REFEREE – NOUNS
– THE NOD the referee’s and judge’s affirmative decision …c1920 Amer. sl.
REFEREE – NOUNS, PERSON
– ZEBE a referee, umpire, or other official who typically wears a black and white striped top …1984 Amer. colloq.
– ZEBRA a referee, umpire, or other official who typically wears a black and white striped top …1972 Amer. colloq.
REFERENCE – NOUNS
– CHARACTERS one’s references, as regards employment …20C colloq.
– QUOTATION a marginal reference to a passage in a book …1532 obs.
– QUOTE a marginal reference; a note …1600 obs.
REFERENCE – VERBS
– QUOTE to mark a book with numbers (as of chapters, etc.), or with marginal references to other passages or works …1387 obs. rare
– QUOTE to give the reference to a passage in a book by specifying the page, chapter, etc. where it is to be found …1574 obs.
REFINE, REFINED, REFINEMENT – ADJECTIVES
– ABRODIETICAL over-refined or self-indulgent, esp. in regard to diet; feeding or eating daintily; delicate, fastidious, finicky …1625 obs. rare
- GENTILITATE having gentle, refined, or polished manners, well-mannered …1632 obs. rare
– PISS-ELEGANT affectedly refined, pretentious, precious; also, cheaply showy or flashy in dress or appearance …1941 sl.
– RANCY-TANCY fancy, refined …1950s Aust. rhyming sl.
REFINE etc. – NOUNS
– PISS-ELEGANCE the state of being affectedly refined or pretentious …1971 sl.
– PRECIOSITY fastidious or carefully affected refinement, as in language, style, or taste …1350
REFINE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– ABRODIETICAL a person of over-refined or self-indulgent tastes; a delicate person, a dainty eater …1623 obs. rare
– MISS-WOMAN a refined, accomplished young woman, either married or single …1953 Amer. dial.
REFINE etc. – PHRASES
– CAVIAR TO THE GENERAL something too refined to be generally appreciated …Bk1999
REFINE etc. – VERBS
– AESTHETICIZE to render aesthetic, or agreeable to a refined taste; to refine …1864
– DECRASSIFY to divest of what is crass, gross, or material; to purify, to refine …1855 rare
REFLECT, REFLECTING, REFLECTION (thought) – NOUNS
– ADVISEMENT the process of viewing or considering mentally; thought, thinking, consideration, reflection, deliberation …1330 obs.
– BACK-THOCHT a reflection, suspicion …1927 Sc.
– BETHINKING the act of thinking, considering, reflecting, or remembering …1340
REFLECT etc. (thought) – VERBS
– ADVISE to bethink oneself; to take thought, to consider, to reflect …1297 obs.
– BETHINK to consider, to reflect, to meditate, to think …c1300 arch.
– SCANCE to reflect on, to consider …1787 Sc.
– UMTHINK to bethink, to consider, to reflect …a1300 obs.
– UNDERCAST to consider, to reflect …1489 obs.
REFLECTION (light, heat, etc.) – NOUNS
– EYE-BABY the reflection of a person in another’s eye …1869 obs. rare
– JACK A DANDY a light thrown by the reflection of the sun on a looking-glass or other bright surface, on to a wall or ceiling …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– JACK A-MAKING PANCAKES a light thrown by the reflection of the sun on a looking-glass or other bright surface, on to a wall or ceiling …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– JACK-WEAVER the coloured dancing reflection of sunlight cast by a swinging prism …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– SCAD any colour slightly or obliquely seen as by reflection; the reflection itself; a faint gleam …1804 Sc.
– SCAIRY a shadow, reflection …1899 Sc.
– SKERRY a shadow, reflection …1899 Sc.
– SUN-GLADE a beam or track of sunlight, esp. the track of reflected sunlight on water …1849
– UMBER reflection …c1407 obs.
REFORM, REFORMED – ADJECTIVES
– DEAD being no longer a tramp or criminal; reformed …1899 Amer. sl.
REFORM etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– MUMPSIMUS one who obstinately adheres to old ways, in spite of the clearest evidence that they are wrong; an ignorant or bigoted opponent of reform …1530 obs.
REFORM etc. – VERBS
– BEET to bring into better state, to put right, to correct, to amend, to reform faults, evil ways, etc.; to make good misdeeds …c950 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– CHANGE UP to reform, to do better …1905 Amer. dial.
– TAKE UP to restrain oneself; to reform, to mend one’s ways …1613 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– TURN OVER THE NEXT LEAF to adopt a different (now always a better) line of conduct …1577-87 obs.
– TURN THE LEAF to adopt a different (now always a better) line of conduct …1577-87 obs.
– UPTAKE ONESELF to reform …1863 Sc.
REFORMATORY, REFORM SCHOOL – NOUNS
– GAMMONING ACADEMY a reformatory for juvenile criminals …1889 UK criminals’ sl. obs.
– LITTLE SCHOOL a juvenile reformatory …1920s US criminals’ sl.
– SCHOOLING a term of confinement in a reformatory …L19 sl.
REFORMATORY – NOUNS, PERSON
– P.K. the principal keeper at a reformatory …20C UK sl.
REFRACTORY – ADJECTIVES
– HINKY refractory; stubborn …1987 Amer. sl.
– ILL-TWARTENED cross-grained, refractory …1929 Sc.
– OBSTRAPULOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate …1830 Sc.
– OBSTROPALOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate … c1725
– OBSTROPILOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate …1830 Eng. dial.
– OBSTROPOLOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate …1748
– OBSTROPULOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate …1815 Eng. & Amer. dial.
– OPSTROPOLOUS obstreperous; unmanageable, unruly; refractory, obstinate …1830 Eng. dial.
– RAFFATORY refractory, stubborn, unmanageable …1881 Eng. dial.
– RAFFERTORY refractory, stubborn, unmanageable …1881 Eng. dial.
– REFERTORY refractory, stubborn, unmanageable …1881 Eng. dial.
– REFFATORY refractory, stubborn, unmanageable …1881 Eng. dial.
– RIPTORIOUS uproarious, refractory …1866 Eng. dial.
REFRACTORY – NOUNS, PERSON
– BUCKIE; BUCKY a perverse or refractory person; a mischievous or lively boy …1719 Sc.
- ONMARK a troublesome or refractory person or animal …Bk1905 Sc.
REFRAIN (music) – NOUNS
– LILLYLOO a lullaby; a refrain, a song …1818 Sc.
REFRAIN, REFRAINING (stop) – ADJECTIVES
– ABSTEMIOUS abstinent, refraining, sparing (with regard to other things than food) …1610 rare
– ABSTENTIOUS characterized by abstinence; self-restraining or refraining …1879
REFRAIN etc. (stop) – NOUNS
– ABSTAINMENT the act of keeping from or refraining …1859 rare
– ABSTENTION the act of keeping oneself back, abstaining, or refraining …1624-47
REFRAIN etc. (stop) – VERBS
– FORFEND to check, to refrain, to withhold …1382 obs.
– LET to check or withhold oneself; to desist, to refrain …c1374 obs.
– TAKE THE CURE to give up something; to refrain from doing something …20C US sl.
REFRESH, REFRESHED, REFRESHING – ADJECTIVES
– CALLER AS A KAIL-BLADE as refreshing and cool as possible …1790 Sc.
– REFRISCATIVE that refreshes, refreshing …1582 obs. rare
– UP-MADE elated; renewed, refreshed; freed from pain …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
REFRESH etc. – NOUNS
– SAUCE that which refreshes or invigorates …a1500
REFRESH etc. – VERBS
– CALLER to freshen, to cool, to refresh …1817 Sc.
– REFICIATE to restore, refresh …1657 obs.
REFRESHMENT – ADJECTIVES
– BAITLESS without food, without refreshment …1600 rare
REFRESHMENT – NOUNS
– BAIT food, refreshment; a feed for horses, or slight repast for travellers, upon a journey; light refreshment taken between meals …1570
– BAITING the act of taking wayside refreshment or of giving food to horses upon a journey …c1440
– BAITING the place at which, or occasion when, a halt is made for refreshment on a journey …1475
– BAITING-TIME time for refreshment …1886 Eng. dial.
– BAVER slight refreshment taken between meals either at 11 a.m. or 4 p.m.; occasionally applied also to a regular meal …1691 Eng. dial.
– BEAVER slight refreshment taken between meals either at 11 a.m. or 4 p.m.; occasionally applied also to a regular meal …1691 Eng. dial.
– BEVER-TIME an interval allowed for refreshment, in the morning and afternoon …1859 Eng. dial.
– BUVETTE a refreshment bar or room …1774
– EASEMENT refreshment by food and repose; hence, comfortable accommodation, food and lodging …c1400 obs.
– LEMON TIME a break for rest and light refreshment …20C Brit. railway sl.
– OASIS in motor racing: a refreshment stand …1965 US sl.
– REAR-BIT refreshment taken between breakfast and dinner …1892 Eng. dial.
– VESPER an afternoon or evening meal or refreshment …1882 Amer. dial.
REFRIGERATOR – NOUNS
– BOX a refrigerator …1978 Amer. sl.
– REEFER a refrigerator; a refrigerated railway wagon …1914 US sl.
– TOWER a refrigerator …1992 UK rhyming sl. for ‘fridge’ (Tower Bridge)
– TOWER BRIDGE a refrigerator …1992 UK rhyming sl. for ‘fridge’
REFUGE – NOUNS
– BAST sanctuary, refuge, asylum …1894
– BIEL a shelter, refuge; a home, house; anything that shelters or shades …Bk1911 Sc.
– BIELD shelter, refuge; also, a house, any object with shelters …1725 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– FUNK-HOLE a hiding place or refuge …1900 sl.
– HAIN a haven, a place of refuge …1890 Sc.
– HARBOUR a place of shelter or sojourn; lodgings, quarters, resting-place; a place of entertainment, an inn; a place of refuge, asylum …c1300 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– LEIND a hiding-place, a refuge …a1300 obs.
– LEND a hiding-place, a refuge …a1300 obs.
– NEST a snug retreat or refuge; a resting place; home
– STRAWYARD a shelter, asylum or refuge for the destitute …1851-61 tramps’ sl.
– SUBTERFUGE a place to which a person escapes; a retreat, refuge …1616 obs.
– SUCCOUR shelter, protection; a place of shelter; a sheltered place; a refuge …a1300 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– TO-FLIGHT a shelter, a refuge …a1300 obs. rare
REFUGE – VERBS
– TAKE WATER to retreat, to back down, to take refuge; to retract a statement …1853 Amer. dial.
REFUGEE – NOUNS, PERSON
– BASTI a refugee …1913
– D.P. displaced person; a person driven from their home by war and cared for in refugee camps …World War II Amer. sl.
– RAFTER a Cuban refugee who arrives in Florida after a journey on a raft …1990s US sl.
– REFFO a European refugee, esp. one who left Germany or German-occupied Europe before World War II …1941 Aust. sl.
REFUND – VERBS
– EMBURSE to pay, to refund …1721 rare
– IMBURSE to pay, to refund …1721 rare
REFURBISH, REFURBISHED – NOUNS
– VAMP anything patched up or refurbished; a patchwork; a book of this nature …1884
REFURBISH etc. – VERBS
– GUSSY UP to refurbish, to renovate; to polish …20C Amer. sl.
– REPLENISH to refurbish, to cleanse anew …1891 Sc.
REFUSAL, REFUSE, REFUSING – ADJECTIVES
– ABNUTIVE negative; implying denial or refusal …a1682 obs. rare
– DECLINATORY that declines; expressing refusal …1673
– NAYLESS accepting no refusal …a1618 obs. rare
– NEGATORY expressing denial or refusal; denying; negative …1580
– RECUSATIVE that tends to refuse or prohibit; denying, refusing, negative …1660 obs. rare
REFUSAL etc. – INTERJECTIONS & PHRASES
– ACK! No! refusal of a request …Bk1921 sl.
– ASK ME ARSE! used when refusing to cooperate or when withholding information …1991 Irish sl.
– ASK ME BOLIX! used when refusing to cooperate or when withholding information …1991 Irish sl.
– ASK ME LEFT ONE! used when refusing to cooperate or when withholding information …1991 Irish sl.
– ASK ME SACK! used when refusing to cooperate or when withholding information …1991 Irish sl.
– DAMN A HORSE IF I DO! a strong refusal or rejection …c1820 colloq.
– DAMN ME FOR A HORSE IF I DO! an exclamation implying one’s absolute refusal to do something …E19 sl.
– I’LL BE PICK-AXED! a strong expression of denial or refusal …1910s Aust. sl.
– I’LL SEE YOU FURTHER FIRST a strong form of refusal …1873
– NO SIR used for registering a strong refusal or denial …1856 US
– NOSSIR used for registering a strong refusal or denial …1856 US
– NOT GIVE THE STEAM OF YOUR PISS expresses an absolute refusal to give or be generous …2000 UK sl.
– NOT GIVE THE STEAM OFF YOUR TURDS expresses an absolute refusal to give or be generous …2000 UK sl.
– NOT LIKELY! used for registering refusal …1893 UK sl.
– NOT ON YOUR LIFE! used for registering emphatic refusal or denial …1896 US sl.
– NOT ON YOUR NELLY! used as an absolute denial, refusal, or rejection …1941 UK rhyming sl. (not on your Nellie Duff for puff (breath, hence life))
– THEN WANT MUST BE YOUR MASTER used in refusing a demand expressed by “I want ___ ____” …1828
REFUSAL etc. – NOUNS
– DECLENSION the act of declining; courteous refusal …1817 rare
– DECLINAL the act of declining; courteous refusal …1837 rare
– DECLINATION the withholding of acceptance; non-acceptance, modest or courteous refusal …1612-5 obs. exc. Sc.
– DECLINATURE the act of declining or refusing; courteous refusal …1842
– DECLINEMENT the act of declining or refusing; courteous refusal …1680 obs. rare
– HARD WORD important or scandalous information; a hint; a password; a proposal; a refusal …1843 chiefly Eng. dial.
– ICE MITT a rejection or refusal; a snub; a cold or hostile reception …1935 Amer. dial.
– ICE PITCHER ‘the cold shoulder’; a snub; refusal to recognize and acquaintance …1900 Amer. dial.
– ICY MITT the cold shoulder; a cold or hostile reception; a show of deliberate indifference or disregard; a rejection or refusal; a snub …1907
– ICY MITTEN a rejection or refusal; a snub; a cold or hostile reception …1897 Amer. dial.
– JACK-UP a dispute; a refusal to participate or cooperate, esp. with the authorities …1945 Aust. sl.
– NAY-SAY refusal, denial …1631
– NAYWORD refusal …1898 rare
– NEGATIVE the capacity of refusal …1632 obs. rare
– REFUSE a refusal; the option of refusing an offer …1881 Eng. dial.
– SHUT-DOOR a rejection, a refusal …2001 UK sl.
REFUSAL etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– DECLINATOR one who declines or refuses; a dissentient …1606 obs.
– NAY-SAYER refuser …1721 rare
– SAYER NAY a person who refuses …1876 Eng. dial.
REFUSAL etc. – VERBS
– BIFF to refuse; to repulse …1895 US students’ sl.
– BOW ONE’S BACK to refuse to do a job …1958 Amer. dial.
– BOW UP to get mad; to turn mean; to refuse to do a job …1958 Amer. dial.
– BREAK to disappoint, to deny, to refuse …Bk1911 Sc.
– CLOSE ONE’S MIND to refuse to consider something, often unreasonably …Bk1999
– DAFT-MAN to refuse a person peremptorily or vigorously or to take no notice of him …1928 tailors’ sl.
– DIG ONE’S HEELS IN to refuse stubbornly to move or be persuaded …colloq.
– DISANNUL to forbid, to hinder, to refuse …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– FAIN to forbid, to refuse; to claim a truce …1870 Eng. dial.
– GAINSAY to refuse …c1330 rare
– JACK UP to refuse to do something; to refuse to cooperate or participate …1898 Aust.
– KECK to refuse with disdain; to be fastidious …Bk1901 Eng. dial.
– NAIT to refuse, to deny …c1374 obs. rare
– NAY to refuse to do something …a1300 obs. rare
– NAY to give a refusal to a person …a1592 obs. exc. arch.
– NAY-SAY to refuse …1773 Eng. dial. & arch.
– NICK WITH NAY to deny; to disappoint by denying; to meet one with a refusal …1350
– RELUCTATE to strive against, to refuse, to reject …1681 rare
– RENEAGUE to withdraw from an engagement; to jilt; to refuse; to deny …1790 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– SCONCE to refuse, to neglect, to shirk …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
– SNORT to be enraged at a thing; to refuse to do a thing …Bk1892 Aust. sl.
– TAKE A BYE to refuse or decline to act or participate in something …20C US sl.
– TARROW AT to feel or display reluctance; to show disdain or hesitation, to be pettishly unwilling to accept, to spurn, to refuse …1768 Sc.
– WAIVE to refuse or reject something offered …c1386 obs.
– WARN to refuse or deny a thing to a person; to refuse to grant …c897 obs.
– WARN to refuse to take or accept …c1300 obs.
REFUSE (rubbish) – ADJECTIVES
– BAGGAGE rubbishy, refuse …1548 obs.
– CAGMAG unwholesome, decaying, refuse …1859 Eng. dial. or vulgar
– OFFALDY of the nature of refuse; rubbishy, worthless …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– OFFALING of the nature of refuse; rubbishy, worthless …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– QUISQUILIAN of the nature of rubbish or refuse …1716 obs. rare
– QUISQUILIARY of the nature of rubbish or refuse …1817 obs. rare
– QUISQUILIOUS of the nature of rubbish or refuse …1802-12 rare
REFUSE (rubbish) – NOUNS
– ABJECTION that which is cast off or away; refuse, scum, dregs …1447 obs.
– AVELINS refuse, the useless portion of any material; what is left over or rejected …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
– BAGGAGE rubbish, refuse, dirt …1549 obs.
– BELLY-MUCK refuse, rubbish …1844 Eng. dial.
– BRABBLACH refuse …Bk1911 Sc.
– CAFF refuse, rubbish of any kind; refuse or unsaleable fish …1817 Eng. dial.
– CAGMAG bad, unwholesome food; refuse of any kind; anything worthless, valueless, or rubbishy; rubbish; scraps; odds and ends …1851 sl.
– DARSTS dregs, refuse …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– FALLINGS refuse, leavings …1980 Amer. dial.
– GARBIDGE garbage, refuse; filth …1583
– GARBISH garbage, refuse; filth …1583
– HAGABAG refuse of any kind …1808 Sc. obs.
– KEG-MEG bad, unwholesome food; refuse of any kind, anything valueless or worthless …1875 Eng. dial.
– LAYSTALL a place where refuse and dung is laid…1553
– LAYSTOW a place where refuse and dung is laid …1494 obs.
– MULLOCK refuse matter, rubbish …c1390 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– OFFAGE refuse …1727
– OFFAL refuse in general; rubbish, garbage …1598
– OFFSCOURINGS filth or defilement cleaned off and cast aside; refuse, rubbish …1674
– OFFSCUM scum, dross, refuse …1579
– OPALA refuse, trash …1938 Hawaii
– PALT refuse, rubbish …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– PALTRY refuse, rubbish, trash; anything worthless …1556 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– PAULT refuse, rubbish …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– RABBLEMENT refuse, dregs …Bk19C Eng. dial.
– RAFF worthless material, trash, rubbish, refuse …c1420 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– RAFFAGE rubbish, refuse, odds and ends …Bk19C Eng. dial.
– RAFFLE of things: rubbish, refuse; worthless stuff …1848
– RASCAL rubbish, refuse …c1440 obs.
– REFFIDGE refuse, worthless or inferior things …1856 Eng. dial.
– REFUGE refuse, worthless or inferior things …1856 Eng. dial.
– RID refuse, remains …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
– RIFF-RAFF anything worthless; refuse; sweepings; offal …1870 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– SCAFF refuse, worthless rubbish …1815 Sc.
– SCRAM scum, refuse …1888 Eng. dial.
– SCRAN a scrap, a morsel; remainder; refuse …1851 Eng. dial.
– SCROFF odds and ends; rubbish, refuse, waste …1842 Eng. dial.
– SCULCH refuse, junk, rubbish, trash, worthless stuff …1900 Amer. dial.
– SILTS dregs, refuse, scum …1635 obs.
– SKULCH refuse, rubbish, junk, trash, worthless stuff …1900 Amer. dial.
– SULLAGE; SULLIDGE filth, refuse; esp. as is carried off by drains from a house, farmyard, or the like; sewage …1553
– TOT an object collected from refuse …1873 Brit. sl.
REFUSE (rubbish) – NOUNS, PERSON
– DUNGHILL RAKER a person who rakes through or rakes up refuse, esp. in search of things which may be reused, sold, or recycled; in early use also as a term of abuse or contempt …1591 rare
– GUTTER-SNIPE a gatherer of refuse, such as rags and paper, from street gutters …1869
– HAW-GAW a rag or refuse gatherer …Bk1902 Sc.
– TATTER a collector of rags, bones, etc.; a refuse-gatherer …1890 Eng. dial. & sl.
– TATTERER a collector of rags, bones, etc. a refuse-gatherer …1890
REFUSE (rubbish) – VERBS
– TOT to collect saleable items from refuse as an occupation …1884 Brit. sl.
REFUSE (refusal) – see REFUSAL
REFUTATION, REFUTE, REFUTED – ADJECTIVES
– ELENCHIC pert. to refutation; that occupies himself with cross-examination …1850
– ELENCHICAL pert. to refutation; that occupies himself with cross-examination …1641 rare
– ELENCTIC pert. to refutation; that occupies himself with cross-examination …1833
– ELENCTICAL concerned with logical refutation …1615 obs.
– IMPROBATIVE capable of being refuted, liable to disproof; not proved to be true or genuine …1754
– IMPROBATIVE having the function of disproving; tending to refute …1876
– IMPROBATORY having the function of disproving; tending to refute …1828
– IMPROVABLE capable of being disproved or refuted; worthy of disapproval …1604 obs. rare
REFUTATION etc. – NOUNS
– IMPROBATION disproof, confutation, refutation …1551 obs. rare
– IMPROOF disproof, refutation …1641 obs. rare
– IMPROVING disproving; refutation …c1449 obs.
REFUTATION etc. – VERBS
– DISANNUL to countermand; to refute …1892 Eng. dial.
– ELENCHIZE to make use of the elenchus (a logical refutation); to dispute, argue, refute …1631 obs. rare
– IMPROVE to prove to be wrong; to disprove, to refute, to confute a person, a statement, etc. …c1449 obs.
– REFEL; REFELL to refute, to repel …1796 Sc. obs.
– REJAG to controvert, to refute; to reply smartly …c1440 obs. rare exc. Sc.
– RETUND to drive or force back; to repel; to repress; to refute …M17 obs.
– UNBUBBLE to disprove, to refute …a1640 obs.
REGAIN – VERBS
– GAIN-COVER to recover, to regain …a1300 obs.
REGAL – ADJECTIVES
– BASILICAL kingly, royal, regal …1652
REGARD, REGARDED – ADJECTIVES
– BEHOLDEN regarded, considered …a1520 obs.
REGARD etc. – NOUNS
– TENDERNESS consideration, regard; scrupulousness …1818 Sc. obs.
REGARD etc. – VERBS
– BEAR IN HAND to take notice, to regard …1790 Eng. dial.
– BEHOLD to consider; to give attention or regard …c825 obs.
– BEHOLD to hold in regard, to observe commands, appointed days, etc. …971 obs.
– ENT to regard, to notice; to obey …Bk1900 Sc.
– HARKEN to apply the mind to what is said; to attend, to have regard; to listen with sympathy or docility …c1230
– HEARKEN to apply the mind to what is said; to attend, to have regard; to listen with sympathy or docility …c1230
– IMPUTE † to take into account, to consider, to regard …1532
– KEEP to care for, to regard, to desire …1297 obs.
– RECK to take heed of; to care for, to regard …1786 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– TENDER to have regard for …1714 Sc. obs.
REGARDLESS, REGARDLESSLY – ADJECTIVES
– DISREGARDLESS regardless …1917 Amer. dial.
REGARDLESS etc. – ADVERBS
– BANDLESSLY regardlessly …Bk1898 Sc.
REGIMEN – NOUNS
– ECONOMY the rules which control a person’s mode of living; regimen, diet …1735 obs. rare
REGION – NOUNS
– DIGGINGS a place, locality, neighbourhood, region; premises …1834 Amer. dial.
– UBIQUITY locality, region …1633 obs.
REGISTER – NOUNS
– CATALOGUE a list, register, or complete enumeration …1460 arch.
– LEDGER a record-book; a register …1550 obs.
REGISTER – VERBS
– REGISTRATE to register …1799 Sc.
REGISTRAR – NOUNS, PERSON
– ACTUARY a registrar, a clerk; a notary; an officer who records the acts of a court …1553 obs.
REGRET, REGRETFUL, REGRETTABLE, REGRETTED – ADJECTIVES
– COMPUNCTIOUS having or feeling compunction; pricking to the conscience; causing regret or misgiving; remorseful, repentant …1605
– ICHABODIAN regretful, lamenting …1887
– OFF sad, sorrowful, regretful …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– POPEYED regrettable, bad …1930s sl.
REGRET etc. – INTERJECTIONS
– ARSE! expressing frustration, regret, or annoyance; damn! …1994 UK sl.
– AY-DI-ME! an exclamation of regret or pity …Bk1898 Sc.
– DEAR! a mild register of anxiety, irritation, regret, etc. …1694
– DEAR OH DEAR! a mild register of anxiety, irritation, regret, etc. …1694 UK
– DEARY ME TO-DAY! an exclamation of regret or surprise …1865 Eng. dial.
– LACKADAISY! expressing surprise, regret, or grief …M18
– LACKADAY! expressing surprise, regret, or grief …L17 arch.
– MULTIPLE SADNESS! an exclamation of regret; that’s really terrible! oh no! I’m so sorry! …1980s US college sl.
– OCH! an exclamation of surprise, regret, or sorrow; ah! oh! alas! …1528 Sc. & Irish
– OCH-AND-ANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1790 Ireland
– OCHANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1892 Sc.
– OCH-AN-HEIGH-HO! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1899 Eng. dial.
– OCH-HEY! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1838 Sc.
– OCH HON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCH HON A-CHREE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCHON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1787 Sc.
– OCHONE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCH-ON-EE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OH-ANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1765 Sc.
– OH DEAR! a mild register of anxiety, irritation, regret, etc. …1694 UK
– OHON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1785 Sc.
– SHACKS! a mild exclamation of surprise, regret, annoyance, etc. …1980s US college sl.
REGRET etc. – NOUNS
– BUYER’S REMORSE a feeling of regret experienced after making a purchase, typically one regarded as unnecessary or too expensive …1966
– CRIME something to be regretted …colloq.
– DAMAGE a matter for regret, a misfortune …c1385 obs.
– EELIST a cause of regret …1825 Sc. obs.
– HAD-I-WIST a phrase (if I had known), expressing regret for something done in ignorance of circumstances now known; hence, a vain regret, or the heedlessness or loss of opportunity which leads to it …1390 obs.
– HANKER hesitation, doubt, regret …1862 Eng. dial.
– VEX a source of regret, sorrow, or annoyance; a trouble; a cause or state of vexation, annoyance, or worry …1815 Sc.
REGRET etc. – VERBS
– BEGRUDGE to regret; to ill-wish …Bk1911 Sc.
– BETHINK to regret, to repent, to grudge …1682 obs.
– LAUGH ON THE OTHER SIDE OF ONE’S FACE to cry; to experience unexpected failure, defeat, or regret …1946 Amer. dial.
– LAUGH ON THE OTHER SIDE OF ONE’S MOUTH to cry; to experience unexpected failure, defeat, or regret …1843 Amer. dial.
– LAUGH ON THE WRONG SIDE OF ONE’S MOUTH to cry; to experience unexpected failure, defeat, or regret …1899 Amer. dial.
– LAUGH OUT OF THE OTHER CORNER OF ONE’S MOUTH to cry; to experience unexpected failure, defeat, or regret …1912 Amer. dial.
– OFTHINK to cause one grief or regret …c1000 obs.
– RETURN BY WEEPING CROSS to regret deeply some undertaking, and repent of it; to be in a state of lamentation; to fail; to suffer defeat …1659
– SIT OVER ONE’S SADS to regret something; to repent …Bk1904 N. Ireland
– WHIP THE CAT to feel remorse; to regret something …1847 Aust. sl.
REGULAR, REGULARLY – ADJECTIVES
– ORDERLY conformable to established order or rule; regular …1581 obs.
– ORDINAL conformable to order, rule, or custom; regular, ordinary, orderly …c1380 obs.
– ORDINARY conformable to order or rule; regular; orderly, methodical …1529 obs.
– ORDINATE observant of order; keeping within orderly limits; orderly, regular, moderate, temperate …c1374 obs.
– SUING regular, proportionate; even, uniform …c1369 obs.
REGULAR etc. – ADVERBS
– NATURALLY normally, regularly …1526 obs. rare
– ORDINATELY in an ordered or regulated manner; in due order, in regular succession or sequence; according to order or rule; regularly; properly, duly, temperately …1382 obs.
– REGULAR regularly, always; steadily …1875 Eng. dial.
– REGULAR AS THE CLOCK TICKS very punctually and regularly …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
REGULAR etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– OFTER a regular attender, usually at the races, the music hall, etc. …L19 sporting sl.
REGULATE, REGULATED, REGULATING, REGULATION – ADJECTIVES
– ORDENE ordered, regulated; orderly, regular …1340 obs.
– ORDINATIVE having the character or function of ordering, determining, or regulating; of the nature of ordering …1605 rare
REGULATE etc. – NOUNS
– ORDINANCE the act of ordering or regulating; regulation, direction, management; authoritative appointment or dispensation; control …c1330 arch.
– ORDINAL a book containing rules, or a body of rules or regulations …1390 obs.
– SIZE an ordinance or regulation …a1425 obs.
REGULATE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– ORDINATOR one who orders, regulates, directs, or governs …1615 obs.
REGULATE etc. – VERBS
– JUSTEN to adjust, to regulate, to make right …1659 obs.
– ORDAIN to set in proper order or position; to arrange; to keep in due order; to regulate, to govern, to direct, to manage, to conduct …c1300 obs.
– ORDINATE to order, to regulate, to control, to govern, to direct …1595 rare or obs.
– RAIL to set in order or array; to arrange; to regulate …a1310 obs.
– SIZE to regulate or control, esp. in relation to a fixed standard …a1400-50 obs.
REGURGITATE – VERBS
– SNAP ONE’S COOKIES to vomit; to regurgitate …1920s US sl.
REFEREE – NOUNS