esp. with cheap ornaments and cosmetics TART UP Bk2002 Aust. sl.
to adorn; to make beautiful or attractive; to decorate, to embellish FAIR a1225 obs.
to adorn; to make fine FINIFY 1847 Amer. dial.
to adorn, to make fine or beautiful QUAINT 1483 obs.
to adorn, to ornament ORNIFY 1594 obs.
to adorn, to ornament, to garnish BEDO a1500 obs.
to adorn; to ornament, to make showy GAUD; GAWD 1554 obs.
to adorn; to render beautiful; to beautify, to deck BEAUTY 1398 arch.
to adorn; to ‘titivate’; to smarten up; to ornament, to bedeck; to put the final touches to dress TIDDIVATE 1877 Eng. dial.
to adorn with lace, to trim a garment etc. with braid, etc. PASSMENT 1706 Sc. obs.
to adorn with something; to array RAIL c1350 obs.
to adorn, work, or embroider cloth etc. BEWORK c1000 obs.


ADROIT, ADROITLY – ADJECTIVES
adroit, apt, apropos; smart FEAT 1519 obs. exc. arch. & Eng. dial.
adroit, dexterous, skilful DEXTERICAL 1607 obs.
adroit, skilful, deft, dexterous HABILE 1485
adroit, very good, very clever, adroit MEAN 1910s sl., orig. US

ADROIT etc. – ADVERBS
very smoothly or adroitly SLICK AS A WHISTLE Bk1905 Amer. dial.
very smoothly or adroitly SLICK AS GREASE Bk1905 Amer. dial.


ADULATE, ADULATION – ADJECTIVES
full of adulation; servilely or fulsomely flattering or praising ADULATORIOUS 1664 obs.

ADULATE etc. – NOUNS
popular adulation MARMALADE L19 Aust. sl.

ADULATE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– a person who blatantly seeks adulation GLORY HOG 1960s US sl.
– a person who blatantly seeks adulation GLORY HOUND 1940s US sl.


ADULT, ADULTHOOD – ADJECTIVES
adult UP-GROWN 1895 Eng. dial.
adult UP-WAXEN Bk1905 Eng. dial.
adult; full-grown MAN-BIG Bk1898 Eng. dial.
adult; grown up; mature MANLY 1579 obs.
adult; grown-up, MUCKLE 1882 Sc.
adult; having reached the age of manhood, mature MAN-LENGTH 1896 Sc.
adult; mature, grown-up MAN-GROWN 1883 Sc.

ADULT etc. – NOUNS
adulthood of man; a mature age FATHER-AGE 1596 obs.
adulthood, maturity DOUTH c1275 obs.

ADULT etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– a ‘cool’ adult; a member of the over-30 generation who still relates HOT SPOOK Bk1970 US students’ sl.
adults HARD PEOPLE Bk1869 Eng. dial.
adults; grown-ups, esp. one’s own; hence, also one’s friends’ parents (often spelt, where the pun is
intentional, ‘groanies’) GROWNIES 1970 teenage sl.
an adult GROWN 1923 colloq.
an adult GROWN-UP c1810 colloq.
an adult OLD ONE 1942 Amer. dial.
an adult; a young man when grown up MASTER 1834 Eng. dial.
an adult man, a man in general as opposed to a woman MAN BODY 1825 Sc.


ADULTERATE, ADULTERATED – ADJECTIVES
adulterated, falsified, sham IMPOSTURED 1619 obs.

ADULTERATE etc. – VERBS
to adulterate DASH c1860 brewers’ & publicans’ usage
to adulterate a drink SPIKE 1889 sl., orig. US
to adulterate a drink, alcoholic or otherwise, or food, with a knockout drug SPIKE 1920s sl.
to adulterate drink; to swindle, to cheat FAKE THE DUCK c1830 criminals’ sl.
to adulterate food or drink with a foreign substance other than a drug, e.g. ground glass SPIKE 2000s sl.
to adulterate ‘near-beer’ (brewed during Prohibition) with a mixture of ginger beer and pure alcohol SPIKE 1920s sl.
to adulterate or falsify; to make different in order to deceive; to tamper with DOCTOR a1777
to adulterate or water down wine or spirits LAG 16C sl.
to adulterate, to doctor, as, to ‘deacon’ wine or other liquor DEACON 1889 Amer. sl.


ADULTERER, ADULTERESS, ADULTEROUS, ADULTERY – ADJECTIVES
adulterous BACK-DOOR 1947 US sl.
adulterous, lewd VOUTERISH Bk1905 Eng. dial. obs.
adulterous; given to adultery or whoredom, whorish STUPROUS 1603 obs. rare
born in adultery ADULTEROUS a1593 obs.
born of adultery ADULTERINE 1751
guilty of adultery ADULTERATED 1607 obs.
relating to adultery ADULTERINE 1865

ADULTERER etc. – NOUNS
a clandestine meeting between a married man and a married woman who are not married to each other TRYSTING-OUT 1952 Amer. dial.
– a dishonouring of a husband by adultery with or on the part of his wife CUCKOLDOM 1681 obs.
– a dishonouring of a husband by adultery with or on the part of his wife CUCKOLDRY 1529
adultery BACK-DOOR ACTION 1978 Amer. sl.
adultery BACK-DOORING 1981 Amer. sl.
adultery EAUBRUCHE a1000 obs.
adultery EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES 20C colloq.
adultery SPOUSE-BREACH a1225 obs.
adultery VOUTRY 1382 obs. rare
adultery; fornication; whoredom MECHATION 1656 obs. rare
adultery; illicit sexual activity HANKY-PANKY 1938 Brit. & US sl.
– adultery; promiscuity; prostitution; usually used of women PUTERY c1390 obs.
– adultery; unlawful sexual intercourse with a married person CRIMINAL CONVERSATION 1716
a fine for adultery or fornication, esp. with a bondwoman LAIRWITE c1230 Old Law usage
a scarlet letter “A”, formerly worn by one convicted of adultery SCARLET LETTER 1840 Amer.

ADULTERER etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
a man who consents to the adultery of his wife CABRON Bk1945 US West. sl.
a married woman’s adulterous sexual partner SNEAKY MAN 1982 Bahamas sl.
an adulterer ADULTERADVOUTOUR;  ADVOUTRE;  AVOUTER 1382 obs.
an adulterer ADVOUTRER;  AVOUTERERAVOWTER;  AVOWTRER c1370 obs.
an adulterer BACK MAN 1942 sl., orig. African-American
an adulterer BACK-DOOR HUSBAND 1925 sl., orig. African-American
an adulterer BACK-DOOR MERCHANT 1920s sl., orig. African-American
– an adulterer CREEPER 1911 African-American
an adulterer EAUBREKERE c1175 obs.
an adulterer SCRUMPER 1980s US college sl.
an adulterer SPOUSE-BREACH c1315 obs. rare
an adulterer VOUTER c1386 obs. rare
an adulterer WED-BREAK 1770 obs.
an adulterer; a fornicator, a whoremonger; a debauchee, ribald, scoundrel HOLOUR c1230 obs.
an adulterer; a fornicator, a whoremonger; a paramour HORELING c1200 obs.
an adulterer; a person unfaithful to the marriage bed BED-SWERVER 1611 obs.
an adulterer; a person who defiles by adultery ADULTERATOR 1632 obs.
an adulterer; a whoremonger, a womanizer, a pimp; a lewd man BELSWAGGER 1592 obs.
an adulteress ADVOUTRESSE; ADVOUTRICE;  AVOUTRESSEAVOWTRESSE 1382 obs.
– an adulteress CABRON Bk1970 US sl.
an adulterous male lover BACK-DOOR MAN 1969 Amer. sl.
an adulterous man SHACK MAN; SHACK RAT 1940s US sl.
a woman’s extramarital sexual partner GALLANT 1971 euphemism
a woman’s lover, often adulterous FANCY MAN 1811 sl. derogatory
a woman who has had many brief affairs ONCER 1930s US sl.
the woman with whom a married man is having an affair FANCY GIRL 1812 sl.

ADULTERER etc. – PHRASES
a jocular assertion that oral sex does not rise to the level of adultery or infidelity EATIN’ AIN’T CHEATIN’ 1994 US sl.

ADULTERER etc. – VERBS
to be involved in an adulterous or  flirtatious relationship CARRY ON 1856 UK sl.
to commit adultery ADULTERIZE 1611 arch.
to commit adultery BACK-DOOR 1982 US sl.
to commit adultery CUCKLE 17C Brit. & Amer. dial.
to commit adultery DEFILE THE MARRIAGE-BED; VIOLATE THE MARRIAGE-BED 1712
to commit adultery TAKE A SLICE OFF A CUT CAKE 1960s Aust. sl.
to commit adultery against BYHORE c1440 obs.
to commit adultery or fornication USE WOMEN Bk1905 Eng. dial.
to commit or practice adultery ADULTER;  ADVOUTER;  AVOUTRE c1400 obs.
to commit or practice adultery ADULTERATE 1595 obs.
to engage in an adulterous sexual relationship SCRUMP 1980s US college sl.
to engage in an extramarital romance FOOL AROUND L19 sl.
to have an adulterous affair PLAY IN SOMEONE ELSE’S YARD 1950s African-American sl.
to pursue women, esp. as an adulterer CHASE 1970s US sl.


ADVANCE, ADVANCEMENT, ADVANCING – ADJECTIVES
advancing, progressing; said of things MARCHING 1842
tending to advance or promote ADVANCIVE 1847 rare

ADVANCE etc. – NOUNS
advancement, enlargement, growth, development IMPROVEMENT 1548 obs.
advancement, preferment VANCEMENT 1303 obs.
advancement, the act of furthering; furtherance ADVANCE 1528-1696 obs.
advance, progress VAIL a1847 Eng. dial.
advance; the act of going on, movement, progress ONGO 1835 Sc.
an advance, increase, rise RAISEMENT Bk1905 Eng. dial.
the advancement of a scheme or interest FARTHERANCE 1785 obs. rare

ADVANCE etc. – VERBS
to advance ADVANT 1605 obs.
to advance FALL UP 1777 Eng. dial.
to advance VANCE;  VAUNCE 1303 obs.
to advance hastily and noisily BRACELBRACHLE Bk1911 Sc.
to advance rapidly or ‘swimmingly’ GO WITH A BUZZ 1899
to advance, to go on; to carry through THROUGH 1775 Sc.
to advance, to go, to move onward WADE a1000 obs.
to advance, to go, to proceed TIGHT c1205 obs.
to advance, to make head HEAD IT 1684 obs.
to advance, to make progress GAIN ONE’S WAY 1768 obs.
to advance, to proceed VADE a1660 obs.
to advance, to promote ADMOVE 1839 obs.
to advance with caution; to craw forward SNURGLE 1983 UK sl.
to advance with difficulty and obstruction HAGGLE 1583


ADVANTAGE, ADVANTAGEOUS, ADVANTAGEOUSLY, ADVANTAGEOUSNESS – ADJECTIVES
advantageous BENEFICENT 1677
advantageous, affording convenience, satisfactory EASY c1485 obs.
advantageous, conferring a benefit; beneficial BENEFACTORY 1744
advantageous, fortunate, favourable BOON a1513 obs.
advantageous, helpful; adapted to help forward FURTHEROUS 1597
advantageous, helpful; adapted to help forward FURTHERSOME 1627
advantageous, of avail, or benefit; beneficial, profitable; effectual, efficacious VAILABLE 1390 obs.
advantageous, of avail, or value; valid VAILANT a1325 obs.
advantageous, lucky COCUM;  COKUM; KOCUM;  KOKUM 1839 sl. rare
advantageous, productive of gain or profit; profitable GAINFUL 1555 rare
advantageous, profitable ADVANTAGEABLE 1548 obs.
advantageous, profitable BEGETEL c1250 obs.
advantageous, profitable VANTAGEABLE 1570 obs. rare
advantageous, profitable, beneficial, useful PROFICUOUS 1622 obs.
advantageous, profitable, lucrative GAINSOME 1569 obs. rare
advantageous, profitable; of beneficial efficiency AVAILANT 1424 obs.
advantageous, profitable; of the nature of gain GAINY 1576 obs. rare
advantageous, serviceable, useful OPPORTUNE 1432-50 obs.
advantageous, useful, helpful NUT c1250 obs.
advantageous, useful, of use; expedient; needful, necessary BEHOOVEFULBEHOVEFUL 1382 arch.
advantageous, useful, profitable BEHOVABLE c1460 obs.
at an advantage; prospering QUIDS IN 1919 UK sl.
bringing advantage or gain VANTAGEOUS c1566 obs.
in an advantageous or profitable position AHEAD OF THE GAME 1850
in an advantageous or superior position; feeling important IN THE CATBIRD SEAT 1945 Amer. dial.
most advantageous HEADEST 1944 Amer. dial.
not having any advantage or superiority VANTAGELESS 1810
sufficiently advantageous, the opposite of gratuitous, paying ONEROUS 1787 Sc. obs.
that has been taken advantage of; imposed upon PUT-UPON 1866

ADVANTAGE etc. – ADVERBS
advantageously, usefully, profitably, advisably BEHOVABLY 1512 obs.
in an advantageous or prosperous condition ON VELVET 1769

ADVANTAGE etc. – NOUNS
advantage EXWANTIDGE 1922 Amer. dial.
advantage, benefit, profit VAIL c1430 obs.
advantage, benefit, profit, gain VANTAGE a1300 arch.
advantage, convenience, comfort, consolation, relief; furtherance, assistance; formerly also, gratification, enjoyment EASEMENT c1400 obs.
advantage, grace given in any game TICE Bk1905 Eng. dial.
advantage; favourable influence or operation; favour, protection, benefit BENEFICE 1424 obs.
advantage; gain, profit BEGET c1175 obs.
advantage; help; compensation  BOTE Bk1911 Sc.
advantage; profit BEWAYNE c1375 obs. rare
advantage; profit WAIN c1315 obs.
advantage spot for observation COIGN OF VANTAGE a1616
advantage, use, avail, benefit; remedy, help c1200 obs.
advantage; use, profit NAIT a1300 Sc. & N. Eng. dial. obs. rare
advantageousness of site or position OPPORTUNITY 1555 obs.
advantageous or favourable circumstances; luck COCUM;  COKUM;  KOCUM;  KOKUM 1851 sl. obs.
a hidden advantage, not to be revealed until a suitable moment ACE UP ONE’S SLEEVE 1910s sl., orig. US
a hidden advantage or reserve; something held privately in reserve until needed, esp. for a winning stroke ACE IN THE HOLE 1908 sl.
– an advantage COMEUPPANCE 1941 Amer. dial.
– an advantage COMMODITY 1630 US
– an advantage WEATHER GAGE 1776 US
an advantage; an ultimate gain FARTHER-FETCH Bk1900 Eng. dial.
an advantage; a profit PERCENTAGE 1948 UK sl., orig. military usage
an advantage gained at the beginning of something; a head start; generally, a good beginning RUNNING START 1842
an advantage or control over someone, the thing a member of the underworld fears most, usually arrest or being caught in the act DEADWOOD L19 US criminals’ sl.
an advantage over another PULL 20C colloq.
an advantage taken behindhand BACKSPANG 1824 Sc.
an advantage, the upper hand UNDERHOLD 1874 Amer. dial.
an unexpected advantage  BIT OF FAT M19 sl.
an unfair advantage itself GROUTER c1918 Aust.
any circumstance that criminals can turn to profitable advantage EARNER 1977 UK sl.
a point of advantage or superiority BULL-POINT 1900 colloq.
something that gives one person or group the advantage over another TRUMP CARD 1815 colloq.
the advantage BEATIN’S 1896 Amer. dial.
the advantage THE BET c1340
the advantage or upper hand, the superior position THE BULGE 1860 sl., orig. US
the advantage, the upper hand BETTERMOST Bk1898 Eng. dial.

ADVANTAGE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– a man who takes advantage of a girl AMOS ‘N ANDY Bk1970 US sl.
a person who has some special advantage, as in a business enterprise INSIDER 19C thieves’ sl.
– a person who is easily taken advantage of GUPPY Bk1971 US students’ sl.
a person who is taking advantage of by another STOOGE 20C sl.
a person who lurks around waiting for an advantage to present itself LURCHER 20C Ulster sl.
a person who takes an unfair advantage GROUTER c1918 Aust.

ADVANTAGE etc. – PHRASES
he lets go the advantage he has gained THE FAT FLITS FROM A MAN’S BEARD 1562 obs.
out for oneself, for one’s own advantage or profit IN FOR ONE’S CHOP 1920s Aust. & NZ sl.
the advantage is the other way round; the position is reversed THE BOOT IS ON THE OTHER FOOT 20C
the advantage is the other way round; the position is reversed THE BOOT IS ON THE OTHER LEG 20C
the first person etc. to do or take advantage of something FIRST CAB OFF THE RANK 20C Aust. colloq.

ADVANTAGE etc. – VERBS
to advantage, to benefit, to profit anyone ADVANCE c1386 obs.
to advantage, to benefit; to be to one’s gain THOLE 1898 Sc.
to be advantageous or beneficial BETTER 1592 obs. rare
to be advantageous, useful or advantageous; to avail, to help; to serve, to suffice GAIN c1200 obs.
to be in an advantageous or favourable position BE ON A GOOD WICKET 1941
to be in an advantageous position HAVE THE WORLD BY THE TAIL WITH A DOWN-HILL PULL 1878 Amer. dial.
to be in an advantageous position; to be able to stipulate one’s own conditions WRITE ONE’S (OWN) TICKET L19 sl.
to be of advantage, use, or benefit to; to aid, assist, or help VAIL a1300 obs.
to be possessed of (many) advantages HAVE IT GOOD 1946 US sl.
to be unlikely to gain much advantage if one does BE ON A HIDING TO NOTHING 1905
to come to an understanding for mutual advantage FOOL ONE’S ISSUES Bk1896 sl.
to endeavour to turn a thing to one’s own advantage, or to another’s discredit MAKE A HANDLE OF ANYTHING B1900 Sc.
to gain advantage by tricky or deceitful means FEATHER ONE’S OWN END 1968 Amer. dial.
to gain an advantage over; to outwit ACE (OUT) 1960 Amer. sl.
to get a decided advantage over GET A GOOD HAND AGAINST 1600 obs.
to get an advantage over somebody by tricky means SKIN 1970 Amer. dial.
to get an advantage over somebody by tricky means; to cheat or deceive BUG 1843 Amer. dial.
to get the advantage of someone GET THE BULGE ON SOMEONE 1841 Amer. dial.
to get the advantage or upper hand GET THE VANGER HAND 1929 Sc.
to give one an advantage GIVE ONE CARDS 1888 Amer. sl.
to have a decided advantage over HAVE A GOOD HAND AGAINST 1652-62 obs.
to have advantage or better fortune in HAVE THE FAIRER OF c1400 obs.
to have advantage or control, esp. incriminating evidence HAVE THE DEADWOOD ON ONE 1851 Amer. dial.
to have an advantage BE UPON THEIR JACKS Bk1896 sl.
to have an advantage BE UPON VELVET 1785
to have an advantage HAVE A PULL OVER (ONE) 1889 US sl.
to have an advantage over one HAVE A HANK OVER ONE 1824 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– to have an advantage over one HAVE THE COTTONWOOD ON ONE 1888 Amer. dial.
to have an advantage over someone HAVE THE WOOD ON SOMEONE 1949 Aust. sl.
to have the advantage, carry the day CARRY IT AWAY 1598 obs.
to have the advantage of both alternatives EAT ONE’S CAKE AND HAVE IT 1709
to have the advantage or upper hand HAVE SOMEONE BY THE GOOLIES 1980s sl.
to let oneself be taken advantage of; to submit willingly to another’s domination CHILL 20C Amer. sl.
to reap an advantage, profit, or reward of any kind CASH IN 1928 US sl.
to ridicule and take advantage of GIVE SOMEONE THE HA-HA L19 US sl.
to take advantage of APPLESAUCE 1968 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of FADE 1991 Amer. students’ sl.
to take advantage of MOMMICK 1918 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of STICK THE LICK INTO 1846 US sl.
to take advantage of TAKE ODDS OF 1596 obs.
to take advantage of an opportunity, etc. NICK 1634 obs.
to take advantage of someone GET ON ONE’S BLIND SIDE 1903 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of someone WALK OVER 20C colloq.
– to take advantage of someone by trickery; to deceive PULL A SWIFTIE 1962 Aust. sl.
to take advantage of someone; to bully or tease BIG-BOY 1967 Amer. dial.
– to take advantage of someone; to impose or sponge on; to shirk, to do less than one’s share POLE 1906 Aust. & NZ sl., rare
to take advantage of, to act in a bold, aggressive way; to tease or bully BOGART 1970 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of; to cajole; to get the better of CAST SALT ON ANYONE’S TAIL 1721 Sc.
to take advantage of; to cajole; to get the better of LAY SALT ON ONE’S TAIL 1836 Sc.
to take advantage of; to cheat ARKANSAW 1953 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of; to cheat HAND SOMEONE A LEMON 1860s Amer. sl.
to take advantage of, to cheat SCROUGE 1884 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of; to cheat; to swindle TAKE DOWN 20C sl.
to take advantage of, to deceive or tease someone JACK OFF 1960s US sl.
to take advantage of, to impose on DEADBEAT 1881 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of, to overreach, to cheat BEST 1881 Eng. dial.
to take advantage of; to impose on; to bully PECK ON 1899 Amer. dial.
to take advantage of; to overcome easily PLAY HORSE WITH 1900 US sl.
to take advantage of; to surpass LALLIGAG;  LALLYGAGLOLLIGAG;  LOLLYGAG L19 US college sl.
– to take advantage of; to trick WHIP GAME Bk1970 US students’ sl.
to take advantage, to trick, to deceive DEAL ON 1970s African-American sl.
to take a mean or underhand advantage of UNDERCREEP 1592 obs.
to take an unfair advantage of SAW SOMETHING OFF ON Bk1942 Amer. sl.
to take or attempt to take advantage of one’s position by demanding or accepting favours or bribes HAVE ONE’S HAND IN THE COOKIE JAR 1940 colloq.
to take unfair advantage FETCH A SHINGLE OFF THE HOUSE 1953 Amer. dial.
to take unfair advantage FIGHT AT THE LEG 1785


ADVENTURE, ADVENTURER, ADVENTUROUS, ADVENTUROUSLY – ADJECTIVES
adventurable; attemptable; venturous, hazardous VENTURABLE 1576 obs. rare
adventurous, bold, daring AUNTERSOME Bk1898 Eng. dial.
adventurous, characterized by venturesomeness; bold, daring VENTORIOUS 1640 obs.
adventurous, full of daring or defiance DAREFUL 1605 obs. rare
adventurous, soaring; said of ambitious or presumptuous acts which end in failure or ruin ICARIAN 1595
ready for adventure, enterprising ADVENTUREFUL a1832
unreasonably adventurous; reckless, heedless, careless, rash, bold, headstrong TEMERARIOUS 1532 literary usage

ADVENTURE etc. – ADVERBS
adventurously, daringly ADVENTURELY c1435 obs. rare

ADVENTURE etc. – NOUNS
a bad adventure BADVENTURE Bk1942 Amer. sl.
a daring or bold adventurer HIGH-FLYER c1698 sl.
an adventure, a misadventure; a story of adventure, an unlikely story ANTER;  AUNTER 1881 Eng. dial.
an adventure; an enterprise or undertaking ADVENTRY a1616 obs. rare
an adventure; an idle tale SANTER 1865 Eng. dial.
an adventure, a time, a spree ONE 1990s sl.
an adventure or remarkable feat, incident, etc. VENTURE 1810 rare
an exciting or terrifying adventure story or film HAIR-RAISER 20C sl.
a state or country seen as a setting for romantic adventure and intrigue RURITANIA 1894
a travelling title adopted by adventurers who have no other good enough CAPTAIN Bk1890 sl.

ADVENTURE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
a female adventurer PICARA ?17C
a female adventurer; a woman on the lookout for a position ADVENTURESS 1754
a handsome or dashing adventurer; a fine soldier BEAU SABREUR 1834
an adventurer, a land-loper LAND-LEAPER 1377 obs.
an adventurer; a pirate GENTLEMAN OF FORTUNE 1883
an adventurer; a renegade; one who runs up and down the land LAND-LOPER; LAND-LOUPER a1500, now chiefly Sc.
an adventurer, one who ventures VENTURER 1530
an adventurer or rogue PICAROON;  PICKAROON 17C arch.
an adventurer or rogue; a scoundrel PICARO 1622
an adventurer who went to California in 1849; a forty-niner ARGONAUT 1881 Eng. dial.
an adventurous, daredevil person JACK IN THE BEAN STACK 1950s African-American sl.
– an inventor of extravagantly untruthful pseudo-autobiographical stories of amazing adventure and prowess MUNCHAUSEN 1834
a person associated with romantic adventure and intrigue RURITANIAN 1935
a woman who travels in search of adventure LADY ERRANT 1615 humorous usage
a young or petty adventurer VENTURELING 1562 obs.

ADVENTURE etc. – PHRASES
said by one engaging in an adventure of which the issue will be either highly profitable or ruinous I WILL EITHER WIN THE SADDLE OR LOSE THE HORSE 1579


ADVERSARY – NOUNS, PERSON
an adversary ADVERSE 1850 rare
– an adversary; an enemy SOUR GRAPE 1939 Amer. dial.
an adversary; one who speaks against or opposes; an opponent GAINSAYER 1435


ADVERSE, ADVERSELY, ADVERSITY – ADJECTIVES
adverse, antagonistic, contrary, opposed OPPONENT 1647
adverse: antagonistic, repugnant; said of things OPPOSITE 1595 obs.
adverse, hostile to; opposing oneself, opposing ADVERSANT a1420 obs.
adverse, hostile, unfriendly, inimical INIMICITIOUS 1641 obs.
adverse, opposed, hostile ADVERSARIOUS 1826 rare
adverse, opposed in will or action, hostile, antagonistic OPPOSITE 1577 obs.
adverse, prejudicial, adverse, unfavourable, darkly suspicious; said of opinions, etc. SINISTER 1432 obs.
adverse; said of fortune THRAW 1768 Sc. obs.
adverse to prosperity, unfavourable; said of fortune, etc. IMPROSPEROUS 1598 obs.
adverse, unfavourable; said of fate, etc. THRAWART 1773 Sc.
adverse; unlucky SINISTRAL c1475 obs. rare
of adverse or opposing tendency ADVERSATIVE 1601 obs.
that is adverse or contrary to ADVERSABLE 1731 obs.

ADVERSE etc. – ADVERBS
adversely, hostilely ADVERSARILY 1475 obs. rare
adversely, unfavourably SINISTERLY a1600 obs.

ADVERSE etc. – NOUNS
– adverse fortune or occurrence CROSS-HAP 1881
adverse reaction, negative feedback; resistance, disagreement PUSH-BACK 1984 orig. & chiefly US
adversity, bad fortune, ill success; want of, or the opposite of prosperity IMPROSPERITY 1528 obs.
adversity, ill-success; poverty WANSPEED c893
– adversity; loss, damage SMARTS 1552 obs.
adversity, misery, distress, hardship; poverty WANDRETH c1175 obs.
adversity, misfortune HARD HAP 1874 Eng. dial.
– adversity, misfortune; a trouble, vexation, annoyance; anything that thwarts or crosses CROSS 1573
adversity, trouble, tribulation, hurt, suffering DERF c1205 obs.

ADVERSE etc. – PHRASES
catch-phrase to cover any adverse situation THINGS ARE CROOK AT TALLAROOK Bk1999 Aust. sl.

ADVERSE etc. – VERBS
to be adverse or opposed to; to oppose ADVERSE 1393 obs. rare
to cope with and survive adversity ROLL WITH THE PUNCHES 20C colloq.
to experience adverse fortune; to encounter difficulties COME THROUGH THE HARD 1795 Sc.
to suffer adversity and hardship without complaint TAKE IT ON THE CHIN 1920s, orig. US
to suffer adversity and unhappiness without complaint TAKE IT 20C sl.
to work in adverse circumstances or in the face of opposition; to undertake a difficult or arduous task ROW AGAINST WIND AND TIDE 1867


ADVERTISE, ADVERTISEMENT, ADVERTISING – ADJECTIVES
pert. to advertising AD 20C sl.

ADVERTISE etc. – NOUNS
ads for bras and other female undergarments BOOBADS 20C
advertising or promotion that is sensational; noisy fuss BALLYHOO 1901
an advertisement AD M19 sl.
an advertisement that sells an editorial point of view as opposed to a product or service ADVERTORIAL 20C
an advertising agency FLACKERY Bk2006 US sl.
an advertising video ADVID 20C
a newspaper advertisement listing shows in alphabetical order ABC AD 1973 US sl.
a two-page ad DOUBLE TRUCK 20C
exaggerated advertising or display; boastful talk BARNUMISM 1862
personal advertisements in a newspaper AGONY-COLUMN B1870
the collective name for the many advertising spots on television CLUTTER 20C

ADVERTISE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
a fake advertising solicitor ADMAN Bk1914 criminals’ sl.
a potential advertiser, sponsor, or financial backer, esp. in show business FAIRY GODFATHER 1930s Amer. sl.
those involved in the organization and practice of advertising HIDDEN PERSUADERS 1957

ADVERTISE etc. – VERBS
to advertise VERTIES Bk1905 Sc.
– to advertise, to brag, to seek attention or appreciation BEAT THE DRUM Bk1975 US sl.
to advertise, to put into print SPELL M19 sl.
to advertise; to rumour, to report; to spread by word of mouth NORATE 1851 Amer. dial.
to exhibit with a lavish display of puffing advertisements BARNUMIZE 1851


ADVICE – NOUNS
advice AGVICE 1927 Amer. dial. 
advice DEVICE 1854 Eng. dial. 
advice EXWICE 1922 Amer. dial. 
advice INFO c1925 UK criminals’ sl. 
advice VICE;  VIZE Bk1905 Eng. dial. 
advice, advising, counsel​ ADVISAL 1850 rare 
advice, counsel ADVISEMENT c1440 arch. 
advice, counsel RAAD;  RAD 1822 Sc. 
advice, counsel, warning READ 1814 Sc. & Eng. dial. 
advice, counsel; help RATHE c1200 obs. 
advice, counsel; opinion AVISE 1790 Sc. & Eng. dial. 
advice, exhortation, counsel; a hortatory composition PARAENESIS;  PARENESIS 1604  
advice, warning, advice TELLING 1867 Sc. & Eng. dial. 
an advice, counsel, suggestion ADVISO 1591 obs.
an item of advice or instruction POINTER 1883 Amer. sl. 
bad advice BUM STEER 1924 sl. 
bad advice THE BAD REIN 1980s Aust. sl. 
good advice THE TIGHT REIN 1980s Aust. sl. 

ADVICE – NOUNS, PERSON
a person who gives advice in a pompous or insistent way, esp. when not qualified to do so BARRACK-ROOM LAWYER Bk1999 
a person who gives good advice, a counseller WISE-REDDE 1879 Sc.
a person who mainly sits on the sidelines and offers advice BENCH JOCKEY 20C Amer. sl. 

ADVICE – VERBS
to comply with a person’s will, to follow another’s advice or one’s own inclinations or devices SUE 1362 obs. 
to listen to advice or warning; generally used with negative TAKE TELLING 1867 Sc. & Eng. dial. 
said to those who presume to offer advice to others who are more experienced; to instruct an expert TEACH YOUR GRANDMOTHER TO SUCK EGGS 1707 


ADVISE, ADVISED, ADVISEDLY, ADVISER, ADVISING, ADVISORY – ADJECTIVES
advised; warned; aware, certain REDE 1791 Sc. 
advisory, counselling CONSILIATIVE 1656 obs. rare 
advisory, hortatory, counselling PARAENETIC; PARENETIC 1656 
advisory, hortatory; apt to persuade, admonishing PARAENETICAL; PARENETICAL 1598 rare 
badly-advised MISCOUNSELLED 1823 Sc. obs. 
best-advised or most prudent BEST-CONSULTED a1659 obs. 
skilful as an adviser; full of counsel ADVICEFUL 1600 obs. 
supplying advice, advising, counselling ADVISIVE 1648 obs. rare 

ADVISE etc. – ADVERBS
advisedly; of necessity NEEDLINS Bk1905 Eng. dial. 

ADVISE etc. – NOUNS
an advising, advice, counsel ADVISAL 1850 rare 

ADVISE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
advisers, usually secret and unofficial; a private cabinet of counsellors CAMARILLA 1839
a female adviser, guide, or mentor MONITRIX 1611 rare
a female adviser, mentor, or admonisher MONITRESS 1748 rare
an adviser REDESMAN 1841 Ireland obs. 
an unasked adviser; an interferer KABITZER 1910s Amer.
a person who advises another to perform a particular action, an instigator MONITOR 1616 obs. 
a treacherous adviser and friend; an able but unprincipled counsellor ACHITOPHEL  Bk1903

ADVISE etc. – PHRASES
never ceasing to advise, scold, or look after him NEVER OFF A PERSON’S BACK Bk1905 N. Ireland

ADVISE etc. – VERBS
to advise EXWISE 1922 Amer. dial. 
to advise PULL THE REIN 1989 Aust. sl. 
to advise of or make conversant with, esp. recent developments FILL IN 1942 Amer. colloq. 
to advise or apprise CLUE 1950s Amer. sl. 
to advise, to counsel ACCOUNSEL c1420 obs. 
to advise, to counsel RATHE c1200 obs. 
to advise, to counsel; to warn READ 1785 Sc. & Eng. dial. 
to advise, to direct; to check, to control, to command; to pacify, to silence SAY 1746 Eng. dial. 
to advise, to exhort, to counsel PARAENESIZE 1716 obs. rare
to advise, to inform, to counsel; to plan BEREDE a1225 obs. 
to give advice, a suggestion, or the like CHIP IN 1903 Amer. sl. 
to offer advice to an expert TEACH YOUR GRANDMOTHER TO LAP ASHES 1895 Eng. dial. 


ADVOCATE – ADJECTIVES
pert. to the advocate ADVOCATORY 1864

ADVOCATE – NOUNS, PERSON
a female advocate ADVOCATRESS 1641 obs. 
a female advocate ADVOCATRICE 1384 obs. 
a female advocate ADVOCATESS 1647 obs. rare 
a female advocate ADVOCATRIX 1631 obs. rare 
a female advocate or intercessor ADVOTRIX 1611 obs. 
an advocate ADVOURER a1686 obs. rare 
an advocate, a spokesman; a person who pleads or argues in favour of a person or cause ORATOR c1374 obs. 
an advocate, or devotee; a person who holds steadfastly to a particular belief, set of ideas, etc. ADHERENT 1658
an advocate, spokesperson, or orator who speaks on behalf of another PARANYMPH 1593 
a person who advocates or supports an opinion or principle; a supporter, adherent, or advocate ABETTOR 1580
a vocal, aggressive advocate SPEAR-CHUCKER 1997 US sl. 

ADVOCATE – VERBS
to advocate ADSWOCATE 1922 Amer. dial. 
to advocate GO IN FOR Bk1905 Amer. dial. 
– to advocate aggressively; to publicize TOUT 1920 US sl.
to practice as an advocate ADVOCACYER 1506 obs. 


AEROPLANE – see AIRCRAFT