GAMBIA – person
– GAMBIAN a native or inhabitant of Gambia, a country in West Africa; a person of Gambian descent …1744
GAMBLE, GAMBLING – adjectives
– BAGGED of a race or game of chance: prearranged, with predetermined results, ‘in the bag’ …1942 Amer. sl.
– FLASH relating to gamblers and followers of boxing and racing …colloq.
– ODDS-ON in gambling: having better than an even chance to win …20C sl.
– SIDEWAYS of a sum of money being gambled: split each way (to win or place) …1960 UK racing sl.
– TAPPED-OUT out of money, having nothing to use for further betting …1950s sl.
gamble, gambling – nouns
– ACCOMMODATION ARREST a pre-arranged consensual raid of an illegal gambling operation, designed to give the appearance of strict enforcement of laws …1961 US sl.
– ACTION 1. betting, gambling …1885 US sl.
2. the amount that a gambler is willing to bet …1991 US sl.
– AFRICANS gambling tokens worth $100 …sl.
– AMMUNITION 1. gambling tokens …sl.
2. a gambler’s bankroll …1983 US sl.
– APRON in gambling: the cloth band worn by dealers around their waist …sl.
– ARMY ODDS in gambling: the correct odds, as opposed to the adjusted casino odds which favour the house …sl.
– AX in a gambling operation: the house’s cut of the bets …1974 US sl.
– AXE in a gambling operation: the house’s cut of the bets …1974 US sl.
– BACK an illegal gambling operation …1973 US sl.
– BANANAS yellow $20 gambling tokens used in baccarat …sl.
– BARBER POLE a bet made up of tokens of different value and colour …sl.
– BONE in private poker games or other private gambling: a white betting chip …1866 US sl.
– CHEAT SHEET in casino gambling: a listing of the payoffs for a particular ticket …1982 US sl.
– CHECK a gambling token …1974 US sl.
– DEADWOOD non-playing observers of gambling …1974 US sl.
– DUCK-SHOVING fighting for status, rank, position, esp. in political terms; in gambling: manipulating, using sleight of hand …1910s Aust. & NZ sl.
– EDGE in gambling: a statistical advantage, usually expressed as a percentage …1977 US sl.
– FAST AND LOOSE a gambling and cheating game, often practiced by thimbleriggers, in which a garter is folded and held out to the punter who bets that by pricking with a pin they can hit the place where the material is folded; almost inevitably they fail and lose their money …L16 sl.
– FAST LIFE the worlds of gambling, drug-dealing, prostitution, etc. …1960s US sl.
– FLUTTER a gamble …c1870 colloq.
– GAFF † 1. a meeting of gamblers for the purpose of play …1812 UK sl.
2. a cheating device in gambling, orig. a small hook set in a ring used by a card-sharp …E19 sl.
– GAFFLE in street gambling: a protocol under which the winner shares his winnings with other players …1997 US sl.
– GAFF WHEEL a gambling wheel controlled by the foot of the operator …20C US sl.
– GAMESTRY † the practice of gaming …1599
– GAMING † the act or habit of playing at games of change for stakes; gambling …c1510
– H-17 in casino blackjack gambling: a rule that the dealer must draw a card if he has a 17 made with an ace counting 11 points (H= hit) …1996 US sl.
– HAZARDRY † the playing at hazard; dicing, gambling …1297
– LAKING-DO a gambling affair …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– LAYOUT the table, dice, cards, etc. required for setting up a gambling club, whether legitimate or as a prop for a confidence trick …M19 sl.
– MARTINGALE a system in gambling which consists in doubling the stake when losing in the hope of eventually recouping oneself …1815
– NATURAL in gambling: a winning combination in various gambling games, esp. in craps …1912 Amer. sl.
– NUMBERS DROP a place where bets on an illegal lottery are turned in or made …1957 US sl.
– OFFICE † 1. any man’s ordinary haunt, as a tavern, ale-house, gaming-house, etc….a1700 sl.
2. any secret signal used by gambling cheats to communicate among themselves …1950 US sl.
– OLD ARMY GAME, THE any ruthlessly played or unfair gambling game, esp. poker, or the shell game; any swindle …1890 US sl.
– OLD GENT in gambling: a card that is slightly longer than the rest of the pack and thus identifiable by cheats …19C sl.
– OLD GENTLEMAN in gambling: a card that is slightly longer than the rest of the pack and thus identifiable by cheats …19C sl.
– OLD LADY in gambling: a card that is slightly wider than the rest of the pack and thus identifiable by cheats …E19 sl.
– PAPER AND PLASTIC in gambling: a combination of cash and betting chips …1996 US sl.
– PUFF a decoy in a gambling-house …1731 sl.
– PULLING TIME in an illegal numbers gambling lottery: the time of day when the winning number is drawn or selected …1949 US sl.
– RAKE-OFF chips or money that a gambling house takes as its percentage from the money bet in a gambling game …20C Amer. sl.
– SCHOOLING a criminal gambling party …M19 sl.
– SKIN GAME in gambling: a rigged game that honest players always lose …1962 US sl.
– SKINNING GAME any form of corrupt, crooked gambling, e.g. poker, faro, and the establishment where it takes place …M19 sl.
– SUMMER GAME playing merely for amusement or benefit of another person, but with his money …1890 US gambling sl.
– TAKE-OFF in a gambling operation: the amount of the bet money taken by a house …1950 US sl.
– TAP CITY the state of being unable to raise a stake for further betting …1920s sl.
– TIGER a gambling establishment; the game of faro …1838 Amer. dial.
– UNDERTAKER’S JOB a horse or greyhound which is deliberately, for the sake of the odds, not meant to win, whatever legitimate gamblers may presume …1970s gambling sl.
– VELVET gambling winnings …1974 US sl.
gamble, gambling – person
– BUTTON † a decoy or accomplice, esp. one who lures others into gambling or who poses as a customer to encourage other buyers …1851 UK criminals’ sl.
– BUTTONER † a person who lures others into gambling or a confidence trick …1839 criminals’ sl.
– OPERATOR the controller of a gambling game …1920s sl.
gamble, gambling – verbs
– ACE-DEUCE in gambling: to sustain heavy losses …sl.
– BANG UP in gambling: to close a game or table …sl.
– BIRL THE BAWBEE to make the money fly, to gamble or spend in drink …1776 Sc.
– BUCK THE GAME to enter upon any hazard with a purpose to win …1859 Amer. dial.
– BUCK THE TIGER 1. to gamble, to play cards …1851 US sl.
2. to play against a gambling establishment, esp. at faro …1857 Amer. dial.
– BUTTON to entice another to gamble …1857 criminals’ sl.
– CALL SOMEONE’S HAND in gambling: to challenge openly; to call someone’s bluff …1857 Amer. colloq.
– CAP to act as a confederate in a gambling game …E19 sl.
– CRACK THE NUT in gambling: to make enough money to meet the day’s expenses …1961 US sl.
– DECORATE THE MAHOGANY to put money on the table; hence, to pay out money or to gamble …1912 Amer. dial.
– FADE in gambling: to bet against another gambler (usually the shooter in craps); also, to match another’s wager in full or in part …1890 US sl.
– FAIRBANK in a gambling cheating scheme: to let a victim win at first, increasing his confidence before cheating him …1961 US sl.
– FANCY of a gambler: to select as worthy of a bet, usually of a horse or dog …1920s sl.
– FIGHT THE TIGER to play against a gambling establishment, esp. at faro; to gamble, to play at cards …1837 Amer. dial.
– FLUTTER to gamble …c1870 sl.
– FLY THE MAGS to gamble by tossing up halfpence …1819 sl.
– GAFF 1. to gamble with cards, dice, etc. …1812 sl.
2. to make a game crooked or dishonest, typically to tamper with a fruit machine or roulette wheel …1934 US gambling sl.
– GAME to gamble …1897 Eng. dial.
– KICK in gambling: to raise a bet …1963 US sl.
– MAKE A RAISE in gambling: to fund a peer who has lost all his money …M19 US gambling sl.
– MARTINGALE in gambling: to double stakes constantly until luck repays all ..1823
– NICK to gamble with dice …1611
– PIKE to gamble, esp. in a small way; to play cautiously and for small amounts …1889 Amer. dial.
– RACK UP in a casino or gambling establishment: to have your chips placed in a chip rack to be cashed in …1982 US sl.
– RAKE DOWN to win money at gambling, esp. cards …M19 sl., orig. US
– SHUT OUT to prevent from gambling, or playing, usually by refusing to take a person’s bet …Bk1974 Amer. sl.
– SKIN to separate someone from all his money in a gambling game …Brit. sl.
– STEAM in gambling: to bet increasingly larger amounts of money in a losing effort to recoup recurring losses …1985 US sl.
– TOUCH THE MOPUSSES to win money at gambling …L18 sl.
– WACK OUT in gambling: to lose all one’s money …1950s US gambling sl.
– WHACK OUT in gambling: to lose all one’s money …1950s US gambling sl.
– WONG in casino blackjack, to play several hands at a table where the count of cards played favours the player, and then to move on to another table …1991 US sl.
gamble, gambling – interjections/phrases
– ALL-IN in gambling: betting all of one’s chips …sl.
– ALL JOKES, NO TOKES there is a lot of banter at the gambling table, but not much tipping of the dealer …sl.
– ALL OUT in gambling: betting up to the house limit …sl.
– ALL THE WAY IN ONE PLAY in gambling: a bet of all of one’s chips …sl.
– BANCO a call in gambling games such as chemin de fer and baccarat by a player or bystander who wishes to bet against the entire bank …18C
– FAIR GO, SPINNER! in the gambling game two-up, used as a call signifying that the coins are to be tossed …1945 Aust. sl.
– OBE of a bettor in debt: Owes Bookies Everywhere …1989 Aust. sl.
– ON THE EDGE in gambling: out of funds, broke …1963 US sl.
– OVER THE HUMP while gambling, having won enough to be gambling now with the house’s money …1950 US sl.
– WOULD BET ON TWO FLIES WALKING UP THE WALL said of a compulsive gambler …Bk1999 Aust. sl.
GAMBLER – person (includes GAMESTER)
– ACTION PLAYER a gambler who bets heavily and, often, unwisely …Bk1998 sl.
– ADVENTURER † one who plays at games of chance, or adventures his money in such games; a gamester …1474
– AMBIDEXTER in gambling: a house player …16C gambling sl.
– BACKER one who finances a criminal enterprise, esp. a gambling operation …Bk1992 gambling sl.
– BAD RACK a gambler who does not pay his debts to a casino …Bk1998 sl.
– BAGGAGE one who watches a gambling game and advises the players but does not participate …1989 US sl.
– BALD-COOT an old man who has lost all his money gambling …a1823 sl.
– BALL TEAM a group of gambling cheats who work in casinos …1987 US sl.
– BANKER 1. one who keeps the ‘bank’ in a gambling house; the dealer, in some games of chance …1826
2. a casino or gambling house owner or operator who may become involved in crime by using gangsters to protect him from other gangsters or to help collect gambling debts; a financier of a drug-importing ring – the one least likely ever to be arrested or jailed …Bk1988 criminals’ sl.
– BASEBALL TEAM a group of gambling cheats who work in casinos …1987 US sl.
– BATTLER a gambler who tries to make a living by gambling; a habitual punter who is always struggling; also, a struggling horse owner-trainer …1895 Aust. sl.
– BEARER-UP a gambling cheat; a swindler; a decoy-duck at cards who induces strangers to play with sharpers by persuasion or by seeing him win …1873 UK sl.
– BEEFER a gambler who complains when he loses …Bk1992 gambling sl.
– BETTING MAN one who makes bets; a professional gambler …1819
– BIG ROLLER one who spends extravagantly; one who gambles for high stakes; a ‘high roller’ …1973 US sl.
– BIG SPENDER a fool, esp. as a bettor or gambler; one who talks a good game and exudes self-confidence but always loses bets, card games, etc.; often sarcastic …Bk1995 Amer. sl.
– BIG-TIMER a professional gambler …Bk1975 Amer. sl.
– BILK a person who bilks or cheats; a crooked gambler; a cheat; a swindler; often applied to persons who cheat cabmen of their fares, or prostitutes of their earnings …1790 UK criminals’ sl.
– BIRD DOG a small-time bettor who frequents the company of professional gamblers to learn which way they are betting on sporting events in order to bet the same way …Bk1975 Amer. gambling sl.
– BLACKLEG a professional gambler or layer of odds …1776
– BUCKER a gambler …1898 Amer. dial.
– BUTTONER one who entices another to gamble …1839 criminals’ sl.
– CARD MECHANIC in gambling: a person, as a crooked gambler, who is skilled at manipulating playing cards; a cardsharp …1906 US sl.
– CHIPPY in gambling: an inexperienced player …1961 Amer. sl.
– C-NOTE CHARLIE in a casino: a gambler who insists on betting wit $100 notes, not betting chips …1949 US sl.
– CUB a tyro gamester …L17 sl.
– DEAD FISH a gambler who places small bets to prolong the inevitable …1963 US sl.
– DEADHEAD a non-playing observer of gambling …1974 US sl.
– DEAD NAIL a gambler who cheats and/or refuses to pay his losses …E19 sl.
– DESPERADO a gambler who bets heavily but cannot pay off when he loses …1950s sl.
– DEUCE a useless gambler; a worthless person …L19 sl.
– DIPSY a gambling cheat …1950 US sl.
– DOG in gambling: an underdog …1975 US sl.
– DUDLEY a beginner gambler …2003 US sl.
– EAGLE † a gambler, presumably a cheat, who wins – the winning gamester …1735 criminals’ sl.
– ELBOW-SHAKER a gamester or sharper …1725
– FACE in racecourse gambling: a bettor who is believed to have useful information regarding the likely outcome of a race …2001 UK bookmakers’ usage
– FAULKENER, FAULKNER one who lures an innocent player into a crooked gambling game …L17 UK criminals’ sl.
– GAFFER 1. one who tosses up coins in a gambling game based on guessing heads or tails …1823 sl.
2. a person who operates mechanically controlled gambling devices, such as roulette wheels and slot machines …Bk1988
– GAITER a racecourse gambler …1835 UK criminals’ sl.
– GALTER(S) † a racehorse swindler; a gambler …1848 UK criminals’ sl.
– GAM(B) a gambler …1875 US sl.
– GAMBLER a person who plays games for stakes, as cards, dice, etc., or bets on the outcome of particular events, e.g. the result of a race or other sporting contest; a person who gambles for money or other stakes, esp. habitually …1784
– GAMBOLEER a gambler …1905 US sl.
– GAMBOLIER a gambler …1858 US sl.
– GAMENER † a person who takes part in a game, pastime, or sport; a person who plays games for stakes, a gambler …1509
– GAMER a person who takes part in a game, pastime, or sport; an athlete; a person who plays games for stakes, a gambler …a1450
– GAMESTER a person who plays games of chance for money or other stakes; a gambler …1549
– GAMESTRESS a female gamester or gambler …1651
– GAMLER a gambler …Bk1893 Eng. dial.
– GAMMER a gambler …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– GAMMIE a gambler …1966 US sl.
– GAMNER † a gamester, a player, a gambler …1509
– GEME-MAN † a gambler …Bk1888
– GEORGE 1. a gambler who tips the dealer or places bets in the dealer’s name …1974 US sl.
2. in American casinos: a skilled and lucky gambler …1985 US sl.
– HANDCUFF ARTIST someone who gambles only when sure he will win …Bk1997 pool players’ usage
– HARD-NOSE a cautious gambler who neither wins not loses large amounts …1972 US sl.
– HARD ROCK 1. in gambling: a difficult player to beat …1961 criminals’ sl.
2. a gambler who refuses to lend money …1961 criminals’ sl.
– HASARDOUR † a ‘hazarder; a gambler, gamester; a dice-player …c1390
– HAZARDER † a player at hazard or dice; a dicer, a gamester …c1390
– HEAD a professional gambler …1890 sl.
– HEAVY a gambler, esp. a big-money card player …1938 US gambling sl.
– HEAVY ROLLER one who spends extravagantly; one who gambles for high stakes …1873 US sl.
– HEEL a small-time gambler …Bk1992 gambling sl.
– HELL-BIRD a professional gambler …1833 UK sl.
– HELLITE the proprietor or a frequenter of a ‘hell’ or gaming-house; a professional gambler …1824
– HELL-KEEPER a keeper of a gambling den …1823
– HIGH JINKS a gambler who drinks with his victim in order to render the latter more malleable …1785 sl.
– HIGH-ROLLER a person who gambles large sums or spends freely …1873 sl., orig. US
– HIGH SPOT † a (very) heavy gambler …1925 US sl.
– HIP MCCOKE a man, esp. a gambler …1963 S. Afr. rhyming sl. for ‘bloke’
– ICEMAN the front-man who pays or receives protection money on behalf of illegal gamblers or the authorities …1960s sl.
– JACK-LEG a gambler who cheats …1949 US sl.
– MAGSMAN a card-sharp or other cheating gamester …M19 sl.
– MONKEY a gambler who complains to the police about an illegal gambling operation after losing …1950 US sl.
– MOVER in casino gambling: a dice cheat who places his bet after a roll has started …1962 US sl.
– MUCK-SNIPE a ruined person, esp. a gambler …c1850 Brit. sl.
– MUG PUNTER a gambler, viewed as inherently stupid …1943 Aust. sl.
– NAIL a gambler or cheat who runs into debt without intending to pay …Bk1823 sl.
– NAILING RASCAL a gambler who cheats and/or refuses to pay his losses …E19 sl.
– NAIL NICKER in gambling: a cheat who marks cards by nicking them with his fingernails …1997 US sl.
– NAILS a gambler who cheats and/or refuses to pay his losses …E19 sl.
– NONPRODUCER a professional gambler who cannot be counted on to lose a great deal of money while gambling in a casino …1963 US sl.
– NUMBERS BANKER the operator of an illegal numbers racket or lottery …1959 US sl.
– NUMEROLOGIST a person who claims to have devised a winning system for an illegal numbers gambling lottery …1949 US sl.
– PALOOKA a dishonest gambler or gangster …1934 US criminals’ sl.
– PATENT GENTRY cheating gamblers …M19 US sl.
– PERCENTAGE PLAYER a gambler who appreciates odds and percentages, absorbing losses in the belief that the odds will ultimately favour him …1961 US sl.
– PHEASANT in a gambling, cheating scheme, a victim …1974 US sl.
– PIKER (derogatory) orig. a cautious or timid gambler who makes only small bets; one who plays for small stakes; hence, a person who takes no chances; a cowardly or stingy person; a shirker …1859 colloq., orig. US
– PUNTER a gambler, a speculator …Brit. sl.
– SADDLE the silent financial backer in a gambling game …Bk1992 gambling sl.
– SADDLE-BLANKET GAMBLER a cowboy addicted to gambling around the campfire on a saddle blanket; a small-time gambler; one who played for small stakes …Bk1945 US Western sl.
– SANDBAGGER one who is believed to win unfairly in a betting game …1961 US sl.
– SHARP a swindler; often applied to a fraudulent card player or other gambler …1797 colloq.
– SHARPER a person who habitually cheats, swindles, or tricks another; often applied to a fraudulent card player or other gambler …1681 colloq.
– SHERK a cheating gamester …M17 sl.
– SHIRK a cheating gamester …M17 sl.
– SPIELER a gambler, a card-sharp, a professional swindler …1859 sl., orig. US
– STEAMER a gambler who increases the size of his bets after losing …1968 US sl.
– TABLE HOPPER a gambler who moves from table to table in a casino …Bk2006 Amer. sl.
– TABLEMAN † a gamester; a player of a game of chance; applied in contempt …1608
– TAT-MAN a crooked gambler who uses a tat to cheat in a dice game (tat – a crooked die, esp. one on which only the numbers four, fiver, and six appear) …1928 US gambling sl.
– TATMONGER † a crooked gambler, esp. one who cheats at dice …1688 gambling sl.
– TATOGEY a sharper or cheat using loaded dice …1688 gambling sl.
– TATSMAN a dice-player, or a sharper who cheats with dice …1825 sl.
– TIGER-HUNTER a gambler …1896 US sl.
– TUG a swindler; a fraudulent card player or other gambler …1896 Aust. sl.
– WAGERING KIDDY † a young gambler …1890 criminals’ sl.
– WALLIE, WALLY † a town ‘sport’ or gambler …1927 Amer. hobo sl.
– WOOD in a casino or other gambling establishment: a person who watches without playing …1950 US sl.
– WORKMAN a professional gambler …c1800 gambling usage
– YOKEL-HUNTER † one who cheats rural folk at gambling or with a sleight of hand …1910 criminals’ sl.
– ZERO a gambler who is a chronic loser …1996 US sl.
– ZOMBIE a gambler who shows no emotion when either winning or losing …Bk2002 criminals’ sl.
gambler – person, other
– HEAVY MAN an armed watcher in a gambling house …1962 US sl.
– HEELER the backer of a gambler …Bk1891 Amer.
GAMBLING ESTABLISHMENT – nouns (also see CASINO)
– CARPET JOINT a carpeted and well-furnished or well-equipped gambling casino …1961 Amer. sl.
– COPPER-HELLS small gambling houses …1884
– DEADFALL a low drinking or gaming-place …Bk1897 US
– DIME STORE a small casino or gambling establishment with low-stakes games …1953 US sl.
– GAFF a crooked casino or similar place designed to fleece innocent victims …1930s US criminals’ sl.
– GAME HOUSE * a building or establishment where gambling games are played …1577
– JUICE JOINT a crooked gambling operation …1950 US sl.
– SAWDUST JOINT a down-market restaurant or bar, or gambling saloon …20C sl.
– SAWDUST PARLOR a down-market restaurant or bar, or gambling saloon …20C sl.
– SAWDUST PLACE a down-market restaurant or bar, or gambling saloon …20C sl.
– SAWDUST SALOON a down-market bar, or gambling saloon …20C sl.
– SILVER HELL † a low-class gambling saloon …1835 sl.
– SPIELER a gambling club …1931
– TABLING-DEN † a low-class gambling-house …1886
– TABLING-HOUSE † a house of resort for playing ‘tables’ or other games; a gambling-house …1577
– TAKE JOINT a dishonest cabaret; a crooked gambling-den …1933 US criminals’ sl.
GAMBOL – nouns
– MARLOCK a frolic, a gambol, a piece of fun; a sportive gesture …c1746 Eng. dial.
gambol – verbs
– CAIL to move awkwardly and uncertainly; to gambol, to throw out the heels like a colt …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– GAMOND † a gambol, or leaping movement in dancing …1500-20 Sc.
– MARLOCK to play, to frolic, to gambol, to romp …1863 Eng. dial.
– PIROOT to whirl around; to gambol, to dash about …1858 Amer. dial.
– PIROOT AROUND to whirl around; to gambol, to dash about …1858 Amer. dial.
– PITCHPOLE to be upended, to turn a somersault; to gambol …1857 Amer. dial.
GAME – nouns
– ARMY GAME any game of chance played in an aggressive and/or dishonest fashion …1890 US sl.
– CALEEVER a caper, frolic, antic; a hubbub, a noisy game …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– FAD a game, a joke …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– GAMMET fun, frolic, sport; a game, joke, whim, trick …1865 Eng. dial.
– GAMMOCK a game, jest, piece of fun; also, fun, frolic, foolish spot …1819 Eng. dial.
– GAMUT fun, frolic, sport; a game, joke, whim, trick …1865 Eng. dial.
– GAUD † a trick, a prank; often, a device to deceive, a piece of trickery, a pretense; also, a game, sport, or pastime …a1300
– GAWD † a trick, a prank; often, a device to deceive, a piece of trickery, a pretense; also, a game, sport, or pastime …a1300
– LAKE play, amusement, fun; a game …Bk1902 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– LARK a game; a piece of merriment or mischief; a trick …1802 colloq.
– RAPS sports, games, merrymakings …BK1905 Eng. dial.
– TANTREMS pranks, games, jollification …M19 sl.
– YOKE a game, a match; a trial of skill …1812 Sc.
game – person
– BANKER in certain gambling and board games: the person in charge of the bank …1706
– BARNEY FIFE a game show player who nervously pushes his buzzer before he actually thinks of the answer …Bk1997 game show usage
– BASEKEEPER in various children’s games: “it”; the person who must chase or catch the other players …1966 Amer. dial.
– BASEMAN in various children’s games: “it”; the person who must chase or catch the other players …1966 Amer. dial.
– GAMER a participant in a war-game or role-playing game; a player or creator of such games …1969
– GAMESMAN a person who engages in or takes an interest in games or sports …1812
– GAMESTER a player of any game; a participant in or enthusiast for a sport or pastime …1562
– GAMESTRESS a female gamester or gambler ; a woman skilled in games or sports …1651
– GAMSTER † a player in a game …1721 Sc.
game – verbs
– KILL THE CLOCK in a game governed by time: to delay the game near the end when winning …1970 US sl.
game – interjections
– BARLEY! in children’s game: time out! …1890 Amer. dial.
– BARLEY ME! in children’s games: that’s mine! …1956 Amer. dial.
– BARLEY OUT! in children’s games: a call for truce …1917 Amer. dial.
– PARLEY! in children’s games: time out! …1901 Amer. dial.
– PARLEY OUT! in children’s games: time out! …1968 Amer. dial.
GAMEKEEPER – person
– GAMEKEEPER a person employed, esp. on an estate, to manage game birds and animals, prevent poaching, and carry out related duties …1645
– GAME WARDEN a warden charged with the supervision of game and hunting in a particular area; a gamekeeper …1876 orig. US
– GAME-WATCHER a gamekeeper …1894 Sc.
– GAMEY a familiar name for a gamekeeper …1866 Sc.
– GAMIE a gamekeeper …1842 Sc.
– GARDE CHAMPÊTRE a rural policeman; a gamekeeper (French ‘rural guard’) …1814
– GEMKEEPER a gamekeeper …1894 Sc.
– GEMMIE a familiar name for a gamekeeper …1866 Sc.
– LOBS an under-gamekeeper …M19 sl.
– VELVETEEN a gamekeeper, who commonly wore velveteen clothes …1857
– WALKER † a keeper or ranger who had a specified ‘walk’ in the forest; a gamekeeper …1481-90
GAMENESS – nouns
– GAM † gameness, pluck …1888 sl.
GAME SHOW – person
– PASADENA a hopeful contestant whose boring personality or weird behaviour prevents him or her from being chosen for the program …Bk1997 game show usage
GAMESTER – see GAMBLER
GANG – adjectives
– MOB related to a criminal gang or its culture and lifestyle …1940s US sl.
– MOB-HANDED used to denote that someone is part of or accompanied by a large gang …1934 sl. 1998
– ON A MISSION searching for, in pursuit of, performing any gang-related activity, esp. killing members of a rival gang or simply penetrating their territory …1980s US Black gang usage
gang – nouns
– ANIMAL GANG a violent street gang …1936 Irish sl.
– ARMSHOUSE armed gang warfare; a gang fight …1990s UK Black & teen sl.
– BENGAL LANCERS razor gangs …1930s Aust. sl.
– BLOCKBUSTING an attack by one gang who move out of their own territory to invade that of another …1980s US Black sl.
– CARVE-UP a fight; a battle; a gang war …1961 UK sl.
– COURT-IN a ceremonial beating to initiate a new member into a gang …1990 US sl.
– COURT-OUT a ceremonial beating of a person leaving a gang …1990 US sl.
– GANGBANG a fight between youth gangs …1967 US sl.
– HUMBUG a fight, esp. between youth gangs …1962 US sl.
– IN’IT a teenage gang …1990s UK Asian sl.
– LARRIKIN PUSH a street gang …L19 sl., orig. US
– MOB a criminal gang; a gang of ruffians or thugs …L18 sl., orig. US
– NEST a gang, as of thieves …1604 sl.
– PACK a gang …17C cant
– PATCH any form of insignia as worn by criminal or youth gangs, as the Hell’s Angels, US prison gangs, street gangs, etc. …1950s sl., orig. US
– POSSE a gang of Black (esp. Jamaican) youths involved in organized or violent crime, often drug-related …1986 sl., chiefly US
– PULLING a challenge from a gang, or from one of its members …1959 UK Teddy Boys’ sl.
– PUSH a gang of larrikins …1880s Aust. sl.
– RUB-OUT an assassination in gang warfare …1927 sl., orig. US
– SIGNS hand signals showing youth gang affiliation …1993 US sl.
– SKIN FIGHTING a fight between members of rival gangs in which weapons or at least lethal weapons are forbidden …1967 US sl.
– STEAMING youth gang activity involving robbing and escaping en masse …1987 UK sl.
– THIRTEEN a nickname for the Mexican Mafia prison gang …2000 US sl.
– V-8 GANG a youth gang that uses large American cards …1984 NZ sl.
– WIPE-OUT an assassination in gang warfare …1968 sl., orig. US
gang – person (includes GANGSTER) (also see CRIME)
– AARON, THE a criminal, esp. a gang leader …17C sl.
– ACEMAN 1. a leader of a street gang …1953 US sl.
2. a youth gang’s top fighter …1953 US sl.
– BABY a very young gangster …2011 UK Black sl.
– BABY CREW the junior member of a hooligan gang …2002 sl.
– BABY GANGSTER 1. a young member of a youth gang …1989 US sl.
2. a gang member who has yet to commit a murder …2000s US Black & teen sl.
– BAD-JOHN a gangster; an important criminal …1973 UK Black sl.
– BALLPLAYER a member of a gang who picks the safest assignment for himself …Bk1992 criminals’ sl.
– BANGER a gang member …1985 US police & criminals’ sl.
– BATO LOCO a member of a Mexican teen gang; esp. one with a reputation for extra violence, poise, courage, and other attributes of street life …1968 sl.
– BATTLER a thug, a violent gangster …1927 sl.
– B.G. a Baby Gangster, one who is a member of a gang, but has yet to shoot or kill anyone …1992 sl., orig. US Black & teen sl.
– BIG BOY the head of an organized crime syndicate, or some equivalent figure; a gang leader …1928 US criminals’ sl.
– BIG BRAINS a gang leader …Bk1945 criminals’ sl.
– BIG GUN a wealthy person; a gang leader …Bk1945 criminals’ sl.
– BIG GUY the leader of a gang of criminals …1929 criminals’ sl.
– BIG JUICE a White gang-boss; a big-time crook …1971 US Black sl.
– BIG SHOT the leader of a gang of criminals; the head of a gang; a pretentious criminal of no importance …1920 criminals’ sl.
– BIG SPOT the leader of a gang …1930 criminals’ sl.
– BIG SQUEEZE a boss or foreman; an important person; the leader of a gang; the head of any organization …1912 US sl.
– CADET a junior gangster …1960s S. Afr. sl.
– CHUMP a disloyal gang member …1970s US Black sl.
– COOLIE any youth unaffiliated to a street gang …1950s US teen sl.
– DAMBER a man belonging to a criminal gang …M17 criminals’ sl.
– DAWG a fellow youth gang member …2003 US sl.
– DEAD RAG a dead gang member …1980s US Black gang usage
– DEB a female member of a street gang …1940s US teen sl.
– DROOG a young ruffian or an accomplice or henchman of a gang-leader; a thug; a gangster…1962 sl.
– DROOGIE a thug, a gangster …1970s sl.
– DUCHESS a female member of a youth gang …1993 US sl.
– G a gangster; a member of an urban territorial gang …1989 US sl.
– GANEF a thief, a crook; a swindler; a gangster; an amateur pickpocket …1839 criminals’ sl.
– GANGBANGER a member of a criminal or street gang; esp. one who engages in gang violence; a gangster …1930
– GANG BOSS the head of a criminal or street gang …1931
– GANG GIRL a (young) female member of a criminal or street gang …1865
– GANGIE a gang member …2002 NZ sl.
– GANG JACKET one who has been validated as a gang member, i.e. allowed to wear the jacket …Bk2002 criminals’ sl.
– GANG LEADER the head of a criminal or street gang …1963
– GANGLORD a leader of a criminal or street gang …1927
– GANGMAN * a member of a criminal gang, a gangster …1912
– GANGSMAN a member of a criminal gang, esp. one involved in organized crime …1912
– GANGSTA a gangster; a criminal, esp. a member of organized crime or an urban gang …1988 orig. US
– GANGSTA BITCH a woman who associates with a male gang and may participate in its activities …a2002 US Black sl.
– GANGSTA-LETTE a female gang member …2001 US sl.
– GANGSTAMUTHAFUCKA a gangster, esp. one who is considered powerful …1997 UK sl.
– GANGSTER 1. a member of a criminal gang, esp. one involved in organized crime; also, a person who uses illegal means, esp. violence and intimidation, to further his or her ends …1884 orig. US
2. a member of an urban territorial gang …1900 orig. US
– GANGSTER BITCH a female who associates with youth gang members …2001 US sl.
– GANGY a fellow gang member …2002 Aust. sl.
– GANOF a thief, swindler, gangster, or pickpocket …1839 criminals’ sl.
– GEM a member of a rival gang …2017 UK Black sl.
– GENERAL NURSE a gang leader …1612 UK criminals’ sl.
– GENNAUF a thief, swindler, gangster, or pickpocket …1839 criminals’ sl.
– GHETTO STAR a youth gang leader; a leading gangster …1991 US Black gang sl.
– GIRL-DEB a female member of a street gang …1940s US teen sl.
– GOODFELLA a gangster …2003 US sl.
– GOOMBAH a thug; a gangster; spec., a member of an organized crime syndicate, usually the US Mafia …1960s US sl.
– GUMBA a thug; a gangster; spec., a member of an organized crime syndicate, usually the US Mafia …1960s US sl.
– GUN MOLL an armed female thief or other criminal; the female companion of a male gunman or gangster …1908 US sl.
– HAMMER a bodyguard; a thug; a gangster …1928 sl.
– HEAD a gang member …1995 US Black sl.
– HEAD CULLY OF THE PASS a gang boss or top criminal who levies a tax on all games of chance in the area of which he is in control …Bk1776 sl.
– HEAD CULLY OF THE PASSAGE BANK a gang boss or top criminal who levies a tax on all games of chance in the area of which he is in control …Bk1776 sl.
– HEAD SQUEEZE an important person; the leader of a gang; the head of any organization …1966 Amer. dial.
– HEAT-PACKER a gunman; an armed gangster …1949 criminals’ sl.
– HEAVY GUN a gang leader; a senior racketeer; a boss …1949 US criminals’ sl.
– HEAVY GUY a gang leader; a senior racketeer; a boss …1935 US criminals’ sl.
– HIGH CONSTABLE a nickname for the male leader of a 17th century criminal gang …1612 criminals’ sl.
– HIGH SHOT a gang leader …1930 criminals’ sl.
– HIGHBINDER * a violent criminal; a vandal; a gangster; a thug; an unruly or disreputable person; a rowdy person, a rogue; one of a gang which commits outrages on persons and property …1806 US sl.
– HOMEBOY a young Black or Hispanic member of a street gang …1970s US Black sl.
– JABRONEY, JABRONI a low-level gangster – a tough …1921 US sl.
– MAIN SQUEEZE an important person; the leader of a gang; the head of any organization …1896 Amer. sl.
– MOBBER a member of a gang of criminals; a gangster …1961 US colloq.
– MOB GEE a member of a gang …Bk1934 US prison sl.
– MOB-MARKER the member of a gang who spots places to be robbed …Bk1934 US prison sl.
– MOKER the head of a criminal organization; a gang boss …1926 US sl.
– MOKKER the head of a criminal organization; a gang boss …1929 US sl.
– MOOCHER a gangster …1995 US sl.
– MOBSTER a member of a criminal gang …1917 sl., orig. US
– NAN NAN one of a gang of youths who sported straw hats (a nan nan) as their ‘colours’ …L19 Aust. sl.
– OFF-BRAND a rival gangster …1990s US Black gang sl.
– O.G. n. a veteran male member of a street gang, esp. one who commands much respect (Original Gangster) …1988 US criminals’ sl.
– O.G.B.. a real gangster (Original Ghetto Blood) …1980s US Black gang sl.
– ONE OF THE CHAPS a member of one’s own gang or group …1950s UK criminals’ sl.
– PACHOOK (often derogatory) a Mexican-American young person, usually rowdy, tough, sometimes a member of a gang …1990 US
– PAGAN, PAIGON an enemy; a rival gang member …2015 UK Black sl.
– PALOOKA a dishonest gambler or gangster …1934 US criminals’ sl.
– RAG a gang member …1990s US Black sl.
– RAGGAGANGSTA a West Indian/UK Black gangster …1997 UK sl.
– RAGGAGANSTA a West Indian/UK Black gangster …1997 UK sl.
– RAGGASTANI a member of a British Indian (Hindi) urban youth gang or subculture …2006 UK sl.
– RAJAMUFFIN a member of a British Indian (Hindi) urban youth gang or subculture …2006 UK sl.
– RANK a criminal, a gangster …1990s W. Indies & UK Black sl.
– SAN TOY a gang member …1932 UK rhyming sl. for ‘boy’
– SATURDAY GANGSTER a wannabe gangster …1993 Aust. criminals’ sl.
– SCALER one member of the gang who steals another member’s share of the loot …1920 NZ criminals’ sl.
– SCHOOLMAN a fellow member of a gang …M19 sl.
– SKINHEAD a member of a youth fashion and gang movement, characterized by close-cropped or shaven scalp, and smart utilitarian wear, associated with football hooliganism, racist violence, and neo-Nazism …1969 UK
– SKOLLIE, SKOLLY a street thug; a hoodlum; usually a member of a gang …1930s S. Afr. sl.
– STEAMER a member of a youth gang taking part in a steaming attack …1987 UK sl.
– TEARAWAY a minor gangster; a small-time villain …1938 sl.
– TINY a very young member of a youth gang …1981 US sl.
– TINY GANGSTER a young member of a youth gang …1989 US sl.
– U-BOAT a gangster disloyal to his gang chief …1930 UK criminals’ sl.
– VATO a member of a Mexican teen gang …1981 US Hispanic usage
– VETERANO an experienced, respected gang member …1975 US sl.
– WANNABEE a would-be gang member or hanger-on …Bk2002 criminals’ sl.
– WARLORD a gang leader who takes control of gang fights and killings, although not the absolute head of a gang …1972 US prison sl.
– YAKUZA a member of Yamaguchi, an organized criminal group in Japan; a Japanese gangster or racketeer; usually in plural sense …1964
– YARDMAN a Jamaican; a Jamaican gangster …1994 W. Ind. & UK Black teen sl.
– YOOT a teenage hoodlum; a member of a teenage street gang; a juvenile delinquent …1957 Amer. sl.
– YOUT a child; a youth; an immature man; a youth gang member …1949 US criminals’ sl.
– YUT a youth; a youth gang member …1949 US criminals’ sl.
– ZIM-ZIM a member of a politically orientated Black youth gang …1987 S. Afr. sl.
– ZOOT a member of a teenage gang who wears a zoot suit …1978 US sl.
gang – person, other
– GANG WORKER a person who works with gang members, esp. as a social worker …1964
– GIRL-DEB a girl who spends time with a boy’s youth gang, whether or not she is a gang members’ girlfriend …1967 US teen sl.
– QUACKTAIL the girlfriend of a township gangster …1963 S. Afr. sl.
gang – verbs
– CALL IT ON vb. to challenge another gang to a gang fight …1955 US sl.
– CHECK IN to be initiated into a youth gang …1994 US sl.
– DECLARE A GANG to agree to discuss a truce; used of warring youth gangs …1953 US sl.
– EARN ONE’S STRIPES of a young gang member: to commit a crime to advance his status …1990s US Black gang & teen sl.
– GANGBANG. to be an active part of a gang; to battle another gang …1968 US sl.
– GO ON LINE to become part of a gang (criminal or street) …2005 UK sl.
– JUMP OUT to expel from a street gang, a ritual that involves beating up the departing member …1990s US criminals’ sl.
– PATCH UP to become a full gang member …1970s NZ sl.
– SAWEER of a gang member: to keep watch …M18 UK criminals’ sl.
– SCALP to capture the insignia or ‘patch’ of a rival gang member …1990s NZ sl.
– SIDE VALVE to act the gangster …1980s Aust. prison sl.
GANGLING – person
– WALLOP a gangling, supple, loose-limbed person …1887 Sc.
GANGRENE – adjectives
– CANCRENATED †* affected with gangrene …1582
– GANGRENATE †* in a state of gangrene …1634
gangrene – nouns
– GANGRENATION †* a condition of gangrene or mortification …1597
gangrene – verbs
– GANGER † to gangrene, to mortify …1685
GANGRENED – adjectives
– GANGRENATED † gangrened …1582
GANGRENOUS – adjectives
– GANGRENESCENT becoming gangrenous …1828
gangrenous – verbs
– GANGRENATE † to become gangrenous …1753
– GANGRENATE † to make gangrenous …1660
– GANGRENIZE †* to become gangrenous …1597
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