LOW – adjectives
– BAIST † low, despicable …1780 Sc.
– BASE 1. low; of small height …1393 arch.
2. † occupying a low position; low-lying; of lower situation than neighbouring parts …c1440
3. † low, below it’s usual height …1525
– EATHLY † of a person: low in station; mean in character …c1200
– FAUSTY irascible, angry, low, mean, cross; pert, impertinent, impudent, self-important; frisky, mettlesome …1890 Amer. dial.
– FEISTY, FICETY irascible, argumentative, touchy, angry, low, mean, cross; pert, impertinent, impudent, self-important; frisky, mettlesome …1890 Amer. dial.
– FISTY, FYSTY irascible, angry, low, mean, cross; pert, impertinent, impudent, self-important; frisky, mettlesome …1890 Amer. dial.
– HANG-DOG low, degraded; having a base or sneaking appearance; villainous, bad …1677
– HANGING-DOG † low, degraded; having a base or sneaking appearance …1667
– HASKARDLY † vulgar, low, base …1576
– LAIRLY idle, lazy; disagreeable; low, base …1781 Eng. dial.
– LAYERLY idle, lazy; disagreeable; low, base …1781 Eng. dial.
– LEWD † belonging to the lower orders; common, low, vulgar, base …c1380
– LOWDOWN low, esp. socially or morally; degraded …colloq.
– LOWER THAN A SNAKE’S BELLY despicable; very low indeed …1932 Aust. sl.
– MARY ANN(E) vile; low; mean; ugly …1872 Amer. dial.
– ORDINARY † pert. to or characteristic of the common people; common, vulgar; unrefined, low, coarse …1659
– PENNYROYAL low, small-minded …1912 Amer. dial.
– RAFF disreputable, vulgar, low …1823
– RAFFISH disreputable, vulgar; worthless; low; of bad character …1801
– RAFFLE-PACK low, disorderly, of loose habits …BK19C Eng. dial.
– RAG-MANNERED † rude, vulgar, coarse; of low, ill-bred behaviour; aggressively uncouth; very badly mannered …1698 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– SCOOTIE low, worthless in character; scruffy …1882 Sc.
– SCOUTIE-MALOURIE low, worthless in character; scruffy …1969 Sc.
– TINKERLY clumsy, bungling, unskilful; of poor quality; mean, low, disreputable …1586
– UNDERLY * subordinate; inferior, low …1648
– VAGGY debased, low, of evil propensities …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
low – adverbs
– BASELY † in a low position, low down …c1500
low – nouns
– RAG-MANNERS † low, ill-bred behaviour …1731
– TAPINOPHOBY † hatred or dread of everything that is ‘low’ in writing …1772 nonce word
low – person
– ABE an irritable or low woman …Bk1971 Boonville California jargon
– BAG a low and despicable person …20C US sl.
– BEGGAR a term of contempt; a mean or low fellow …a1400
– BESOGNE † a low, vulgar, worthless fellow …1658
– BESOGNIER † a low, vulgar, worthless fellow …1588
– BESOGNIO, BESONIO † a term of contempt for a needy beggar; a base, worthless fellow, a low, vulgar person …a1625
– BESOM a term of reproach or contempt applied to a woman, esp. a woman of loose or slovenly habits; a low woman, a prostitute …1790 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– BEZONIAN † a term of contempt: a needy beggar; a poor wretch; a base fellow; a mean, low person; a knave; a rascal; a scoundrel …1611
– BILDER † a low person …1873 Sc.
– BILGE RAT a wretch; a lowlife …1929 US nautical sl.
– BLADGE a low, coarse, vulgar woman …Bk1855 Eng. dial.
– BOINARD † a fool, a simpleton; a rogue, a rascal, a scoundrel, a low person; a term of reproach …a1300
– BUDZAT a low fellow; a blackguard …Bk1892 Anglo-Indian sl.
– BULKER † a low-lived person …1690 sl.
– BUNTER a low, loose woman …Bk1890 sl.
– CAB MOLL a low woman …Bk1895 Aust. criminals’ sl.
– CAD (offensive) a fellow of low vulgar manners and behaviour …1838 colloq.
– CADDESS a female of low vulgar manners and behaviour …1870 nonce word
– CAT a prostitute or immoral woman; a low woman …1916 Amer. dial., chiefly Black usage
– CHEAPSKATE an unpleasant or despicable person; a low or contemptible person, usually male …1896 US sl.
– DICK-SUCKER (derogatory) a low and despicable male …Bk2006 US sl.
– DIRTBAG a low, worthless person …Bk2006 US sl.
– DIRTY DOG a low and sneaky person …Bk2006 US sl.
– GARLIC-EATER a low fellow, a coward …a1616
– GIMMER † a mistress; a low woman …Bk1888 Eng. dial.
– HAIRY APE a person of a low mental or social type …1931
– HALKARD † a person of low degree …Bk1888
– HALLAN-SHAKER a beggarly knave, a low fellow …1508 Sc.
– HALLION a term of contempt; a low or scurvy fellow; a coarse, idle, worthless fellow; a blackguard; a contemptible person; a good-for-nothing idler; a rascal, a clown, a clumsy fellow …1787 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– HANG-DOG a low, mean, base fellow, fit only to be the hangman of curs …1693
– HANGMAN a term of reproach; a low, disreputable character; a reprobate; a ruffian …1553
– HARLOT † a vagabond, a vagrant; a beggar, a rogue, a rascal, a villain, a low fellow, a knave …a1225
– HASKARD, HASKERD † (derogatory) a man of low degree or social status; a base or vulgar fellow …c1487
– HASTARD †* a person of low degree or social status …c1489
– HAVEL(L) † a term of abuse or contempt applied to a man; a low fellow …a1500
– HAWVELLE † a term of abuse or contempt applied to a man; a low fellow …a1500
– JACK-COVE a mean, low fellow …1859 sl.
– JAVEL † a low or worthless fellow; a rascal, a vagabond; a wandering, dirty fellow; a tramp …a1300
– JURR a low or worthless woman …a1796 Sc.
– KAVEL † a low, mean fellow …1706 Sc.
– KEELIE a low or vulgar boy; a street-loafer or rough; a ruffian …1863 Sc.
– LOREL † a worthless person; a dissolute person; a low, disreputable fellow; a rogue, a scoundrel …1362
– MACAROON a coarse, rude, low fellow …Bk1790
– MAGGOT a loathsome or despicable person; a lowlife …1680 sl.
– MONK a low or vulgar fellow …1887 UK sl.
– MUDLARK an urchin of very low character …L19 colloq.
– NAUGHTY-PACK † a person of low or worthless character …1526
– NEETY-CUD a low fellow who commits mean actions …1824 Sc.
– PACK † a person of low or worthless character …1725 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– PAGE † a male person of the ‘lower orders’, or of low condition or manners; an inferior person; a term of contempt …a1300
– PAIK a low character; a deceptive fellow …1825 Sc.
– PAKE a low character; a deceptive fellow …1899 Sc.
– PALLIARD, PALLYARD † a person of bad character; a low or dissolute knave; a scoundrel; a lewd or lecherous person; a debauched person …1567 arch.
– PAWCHLE a frail old person; also, a person of low stature, rather silly …1824 Sc.
– PUNTAM a lively person, esp. a woman of low stature …Irish sl.
– RAAG an idle lounging person; a low, worthless person; a vagabond; a rake …Bk1866 Sc.
– RABSCALLION a low, worthless fellow; a wild, reckless person; a rascal; a knave; a rogue; a vagabond; a scamp; a ne’er-do-well …1699
– RAFF a low, disorderly person; a vulgar worthless person …1785
– RAFFLE a low fellow; an idle vagabond …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– RAG a low, worthless person …Bk1905 Sc.
– RAGABASH an idle, worthless, or disreputable fellow; a low rascal; an idle vagabond; a scoundrel; a ragamuffin …1609 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– RAGGABRASH an idle, worthless fellow; a low rascal; an idle vagabond; a ragamuffin …1609 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– RAGGELT a person of low character; a wicked and abandoned wretch …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– RASCALLION * a low, mean or worthless wretch or rascal; a rogue, a knave …1649
– REEPAN † a very lean person or animal; a low wretch …1824 Sc.
– RIFF-RAFF a low, disreputable person; the rabble, the mob …1836 Sc. & Eng. dial. & sl.
– ROUGH SCRUFF a low, coarse, rough, or disreputable person; a ruffian …1814 orig. US
– SCAB a term of abuse; a mean, low scurvy fellow; an unpleasant or despicable man; a mean or contemptible person; a rascal, a scoundrel, a rogue …1590
– SCHEISSPOT a person of low character …L20 Cockneys’ sl.
– SHAG a low, rascally fellow …1620
– SHAG-RAG a ragged, disreputable person; a low rascally fellow …L16 sl.
– SKATE a low, mean contemptible person; one who does not pay his debts; a reprobate …1896 Amer. dial.
– SLEAZOID a person of low character …1986 US sl.
– SLUMGULLION a low, worthless fellow …B1900 Amer.
– SNAPHANCE † a woman of low character …a1625
– SPALPEEN a disagreeable, miserable, or contemptible person; a low, mean, or good-for-nothing fellow; a worthless person; a rogue, a rascal, a scamp …1815 Irish
– SUCCUBUS a strumpet, a whore; a term of abuse for low woman …1622
– SUCKER a greenhorn; a mean, low fellow …1758 sl.
– TAG-RAG * the rabble; the riff-raff; the common people; a member of the rabble; a low or despicable person; a pitiful, ragged fellow; a slovenly, lazy or dirty fellow; a mean person; a vagabond …1609
– TRAFFLE a person of low or mean character …Bk1905 Sc.
– VARLET a person of a low, mean, or knavish disposition; a have, a rogue, a rascal …1555
– YAMOO a low or degraded person …Bk1895 Aust. criminals’ sl.
– YAP a low person unworthy of his position …Bk1913-17 Amer. dial.
low – verbs
– BELOW † to make low or lowly; to humble; to demean …1377 obs. rare exc. Sc.
LOW-BORN, LOW-BRED – adjectives
– VERNACULOUS † low-bred, scurrilous …1605
– WAFF low-born, ignoble, without pedigree or honourable connections …1815 Sc.
low-born, low-bred – person
– ‘ARRY AND ‘ARRIET a typical costermonger and his, or any, coster lass; hence, any low-bred and lively (esp. if not old) man and woman …c1870 colloq.
– GADLING † a term of reproach; a base, low-born person …1297
– GUTTER-BLOOD a base-born or low-bred person; one of the rabble …1818 Sc.
– GUTTER-CHILD a child such as haunts the street gutters, one of low birth or breeding …1870
– JACK † a man of the common people; a lad, a fellow; a chap; a low-bred or ill-mannered fellow; a knave …1548
– MIDDEN-CROW a low-bred person …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
LOW-CLASS – adjectives
– BAG-BLIND socially contemptible, very low-class, slum-dwelling …20C W. Indies sl.
– BASE low in the social scale, of lowly condition, plebeian; belonging to the ‘lower orders’ …1490 arch.
– CASS-CASS untidy, disreputable, inferior, low-class …20C W. Indies
– COPPER-TAILED designating a person belonging to the lower classes of society …1890 Aust. sl.
– ONE-GALLOWS of people: rustic, poor; low-class; hence, typical of such people …1882 Amer. dial.
– ONE-GALLUS of people: rustic, poor; low-class; hence, typical of such people …1899 Amer. dial.
– ONE-GALLUSED of people: rustic, poor; low-class; hence, typical of such people …1904 Amer. dial.
– PELADO low-class …1848 Amer. dial.
low-class – nouns
– RAFF the rabble; the rag-tag; the lowest class of the populace …1673
– RASCAL † collectively, the rabble of an army or of the populace; common soldiers or camp-followers; persons of the lowest class …c1330 obs. exc. arch.
– RASCALDRY †* 1. the rabble, the lowest class …1470
†* 2. the character or condition of one of the lowest class …1600
– RASCALITY the rabble; persons of the lowest class …a1577
– RIBBLE-RASH rabble; low, disorderly people …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
– TAG † the rabble; the lowest class of people …1607 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– TAG AND RAG † the rabble, the lower classes; an assemblage of people held in small esteem; everybody; all and any …c1535 obs.
– TAG, RAG, AND BOBTAIL a contemptuous term for a number of persons of various sorts and conditions, all, and sundry, esp. of the lower classes …1645
– TAG, RAG, AND BOBTAILRY a contemptuous term for a number of persons of various sorts and conditions, all, and sundry, esp. of the lower classes …1858
– TAG, RAG, AND LONGTAIL a contemptuous term for a number of persons of various sorts and conditions, all, and sundry, esp. of the lower classes …1719
– TAG, RAG, AND RASCALITY a contemptuous term for a number of persons of various sorts and conditions, all, and sundry, esp. of the lower classes …1701
low-class – person
– BEGGAR-TRASH someone thought to be low-class, worthless, or insignificant …1939 Amer. dial.
– BOGAN (depreciative) a young lout; an unfashionable, uncouth, or unsophisticated person, esp. regarded as being of low social status …1984 Aust. sl.
– BUNGO-BESSY a boorish low-class woman …1940s W. Indies
– COPPERTAIL the ordinary or average person; one belonging to the lower classes of society …1890 Aust. sl.
– DAM a term applied to women of the lowest rank …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– DIRT an insignificant or low-class person …1968 Amer. dial.
– DIRT-EATER (usually derogatory) one who eats clay; hence, a poor or low-class person …1840 Amer. dial.
– GUTTERLING a person bred in the gutter; a person of low social status …1846
– GUTTER-SNIPE a child brought up ‘in the gutter’; one of the lowest class; an urchin …c1869
– HALARI a low-class woman given to fighting …20C W. Indies sl.
– HAMMER KNOCKER a rustic; someone considered uncouth or low-class …1986 Amer. dial.
– HAWNYOCK an inexperienced or ignorant person; a hick; a low-class or insignificant person …1943 Amer. dial.
– HUSSY, HUZZY formerly: a woman; a lass; hence, a strong country woman; a woman of low social status; also, a disreputable woman of improper behaviour, or of light or worthless character; a badly-behaved, pert, or mischievous girl …1647
– KABA-KABA a low-class, worthless, rough person …20C W. Indies sl.
– LINTHEAD (derogatory) a cotton-mill worker; hence, a low-class White person; a hillbilly; an insignificant person …1933 Amer. dial.
– MALKIN † used as a female personal name; typically applied to a woman of the lower classes …c1275 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– MAWKIN † used as a female personal name; typically applied to a woman of the lower classes …c1275 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– MOLLEY, MOLLY a girl, a woman, esp. a lower-class one; a prostitute …1706 now chiefly Irish English
– MOLLISHER a woman; a low-class girl or woman; one living in concubinage; a female cohabiting with a man, who jointly get their living by thieving; a thief’s mistress; a wife …1812 sl.
– MUDSILL a person of the lowest possible social class …US Civil War usage
– OICK, OIK a low-class fellow …L19 schools’ sl.
– PIKEY (derogatory) a member of the underclass …Brit. sl.
– PINEY-WOODS CRACKER a poor or low-class person …1872 Amer. dial.
– PINEY-WOOD TACKEYS a poor or low-class person …1888 Amer. dial.
– PLEB a lower-class person …1865 sl.
– PLEBBIE, PLEBBY a lower-class person …1962
– POOR BARKER a low-class, poor White person …1890 Amer. dial.
– POOR BUCKRA a low-class, poor White person …1836 Amer. dial.
– PROLE a lower-class person …1887 sl.
– RABBLE persons of the lowest class …1726
– TACKEY, TACKIE, TACKY a low-class White person …1836 Amer. dial.
– TALENT persons of the lowest class …1882 Aust. sl.
– TIB † formerly, a typical name for a woman of the lower classes; a common woman …1533
– TRUNDLE-BED TRASH a low-class, shiftless person or group; very young, worthless people just married …1850 Amer. dial.
– WHITE TRASH the poor White population of the Southern States of America, and hence, contemptuously, a low-class White person; the class of such people …1824 Amer. dial.
– YARD APE a poor, low-class White person, White trash …2003 Amer. dial.
– YELLOWHAMMER (derogatory) a low-class White person …2000 Amer. dial.
low-class – verbs
– SLUM to descend to the level of the lower classes …1928 sl.
– SLUM IT to descend to the level of the lower classes …1928 sl.
LOW-DOWN – adjectives
– FUNKY-ASS deserving of contempt; worthless, low-down …1967 US sl.
low-down – person
– SCUMBAG a low-down, base, despicable person …1971 sl.
LOWER – adjectives
– NEDDHERMER lower …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– NETHER lower …1790 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– NETHERMORE * nether, lower, inferior …1382
lower – adverbs
– ABLOW below, beneath, lower down …1897 Sc.
– ADOWN † 1. in a lower place …c1000
2. † to a lower condition or state …c1175
– NETHER † lower, lower down …c888
– NETHERMORE † lower or further down …c1480
– UNDERLY † at a lower level …1671
lower – prepositions
– ABLOW on the lower side or part of; lower down in…1885 Sc.
lower – nouns
– DECLINATION † a sinking into a lower position; descent towards setting …1503
– NETHERER † the lower parts …a1340
– NETHERMORE †* the lower parts …1382
lower – verbs
– BAISE to lower, to lay low …1871 Sc. arch.
– BAIZE to lower, to lay low …1871 Sc. arch.
– BASE † to lower, to bring, cast, or lay down …c1375
– DEBATE † to abate; to beat down, to bring down, to lower, to reduce, to lessen, to diminish …c1450
– DECLINE † to lower, to bring down, to depress, to bring low, to degrade, to debase …a1400-50
– DEDEIGN † to lower …1536 Sc.
– EVEN to bring down to a level, to lower, to demean …1660 Sc.
– RAISE DOWN to lower …1970 Amer. dial.
– VAIL to lower (a weapon, banner, etc.); to cause or allow to descend or sink …c1330 now arch.
LOWERED – adjectives
– BASED † lowered …1592
LOWERING – nouns
– BATE † depression, lowering …1686
– DEMISSION † a lowering, putting or bending down …1708
LOWEST – adjectives
– NEATHMOST lowest, undermost …1790 Sc.
– NETHEMEST † lowest, undermost, furthest down …c888
– NETHEREST † lowest, undermost …a1300
– NETHERMOST lowest, undermost, furthest down …a1300
– NETHMOST lowest …1790 Sc.
– NEWMOST lowest; nethermost …1742 Sc.
lowest – nouns
– IMIT lowest point …1885 nonce word
– NETHERMOST the lowest part …1838 Eng. dial.
LOW-GRADE – adjectives
– CHEESY low-grade, inferior, worthless; cheap, stingy …1863 Amer.
– SHITTY disgusting, contemptible; low-grade, degrading …1879 sl.
low-grade – person
– POCHUCKER an insignificant person; a low-grade person …1968 Amer. dial.
LOW-LIFE – person
– SCABBERT a low-lifed, scabby-minded individual …1824 Sc.
LOWLINESS – nouns
– BUXOMNESS † obedience; submissiveness; lowliness, humility …c1175
LOWLY – adjectives
– HEAN † mean, abject, poor; humble, lowly; abased, ignoble; miserable, wretched, dejected, humiliated; of little importance, trivial …c825
– HENE † mean, abject, poor; humble, lowly; abased, ignoble; miserable, wretched, dejected, humiliated; of little importance, trivial …c825
– HUMILE † humble, lowly …c1470 chiefly Sc.
– SILLY † of humble rank or state; lowly …a1568
lowly – nouns
– SIMPLESSE † poor or lowly condition; also, lack of elegance or refinement; plainness of dress, etc. …1390 obs. exc arch.
LOW-MINDED – adjectives
– MEAN ENOUGH TO SUCK EGGS base, low-minded; used of men and dogs …Bk1914 Amer. dial.
low-minded – person
– SCALBERT † a low-minded, evil-living person …1824 Sc.
LOW-NECKED – adjectives
– DECOLOURED †* cut low in the neck; low-necked …c1430
LOW-SPIRITED – adjectives
– BEDDED dull, heavy, in low spirits, worn out …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– BEDEAD dull, heavy, in low spirits, worn out …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– BLUE depressed, low-spirited, sad, sorrowful, dismayed, downcast …a1450
– DAFFISH † low-spirited …1470-85 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– DAPOCAGINOUS † that has a little or narrow heart; mean-spirited, low-spirited, heartless, of little worth …1674
- DAWLED low-spirited, down-hearted …1790 Eng. dial.
– GLUMPY glum, sullen, sulky, morose, gloomy; ill-tempered, low-spirited, grumpy …1780 chiefly Eng. dial.
– HEAVYSOME low-spirited, dull, drowsy …1790 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– MEAN unwell, in low spirits …M19 US sl.
– NAZY, NAZZY peevish, ill-tempered, irritable, cross; low-spirited …1878 Eng. dial.
– VAPOURED suffering from nervous depression; low-spirited …1670
– VAPOURISH inclined to depression or low-spirits …1716-20
– VAPOURY * inclined to depression or low spirits …1771
low-spirited – person
– MOPE a person who mopes; someone given to prolonged spells of gloom or dejection; a low-spirited, listless, melancholy person …1693
low-spirited – verbs
– FEEL FLAT to be low-spirited, out of sorts …1838 Amer. sl.
LOW SPIRITS – nouns
– BLUE DEVILS. melancholy, depression, low spirits, the blues …1810 Amer. dial.
– BLUES, THE depression of spirits, despondency …1807 colloq.
– DISMALS a melancholy mood; the blues, gloom, low spirits …1777 Amer. dial.
– GLOOMS low spirits, the blues …1968 Amer. dial.
– KATZENJAMMERS low spirits after drinking …Bk1942 Amer. sl.
– MOPES, THE low spirits
LOW-TONED – adjectives
– UNDERBREATH low-toned, whispered …1853
LOYAL – adjectives
– ACE-HIGH of an inmate: loyal, trustworthy, popular among his peers …1930s sl., orig. US prison
– LAWFUL † observant of law or duty; law-abiding, faithful, loyal …c1375
– LEAL † loyal, faithful, honest, true, upright, sincere …a1300 obs. exc. Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– LEWTIFULL † faithful, loyal; upright, honourable …1563 Sc
- SOLID loyal, staunch; esp. used among criminals …1950 Aust. sl.
loyal – person
– YARD DOG a loyal but mediocre companion …1959 US Black sl.
loyal – phrases
– UNTIL THE WHEELS FALL OFF until a prison clique disbands; ultimately loyal …1989 US sl.
LOYALLY – adverbs
– FAITHLY † with fidelity; faithfully, loyally, steadfastly, truthfully …c1325
– LAWFULLY † loyally, faithfully …c1500
– LEAL † loyally, faithfully …a1300 obs. exc. Sc.
– LEALLY loyally, faithfully, truly …a1300
LOYALTY – nouns
– FASTNESS † fidelity, loyalty, firm adherence …c1577
– FAYFULLY † in a faithful manner, loyally, reliably …a1400
– LEALNESS * faithfulness, loyalty …1882
– LEALTY † faithfulness, loyalty …1860 obs. exc. arch.
LOW – adjectives