Reverse Dictionary: EMP – ENC


EMPEROR – adjectives
– IMPERATORIAL pert. to or befitting an emperor or commander; imperial …1660
– IMPERATORIAN † pert. to or befitting an emperor or commander; imperial …1640
– IMPERATORIOUS † pert. to or befitting an emperor or commander; imperial …1625
– IMPERATORY † pert. to or befitting an emperor or commander; imperial …1616
– IMPERIOUS † having the rank of or befitting an emperor or supreme ruler …c1586
emperor – nouns 
– IMPERIALITY a humorous title for an emperor or imperial personage …1870
emperor – person 
– IMPERATOR absolute ruler, emperor; commander, ruler …1588
– KAISER an emperor …a1225
– KAISERLING a minor emperor …1852
– KASER † an emperor …c888
emperor – verbs 
– IMPERIALIZE † to act imperially, to act the part of an emperor or absolute ruler …1634
 
EMPHASIS – interjections
– GRANNY! an exclamation of surprise, emphasis, annoyance, etc. …1908 Amer. dial.
 
EMPHASIZE – verbs
– SPEAK IN CAPITALS to speak with emphasis …1871
 
EMPHATICALLY – adverbs
– ABSOTIVELY emphatically, without a doubt, irrefutably …1914 US sl.
 
EMPIRE – nouns
– IMPERY † an empire …1538
empire – verbs 
– IMPERIALIZE to render imperial; to belong to an empire or an imperial policy …1805
 
EMPLOY – verbs
– ADOPERATE † to bring into operation, to employ, to use …1632
– FEE to hire, to employ …1701 Amer. dial.
– IMPLOY † to employ …c1460
– IMPLY † to employ …a1533
employ – phrases
– MAN FOR MY MONEY, THE the person whom I should choose to employ or support …colloq.
 
EMPLOYEE – person
– BEAN-FEASTER one who attends an annual dinner given by employers to their work-people …1884
– EYE-SERVANT * a servant or employee who is hard-working or obedient only when observed by his or her master or employer …a1555
– EYE-SERVER * a servant or employee who is hard-working or obedient only when observed by his or her master or employer …a1626
– FLOATER one who frequently changes his job; a temporary employee …1873 sl.
– HIRE a person who is hired; an employee …Bk1862
– HIRED GUN an employee or agent, esp. in some aggressive capacity …1970s US sl.
– SAVAGE an employee, esp. the most menial, lowest paid employee …Bk1975 Amer. sl. 
– SHOWCASE NIGGER a token Black employee …M20 US sl.
– TEMP a temporary employee, esp. a temporary secretary …1932 sl., orig. US
– WALL CRAWLERS shy employees who walk down the hallways with a shoulder pressed against the wall and their eyes cast downward …Bk2006 Amer. sl. 
– WILD DUCK an innovative employee who has a different perspective …Bk2006 Amer. sl. 
employee – person, other
– HEAD-HUNTER a person who recruits employees by headhunting (targeting people for recruitments, now esp. by identifying and approaching highly skilled or experienced personnel already employed elsewhere) …1918
employee – verbs 
– TEMP to work as a temporary employee …1973 sl.
 
EMPLOYER – person
– BAAS a master, an employer of labour …1625 S. Afr.
– BALEBOOS a male employer …Bk1982 Jewish 
– BOSS-MAN an employer; a supervisor; a person in authority …1908 Amer. dial.
– DAMPER a sweating employer …c1860 tailors’ sl.
– DRIVER one who compels his employees to do more work for the same wages …1851 colloq.
– GAF an employer, overlooker, or the head of a household …Bk1862 Eng. dial.
– GAFFER  an employer, a boss, a foreman; a master, a ‘governor’ …a1659 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– GRINDER an employer of sweated labour …M19
– HER NIBS a female employer; a superior …1898 sl.
– HIS NIBS an employer; a superior …1887 sl.
– JIFFESS an employer’s wife …Bk1896 tailors’ sl.
– LAANIE, LAHNEE, LANI, LANIE, LARNEY a boss, an employer …1970s S. Afr. sl. 
– MASTER an employer; the head of a shop or works; the name given to a farmer by the farm labourers …1801 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– MASTER-MAN an employer of work-people ..c1400
– NABS a master; a governor;- an employer of labour …1877 Eng. dial. 
– OLD MAN orig. a commanding officer or ship’s captain; hence, one’s employer or superior …1830 sl.
– PADRONE a master, employer, patron, or proprietor …1670
– PAY-MASTER an employer of labour …Bk1903 Eng. dial.  
– SIMON LEGREE a cruel overseer or employer …20C US Black sl.
 
EMPLOYMENT – nouns
– ADOPERATION application, employment …1817
– BROKEN TIME time lost from regular employment …1895
– IMPLYMENT † employment …1614
– LABOUR, THE the labour exchange; the employment exchange; the job centre …1920s sl.
– MOONLIGHTING taking a second job, usually late-night, in addition to one’s daily employment …1950s sl.
– SANTERMENT trifling employment …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
– SHOP a period of employment or an engagement …1885 theatrical sl.
– THRIFT work, occupation, employment, business …1798 Sc.
employment – person 
– INTERLOPER a person of no regular employment …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– SHARK an employment agent …1927 Amer. dial.
employment – verbs
– CARRY GUTS TO A BEAR to work at dishonourable employment …1922  Amer. dial.
– NANNICK to do light, irregular work; to change one’s employment frequently …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
employment – phrases
 – ON THE TURF looking for work …1960s Amer. sl.
 
EMPRESS – person
– EMPERATRICE † an empress …c1460
– IMPERATRICE † an empress …c1460
– IMPERATRIX † an empress …1623
 
EMPTINESS – nouns
– DEAD LURK empty premises …M19 sl.
– LACUNA a gap, an empty space, spot, or cavity …1872
– LACUNE a gap, an empty space, spot, or cavity …1846
– LEERNESS † emptiness …c1000
– VACIVITY emptiness …1721
– VACUATION †* emptiness …1611
– VAIN † emptiness; void space …1382
– VASTITY † the fact of being desolate, waste, void, or empty …1545
 
EMPTY – adjectives
– ALEER empty, unladen …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– AVOID empty, void …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– BOSS hollow, empty …Bk1911 Sc.
– DEAD of a house or place: uninhabited, empty, deserted …L19 sl.
– EMPT empty …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– EMPY empty …1860 Eng. dial.
– IDLE † empty, vacant; void of …c825
– LACUNOUS †* resembling a hollow or ‘lacuna’ …1653
– LEER † empty; also, clear of; of a burden: useless …c1250
– LEERY † empty …1676 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– NEAR † empty …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– OONTY † empty …1790 Eng. dial.
– OWNTY † empty …1790 Eng. dial.
– SCRANKY † empty …1800 Sc.
– SKRANKY † empty …1800 Sc.
– TEEM empty …1773 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– TOOM empty …Sc.
– VACIVE empty, void …1656
– VACUATE † made empty …1432-50
– VAIL empty …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– VAIN † empty, vacant, void …1382
– VAKE †* empty …1600
empty – verbs
– BANISH † to clear out; to empty …1494
– EMPT to empty, to pour out …1825 Eng. & Amer. dial.
– ENT to empty; to pour out …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– FARM to cleanse, to clean out, to put in order; to empty …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– GUT to empty …L17 sl.
– TAKE THE INSIDE OUT OF to empty …1843 colloq.
– TIPE to tip, to tilt; to empty by tipping anything up; to throw over …1865 Eng. dial.
– TOOM to empty something …Sc.
– UNBOWEL † to empty of contents; to open up; to make hollow …1597
– UNEMPT to empty; to unload …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– UNENT to empty …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– VACUATE † to empty; to evacuate …1651
– WANE † to empty, to render vacant …c1200
 
EMPTY-HANDED – adjectives
– SALT unlucky, in a bad state; impoverished, empty-handed, low on food …1950s W. Indies Rasta
 
EMPTY-HEADED – adjectives
– BUBBLE-HEADED out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1952 sl., orig. US
– COCKAMAMIE out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1950 US sl.
– COCKAMAMY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1950 US sl.
– COCKAMANIE out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1950 US sl.
– COCKAMANY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1950 US sl.
– DILLY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1905 sl., chiefly Aust.
– DITSY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1973 sl., orig. US
– DITZY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1973 sl., orig. US
– DIVVY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1975 Brit. sl.
– DIVY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1975 Brit. sl.
– DIZZY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1878 sl.
– FEATHER-HEADED empty-headed, harebrained, silly, brainless …1647
– GOOFY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1919 sl., orig. US
– GOOPY out of touch with reality, empty-headed, daft, silly, irresponsible …1926 sl., orig. US 
– MEAZY-SOW giddy, empty-headed …1854 Eng. dial.
– RATTLE-HEADED empty-headed, stupid; foolish and noisy; talkative, chattering, giddy, flighty, hare-brained …1647
– SHALLOW-BRAINED † having no depth of intellect or understanding; foolish, empty-headed …
– SHALLOW-PATED having no depth of intellect or understanding; foolish, empty-headed …arch.
– SHANDY empty-headed, half-crazy …L17 Eng. dial.
empty-headed – person
– AIRHEAD a dizzy, empty-headed person …1971
– BALLOON a person regarded as inflated, empty or hollow …1656
– BALLOON-BRAIN a fool, a simpleton; a silly, empty-headed person …1949 US sl.
– BALLOON HEAD an arrogant, conceited, or stupid person; a fool, a simpleton, a silly, empty-headed person …1931 colloq., chiefly US
– BARBIE (derogatory) a young, empty-headed woman who is tall, slim, well-endowed and attractive in a stereotypical way, with peroxide-blonde hair …1966
– BARMY-FROTH a flighty, empty-headed fellow; a simpleton …1599
– BAUSON, BAWSON a clamorous, noisy, empty-headed person …1830 Eng. dial.
– BEASTIE anyone considered outside the group talking,. esp. if unattractive, empty-headed, etc. …Bk1984 sl.
– BIMBO (derogatory) an attractive but empty-headed woman …1927 sl., orig. US
– BLAFLUM a pompous, empty-headed person …1825 Sc.
– BLAFUM a pompous, empty person; chiefly applied to males …1825 Sc.
– BUBBLEHEAD an empty-headed person …1952 sl., orig. US
– CITTERN-HEAD a blockhead, a dunce; an empty-headed person; a term of scorn …1623
– CLOTHES-PROP a silly, empty-headed person …1900s sl.
– CORKY-NODDLE a light-headed, frivolous person; one whose wisdom floats on the surface; an empty-headed fellow …18C Sc.
– DITS, DITZ an empty-headed person, esp. a woman …1973 US sl.
– DUMB DORA an empty-headed woman …1922 US sl.
– FEATHER-HEAD a silly, empty-headed person …1831
– GAMF a buffoon, a fool; an empty-headed fellow who makes a great deal of noisy mirth; a fool, or one who wishes to seem so …1825 Sc.
– GAMP an interfering busybody; an idle, meddling person; an empty-headed, noisy fellow; a gossip …1868 sl.
– GLIGEEN an empty-headed person …1960 Irish sl.
– GLUGEEN an empty-headed person …1960 Irish sl.
– GLUGGER a vain, empty, foolish boaster …Bk1910 Ireland 
– GOMF a buffoon, a fool; an empty-headed fellow who makes a great deal of noisy mirth; a fool, or one who wishes to seem so …1825 Sc.
– HELIUM HEAD a silly or empty-headed person; a fool; an airhead …1960 US college sl.
– HELIUM-BRAIN a silly or empty-headed person; a fool; an airhead …1978 US college sl.
– INANE an empty-headed, unintelligent person …1710 
– JACK A DANDY a conceited, empty-headed little fellow …1632
– LACK-BRAIN one who is destitute of sense or brains; one wanting in wit; a stupid, empty-headed fellow, a fool …1596
– MCFLY a fool; an empty-headed person …1980s US campus sl.
– PEA-BRAIN an empty-headed person …1959 sl.
– RACA a vain empty-headed fellow …Bk1775
– SHALLOW-PATE a person having no depth of intellect or understanding; a foolish or empty-headed person …1600
– YITEMARREE a term of contempt for an empty-headed, foppish, time-serving man …1902 Sc.
 
EMPTYING – nouns
– EGESTION † the act of discharging or emptying out …c1420
 
EMU – nouns
– NEW HOLLAND CASSOWARY the emu …1842
 
EMULATE – person
– WANNABE, WANNABEE one who wants to emulate someone else …1988 orig. US
emulate – verbs 
– AEMULE †* to emulate …1595
– TAKE A LEAF FROM SOMEONE’S BOOK to imitate or emulate someone …M19 US sl.
– TAKE A LEAF OUT OF SOMEONE’S BOOK to imitate or emulate someone …M19 US sl.
– TAKE A PAGE OUT OF SOMEONE’S BOOK to imitate or emulate someone …M19 US sl.
 
EMULATION – nouns
– PARAGON † comparison; competition, emulation, rivalry …1590
 
ENABLE – verbs
– ABILITATE † to give ability or fitness; to enable …1627
– HABILLE † to make or pronounce competent; to enable, to qualify …1530
– SUFFICIENTIZE †* to make competent, to enable …1693
 
ENABLING – nouns
– HABILITATION the act of enabling or endowing with ability or fitness; capacitation, qualification …1612
 
ENAMEL – nouns
– AMEL † enamel …1821 Sc.
 
ENAMOUR – verbs
– INAMORATE †* to inspire with love, to enamour …1624
 
ENAMOURED – adjectives
– INAMORATE enamoured, in love …1605
 
ENCHANT – person
– FASCINATRESS a female who fascinates or enchants; an attractive woman …1878
– GOOBER a person who can enchant …Bk1896 Amer. dial.
enchant – verbs 
– BICHANT † to enchant, to bewitch …c1330
– CAST A GLAMOUR OVER to bewitch, to enchant …Bk1999 
– EFFASCINATE † to charm, bewitch, enchant …1616
– ELF-SHOOT to bewitch, to enchant …1806 Eng. dial.
– FASCINATE † to affect by witchcraft or magic; to bewitch, to enchant, to lay under a spell …1598
– SIGALDER † to enchant, to bewitch …1303
– SIRENIZE to delight or charm; to allure or enchant …1584
 
ENCHANTED – adjectives
– HAGGED † bewitched, enchanted …a1700 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
 
ENCHANTING – adjectives
– AIRY-FAIRY * having the ethereal qualities assoicated with a fairy; delicate; light; graceul; immaterial; also, enchanging, magical …1837
– FASCINATIVE tending to fascinate; enchanting …1855
– TAKY fascinating, enchanting …1854 colloq.
 
ENCHANTMENT – adjectives
– EFFASCINABLE †* susceptible to enchantment …1660
enchantment – nouns 
– FASCINATION † the casting of a spell; sorcery, enchantment, an instance of this, a spell, an incantation …1605
– MALEFICE a wicked enchantment; sorcery …c1374 arch.
– NECROMANTY †* the pretended art of revealing future events, etc., by means of communication with the dead; generally, magic, enchantment, conjuration …1560
– SIGALDRY †* enchantment, sorcery …a1225
– TAKE †* a spell of magic or witchcraft; enchantment …1678
– TAKING † a seizure or attack of disease; a stroke or palsy or the like; an attack of illness; a sudden seizure of pain; a sore, a swelling also, enchantment …1533 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
 
ENCHANTRESS – person
– FAIRY † one possessing more than human power; an enchantress …1606
 
ENCHILADA – nouns
– INCHIE an enchilada …1987 Amer. dial.
 
ENCIRCLE – verbs
– BECLIP to wrap round, to enclose, to encircle, to surround …c1000 arch.
– FATHOM to encircle with extended arms …c1300
– IMMURE to enclose, to encompass, to encircle, to surround; to shut in, to confine …1583
– UMBECAST † to surround, to encircle …c1350
– UMBECLIP † to surround, to encircle …a1300
– UMBEGO † to go around, to encircle; to surround with something …c1300
– UMBESWEY † to encircle …a1300
– UMBETIGH † to encircle, to surround …a1300
 
ENCIRCLING – nouns
– FATHOMING the act of encircling with the arms …c1440
 
ENCLOSE – verbs
– ACLOSE †* to enclose, to shut up …c1315
– BECLIP to wrap round, to enclose, to encircle, to surround …c1000 arch.
– BECLOSE † to shut up or in; to enclose, to imprison …c1000
– BEFONG † to encompass, to enclose, to comprehend …971
– BEGIRT to surround, to encompass, to enclose …1608
– BEGIRTH to surround, to encompass, to enclose …1608
– BELAY † to lay a thing about with other object, i.e. by putting them about or around it; to surround, to environ, to enclose with …a1000
– BELOUKE † to enclose, to encompass …c825
– BESHUT † to shut in, to enclose, to surround; to shut up, to confine, to imprison …a1300
– BETRAP † to catch in a trap; to entrap, to ensnare, to circumvent, to enclose …a1000
– BOUND † to enclose, to confine, to contain …1609
– HAIN † to enclose or protect with a fence or hedge; to preserve grass from cattle …a1400 obs. exc. Sc. & Eng. dial.
– HAY † to enclose or fence in by a hedge …a1050
– IMMURE to enclose, to encompass, to encircle, to surround; to shut in, to confine …1583
– PALE to enclose with pales or a fence; to furnish with a fence …c1330
– PAR † to enclose, to confine; to shut up in an enclosure; to pen …c1300 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– PARCLOSE to enclose; to fence in or shut off with a screen, railing, etc. …1577
– PARR † to enclose, to confine; to shut up in an enclosure; to pen …c1300 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– PERCLOSE to enclose; to fence in or shut off with a screen, railing, etc. …1577
– TINE † to enclose or shut something up in something …1300s
– UMBCLOSE † to enclose …c1330
– UMBECAST † to enclose, to confine …c1440
– UMBECLOSE † to enclose, to enwrap …c1400
– UMBEWEND † to imbed, to enclose …c1440
– UMFOLD † to enclose, to surround …a1400-50
– UMGIVE † to enclose, to surround, to environ …a1300
– UMLOUK † to surround, to enclose …a1300
 
ENCLOSED – adjectives
– BAYED † surrounded, enclosed …1577
– IMPENT † pent in; shut in a pen or fold; enclosed; confined …1633
 
ENCLOSURE – nouns
– HAIN † an enclosure; a park …c1205
– HAINING enclosing or preserving; that which encloses or is enclosed; an enclosure …1535 chiefly Sc.
– HAW † a small piece of land adjoining a house; a small yard or enclosure …1691 Eng. dial.
– HAY an enclosed space; an enclosure; a park …c1630 arch. or Eng. dial.
– PALE an area enclosed by a fence; an enclosed place; an enclosure …c1400
– PALIS † a place enclosed by a palisade or fence; an enclosure …c1420
– PAMPHIL a small house; a square enclosure made with stakes …Bk1905 Sc.
– PARCAGE † enclosure, shutting up of stray beasts …1453 Sc.
– PARROCK a small field or enclosure; a paddock …1677 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– PERCLOSE † an enclosed space, enclosure, cloister, closet; esp. one in a building, separated from the main part by a screen or railing …1445-6
– PERRICK a small field or enclosure; a paddock …1677 Eng. dial.
– RANGES † a fence, an enclosure …1537
 
ENCOMPASS – verbs
– BEFONG † to encompass, to enclose, to comprehend …971
– BEGIRT to surround, to encompass, to enclose …1608
– BEGIRTH to surround, to encompass, to enclose …1608
– BEGO † to go round; to compass, to encompass …c1000
– BELIE † to lie around, to encompass …a1000
– BELOUKE † to enclose, to encompass …c825
– BERUN † to run round about, to encompass …c1205
– BESTAND † to surround, to encompass, as a wall, water, etc. …c1205
– BETREND † to wind or draw round; to encompass …c1374
– UMBELAP † to encompass, to surround …a1350
– UMBELAY † to beset, to surround, to encompass …a1300
– UMBESET † to surround, to encompass, to beset …a1300
– UMBETHONRE † to encompass, to surround …a1400-50
– UMGO † to go around; to encompass …a1300
– UMLAP † to encompass, to surround …a1300
 
ENCOUNTER – adjectives
– OCCURRENT †* liable to encounter something; exposed or obnoxious to …1566
encounter – adverbs 
– AFTER THE FIRST BRUSH after the first encounter or meeting …1857
– AT THE FIRST BRUSH at the first encounter or meeting …1815
encounter – nouns 
– ACOUNTER † an encounter …c1314
– ACOUNTRE † an encounter …c1314
– BOURD an encounter, a fight …Bk1911 Sc.
– OCCURSATION †* an act of running against something; attack; encounter; meeting;  collision …1615
– OCCURSION † an act of running against something; attack, encounter; meeting; collision …1533
– OPPOSITION † encounter, combat …1596
– TILT an encounter, combat, or contest; a debate, a public dispute, a discussion; often applied in the 17th & 18 centuries to a duel …1567
– TIRPEIL † a broil, an encounter, a tumult …c1330
– TIRPELL † a broil, an encounter, a tumult …c1330
encounter – verbs
– ACOUNTER † to encounter, to meet …c1350
– GAIN † to meet, to encounter, to oppose …a1500
– KEEP † to meet in resistance or opposition; to encounter …c1205
– OBVIATE † to meet, to encounter; hence; to withstand, to oppose a person or thing …1600-9
– OCCUR † to meet, to encounter; to oppose, to resist …a1548
– RAMCOUNTER to meet with, to encounter …1899 Sc.
– YAIN † to meet, to encounter, to oppose …a1000
 
ENCOUNTERING – nouns
– ACOUNTERING † encountering, jousting …c1420
 
ENCOURAGE – adjectives
– PARAMUTHETIC tending to encourage; consolatory, consoling …1854
encourage – person
– ABETTATOR † he that encourages …Bk1717
– ABETTOR one who encourages, countenances, or supports another in any proceeding – one who supports or advocates an opinion or principle – a supporter, adherent, or advocate …1580
– FAUTERER an adherent, a partisan, a supporter, an abettor, an encourager …a1662
– FAUTOR an adherent, a partisan, a supporter, an abettor, an encourager …c1330
– FAUTRESS † an adherent, a partisan, a supporter, an abettor, an encourager …1596
– FAVOURESS †* a female supporter or encourager …1616
– FAVOURITE † one who countenances, encourages, or supports; a well-wisher, friend, or follower …1585-7
– HEARTENER one who heartens, encourages, or cheers …1601
– HEARTER †* one who heartens or encourages; an abettor …c1550
encourage – verbs
– ACCOURAGE † to encourage, to hearten …1596
– ALACRIATE †* to make cheerful and lively; to excite; to rouse to action; to encourage; to embolden …1657
– CHIRP UP, CHURP UP to become or to make someone cheerful or lively; to encourage …1897 Amer. dial.
– EDGE † to urge on, to incite, to provoke, to encourage a person; also, to stimulate, to give activity to an industry, etc. …1575
– EGG † to incite, to encourage, to urge; to provoke, to tempt …c1200
– EGG ON to incite, to encourage, to urge; to provoke, to tempt …1566
– FAVOURIZE † to support, to encourage; to favour, to treat with partiality …1585
– HARDY † to make hardy or bold; to encourage …a1225
– HARPEN ON to encourage; to cheer on to fight …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– HEARKEN ON to encourage, to urge on, to incite …1851 Eng. dial.
– HEART (UP) to encourage, to hearten …1825 Sc. 
– HELP UP to encourage, to cheer up …1883 Amer. dial.
– JACK UP to rouse from apathy; to stir up; to encourage; to inspire to action …1914 US sl.
– PULL FOR to support actively; to encourage 
– RAISE † to encourage or inspire a person with courage, confidence, hope, etc. …1533
– TICE † to encourage, to incite, as a dog …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– UPCHEER †* to cheer up; to brighten, enliven, encourage …c1586
encourage – phrases
– OOPIE-STIFFIE used to encourage a child to get on its feet …1892 Sc.
– OOPSIE-DOOPSIE used to encourage a child to get on its feet …1892 Sc.
 
ENCOURAGED – adjectives
– BUCKED cheered, encouraged, elated …1907 sl.
encouraged – verbs 
– BUCK UP to cheer up; to be encouraged …1889 sl.
 
ENCOURAGEMENT – nouns
– ADHORTATION † encouragement, persuasion, incitement …1536
– HEARKENING encouragement …1768 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– HEARTING the imparting of courage; encouragement, animation, cheer …c1250
– PUSH assistance, encouragement …Irish sl.
– READINESS encouragement, assistance …B1900 Eng. dial.
– SHOT IN THE ARM a boost or act of encouragement …Bk1990 Amer. sl.
– TICEMENT † enticement; encouragement …1303 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
encouragement – interjections/phrases
– ATTABOY an exclamation expressing encouragement or admiration …1909 US sl.
– GALLAD! an expression of encouragement, ‘go it, lad’ …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– GWAAN! a term of encouragement or appreciation; i.e. go ahead! get going! …20C W. Indies & UK Black teen sl.
– HI-DE-HI greeting, encouraging, or expressing enthusiasm, esp. in a dance band, holiday camp, etc. ; frequently answered with ‘ho-de-ho’ …M20
– MORE POWER TO YOUR ELBOW! an exclamation of encouragement, good luck to you! …1848 Ireland
– ONYA! an expression of encouragement …Bk1999 Aust. sl.
– RAH! used as a cheer, a shouted expression of support or encouragement …1870 US
– RAH RAH! used as a cheer, a shouted expression of support or encouragement …1870 US
– RAM IT! an expression of praise or encouragement …1980s UK Black sl.
– TAKE IT ON! an exclamation of encouragement …1980s US college sl.
– THAT’S ME LAD! an exclamation used to encourage boys …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– UP THERE CAZALY! a cry of encouragement …Bk1999 Aust. sl.
– YOU’LL BE A MAN BEFORE YOUR MOTHER a jocular expression of encouragement or comfort to a small boy …1863
 
ENCOURAGING – adjectives
– BRIGHT hopeful, encouraging, cheering …1860
– HEARTSOME encouraging, inspiring, cheering the heart …1596 chiefly Sc.
– TEELIE coaxing, enticing, encouraging, inducing …1866 Sc.
– UPFUL positive, encouraging …1950s W. Indies Rasta
– UPHILL positive, encouraging …1950s W. Indies Rasta
 
ENCOUNTER – verbs
– FALL OVER to meet; to encounter …Bk1913-17 Amer. dial.
 
ENCROACH – verbs
– ACCROACH to encroach …1530
– SCREWZE to encroach, to intrude; to sponge; to come as an uninvited, unwelcome guest …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
 
ENCROACHMENT – nouns
– ACCROACHMENT usurpation; encroachment …1706
 
ENCUMBER – verbs
– ACCUMBER † to encumber; to overload; to oppress; to overwhelm; to crush …c1314
– GAFFLE to tease; to incommode, to encumber …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– IMPESTER † to entangle, to embarrass, to encumber …1601
– LAGGER to encumber, to overload; to carry or lead with difficulty …1825 Sc.
– LANGLE to involve, to encumber, to curb, to restrain, to hamper, to frustrate …1713 Sc.
– TAGIL † to entangle, to involve or engage in things that embarrass or encumber …a1340
– TAGLE † to entangle, to involve or engage in things that embarrass or encumber …a1340
– TAGYL † to entangle, to involve or engage in things that embarrass or encumber …a1340
– TANGLE † to involve or engage a person in affairs which encumber and hamper or embarrass, and from which it is difficult to get free; also, to embarrass, to confuse the brain, mind, conscience, etc. …a1340
 
ENCUMBERED – adjectives
– ACCUMBERED † overwhelmed, embarrassed, entangled, encumbered …c1300
– LAGGERT encumbered, overloaded …1742 Sc.
– TAGGLIT harassed with anything, encumbered, drudged …1808 Sc.
encumbered – verbs
– LAGGER to sink in soft, miry or muddy ground; to be encumbered by walking through mire, snow, or the like …1710 Sc.
 
ENCUMBERING – nouns
– ACCUMBERING † the act of encumbering, overloading, or overwhelming …1340
– ACCUMBRANCE † the of encumbering, impeding, or overwhelming; molestation, injury …1489
 
ENCUMBRANCE – nouns
– ALBATROSS a source of frustration, obstruction, or guilt, from which it is difficult to rid oneself; a burden, an encumbrance; a hindrance …1883
– ALBATROSS AROUND ONE’S NECK guilt, the haunting past, an unforgettable problem; a source of frustration or obstruction; a burden, an encumbrance; a hindrance …1883
– CLOG an impediment; an encumbrance …1526
– IMPESTERMENT † an entanglement, embarrassment, encumbrance …1652
 
ENCYCLOPAEDIA – nouns
– CYCLOPAEDIA, CYCLOPEDIA a book containing extensive information on all branches of knowledge, usually arranged alphabetically …1728