SERVILE, SERVILELY, SERVILITY – ADJECTIVES
– ABJECT of low repute; despicable, wretched; self-abasing, servile, obsequious …c1430
– ADULATORIOUS full of adulation; servilely or fulsomely flattering or praising; currying favour; servile, obsequious …1664 obs.
– ARSE-LICKING extremely servile, grovelling …1930s sl.
– BOND servile, slavish …LME obs.
– BUTT-LICKING – extremely servile, grovelling …1930s sl.
– CRINGELING cringing, servile …1798 rare
– SUCKASS servile …1940s African-American sl.
– VASSAL servile; subordinate …1593
– VERNILE servile, slavish …1623 obs. rare
SERVILE etc. – ADVERBS
– CAP IN HAND in a humble or servile manner …Bk1999
SERVILE etc. – NOUNS
– OBSEQUIOUSNESS servile submission or complaisance; servility …1613
– TOADYISM the behaviour of a parasite or sycophant; mean and interested servility …1840
– VERNILITY servility, slavishness, flattering behaviour …1623 obs.
SERVILE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– ABJECT one cast off; castaway; an outcast; a base, contemptible, despicable, or degraded person; a person of the lowest social condition; a social pariah; humble servant; a servile person; one who, whatever his rank, is morally vile to an extent which might have been expected to exist only in miserable outcasts …1534
– BUTT BOY an obsequious or servile person; a sycophant …1948 US colloq.
– CREEPING JESUS a sycophantic or servile person, or one who is hypocritically pious …c1818 sl.
– CRINGELING a cringing creature; a servile flatterer; a fawner …a1693 rare
– EARTHWORM a mean or grovelling or servile person; a covetous, grasping person; a miser; a sordid wretch …1594
– EARWIG an ear whisperer; a servile flatterer; a parasite; a prying, insinuating informer or talebearer; a malicious gossip …1633 obs.
– LICK-SPITTLE a mean or abject parasite, sycophant, or toady; a servile flatterer; a contemptible, fawning person …1825
– LIMBERHAM one who has ‘limber hams’, a supple-jointed person; fig. a servile flatterer; an obsequious person …1689 obs.
– MAN FRIDAY a servile follower or attendant; a servant of all work …1887
– PENNY-DOG a tagalong; a toady; a hanger-on; a servile follower …1953 Amer. dial.
– PENNY-PUP a tagalong; a toady; a hanger-on; a servile follower …1967 Amer. dial.
– PLEASE-MAN one who tries to please men; an officious or servile person who courts favour; a sycophantic and servile fawner …1588 obs. rare
– RUNNING DOG a person who is subservient to a foreign power, esp. to one that threatens revolutionary interests; later, generally, a servile follower, a lackey …1925
– SLAVELING a submissive or servile person …1884
– SOCK PUPPET a person whose actions are controlled by another; a minion; a servile or unimportant person who is a follower or underling of a powerful person …1959 colloq.
– SUCKASS a servile person; a flunky …1940s African-American sl.
– TANTONY a servile flatterer; a parasite; one who obsequiously follows another …1659
– TANTONY PIG a servile flatterer; a parasite; one who obsequiously follows another …1738
– TOAD a servile flatterer, a toady …1831
– TOADER a servile flatterer, a sycophant, a parasite, a toady …1842 rare
– TOADY a servile parasite; a sycophant, an interested flatterer; also, a humble dependant …1826
SERVILE etc. – VERBS
– SNEEZE EVERY TIME ANOTHER TAKES SNUFF to follow another’s lead in servile fashion …BK1913 Amer. dial.
– TOM to be servile or ingratiating …1963 Amer. dial.
– TOM OUT to be servile or ingratiating …2009 Amer. dial.
SERVING – see SERVE
SERVITUDE – NOUNS
– formal release from servitude or slavery; an or instance of this MANUMISSION 1432-50 obs. exc. Hist.
– involuntary servitude; act of enslaving; slavery MANCIPATION 1577 rare
– servitude, subjection, subordination; service VASSALAGE 1595
– servitude, subjection, subordination; service VASSALRY 1594
SERVITUDE – NOUNS, PERSON
– a person whose period of servitude is growing short SHORT TIMER Bk1966 US students’ sl.
SERVITUDE – VERBS
– to release from servitude; to release from slavery; to set free MANUMISE 1523 obs.
– to release from servitude; to release from slavery; to set free MANUMISS 1523 obs.
– to release from servitude; to release from slavery; to set free MANUMIT 1432-50
SET – NOUNS
– a set of articles such as are usually taken together GANG c1340
– a set or suit of things CAST 1535 obs.
SET – VERBS
– to set, to place, to put in position YARK a1300 obs.
SET ASIDE – VERBS
– to set aside YINK 1897 Sc.
SETBACK – NOUNS
– BACK-JAR a setback in health or circumstances …1875 Sc.
– BACKSET a setback …1816 Amer. dial.
– DUNT a sudden shock or setback; an acute disappointment …1811 Sc.
– KICK IN THE PANTS, A a grave or humbling setback; an expression of severe criticism or disapproval …1933
– KICK IN THE TEETH, A a grave or humbling setback; an expression of severe criticism or disapproval …1972
– KNOCK a setback …1649
– LICKING a reversal or disappointment; defeat or setback … c1800 colloq.
– OFFSET a hindrance, delay; a setback, anything that causes delay; an illness; the time wasted by any hindrance …1865 Sc.
– ONE UP AGAINST YOUR DUCKHOUSE a setback …Bk1999 Aust. sl.
– PUT-BACK a1697 rare – something that puts back the advancement or performance of a plan or activity; a setback
– SMACKDOWN a decisive or humiliating defeat or setback …US colloq.
– SMACK IN THE EYE, A a sharp rebuff; a setback …colloq.
SETBACK – PHRASES
– THAT’S ONE UP AGAINST YOUR DUCKHOUSE said of a setback or problem …1930s Aust. sl.
– THAT’S ONE UP AGAINST YOUR FOWLHOUSE said of a setback or problem …1930s Aust. sl.
SETBACK – VERBS
– COME A CROPPER to have a setback; to fail badly …1874 sl.
– GET ONE’S LUMPS to accept and deal with one’s problems and setbacks …1930s sl., orig. US
– TAKE A KNOCK to suffer a setback …1649
SET-OFF – VERBS
– to let one thing serve as a set-off to another SET THE HARE-PIE AGAINST THE GOOSE-GIBLET 1633 obs.
– to let one thing serve as a set-off to another SET THE HARE’S FOOT AGAINST THE GOOSE-GIBLET 16C obs.
– to let one thing serve as a set-off to another SET THE HARE’S HEAD AGAINST THE GOOSE-GIBLET 1539 obs.
SETTLE – NOUNS, PERSON
– GALL-BRUSTER a thing or person that settles, a settler …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
SETTLE – VERBS
– CAPTAIN KETTLE to settle (vigorously) …c1899 rhyming sl.
– CAST ANCHOR of a person: to settle down …Bk1999
– DEAL THE BANK to settle a dispute; to come to an understanding …B1900 Sc.
– FALL to cause to settle or subside …1789 obs.
– HEAF to accustom or reconcile oneself to a place; to settle down, to make oneself at home …1873 Eng. dial.
– PIN THE BASKET to conclude or settle a matter …a1659 obs.
– RATIFY to clear up; to settle …1883 Sc.
– SCONCE to settle oneself, to take up one’s position; to ensconce oneself …1866 Sc.
– TAIL to decide or determine in a specified way; to settle, to arrange, to fix a matter …c1315 obs.
– TAILYE to determine, to settle, to appoint, to arrange …1375 Sc. obs.
– TAILZIE to determine, to settle, to appoint, to arrange …1375 Sc. obs.
– TAKE UP to amicably settle a dispute, quarrel, etc. …1560 obs.
SETTLED – ADJECTIVES
– settled, confirmed RATIFIED 1644 rare
– settled, constituted, arranged BESTEAD; BESTED c1300 obs.
– settled in habit, not easily stirred or moved SITTEN-UP 1671 obs.
SETTLED – NOUNS
– a thing thoroughly settled DEAD-PIG Bk1900 Eng. dial.
SETTLER – NOUNS, PERSON
– BEKE among French Creoles: a White settler …Bk1982
– BOOMER a settler who takes part in a boom or rush to occupy a newly opened region …1890
– INSIDE-SQUATTER a settler within the bounds of civilization …Bk1896 Aust. sl.
– MOSSBACK a settler; a homesteader; a pioneer farmer …1883 US Western
– MOVER a migrant, a settler; spec. a settler migrating westwards; also, a tenant farmer who resettles repeatedly as land becomes exhausted …1810 US colloq.
– OLD RESIDENTER a resident, an inhabitant; esp. an early settler; a longtime resident …1827 Amer. dial.
SEVEN – ADJECTIVES
– NEVIS seven …Bk1902 back-slang
– SEPTENARIOUS of the number seven; containing seven in number …1656 rare
– SEPTIMANE of the order of seven; belonging to a week …1721 obs.
– SEPTUARY consisting of seven; of seven days …1604 obs.
SEVEN – NOUNS
– HEBDOMAD; HEBDOMADE the number seven viewed collectively; a group composed of seven …1545 obs.
– SAY-ONEY the number seven …M19 sl.
SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST – NOUNS, PERSON
– a member of the Seventh-Day Adventist church PEANUT-EATER 1967 Amer. dial.
– a Seventh-Day Adventist SIX-DAY-BIKE-RIDER 1943 NZ sl.
SEVER, SEVERED – ADJECTIVES
– ABJUNCT disjoined, disconnected, severed …1610 obs. rare
– SUNDERED kept apart; separated, separate; also, divided into parts, severed, scattered …c1325
SEVER etc. – VERBS
– ABRUPT to break off, to sever; to interrupt suddenly …1643 obs. rare
– CANTON to divide a part from, or cut it out of a whole; to separate, to sever by division …1653 arch. or obs.
– CUT THE PAINTER to send a person or thing ‘adrift’ or away; to clear off; to sever a connection, effect a separation …a1700
– DEAL to separate, to sever …a1000 obs.
– TO-DEAL to divide into parts; to distribute, to deal out; also, to separate, to sever …c888 obs.
– TWIN c1230 obs. exc. Sc. – to separate, to disjoin, to disunite, to sever, to part, to divide
– UNCUT to sever by cutting …1611 obs.
SEVERALLY – ADVERBS
– severally SUNDERLING c1320 obs. rare
– severally, separately, apart from the rest SUNDERLEPES c1020 obs.
– severally, separately, apart; individually SUNDRY c950 obs. exc. Sc.
– severally, separately, individually SUNDRILY a900 obs.
SEVERANCE – NOUNS
– separation, severance DECEPERATION a1450 obs.
– separation, severance SUNDERANCE 1435 rare
SEVERE, SEVERELY, SEVERITY – ADJECTIVES
– ACID biting, severe, unpleasant …L18
– ALL-FIRED extreme, severe …1835 Amer. dial.
– ASPRE harsh to the feelings; bitter, cruel, severe …c1374 obs.
– CHARGEOUS burdensome; expensive, costly; troublesome, severe, oppressive …1380 obs.
– DANGEROUS difficult or awkward to deal with; haughty, arrogant; rigorous, hard, severe; the opposite of affable …a1225 obs.
– DARK severe …1926 Amer. dial.
– DEAR; DERE hard, severe, heavy, grievous; dire, fell …a1000 arch.
– DRACONIAN extremely harsh and cruel, rigorous, severe …1876
– DRACONIC extremely harsh and cruel; rigorous, severe …1708
– ELDRITCH surly, severe in temper and manner; of weather: chill, keen …1825 Sc. obs.
– FIERCE terrible, disagreeable in the extreme; extremely bad or severe …1907 Amer. dial.
– HARD-HANDED ruling with a firm or cruel hand; forceful, severe …1611
– HASKY ill-natured, harsh, severe …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– HATEL full of hatred; malignant, hostile; severe, cruel; fierce, bitter …a850 obs.
– HEARTLY vigorous, severe, sore …a1400 obs.
– HEAVY of persons: oppressive; troublesome, annoying; angry; severe, violent …c825 obs.
– HELLACIOUS extraordinarily good; bad, intense, violent, severe, etc. …1929 Amer. sl.
– HELL-FIRED extreme, severe …1833 Amer. dial.
– HETER; HETTER rough; fierce, violent, cruel; severe; keen, eager …a1400-50 obs.
– IMPORTUNE troublesome, burdensome; vexatious; grievous, heavy, severe, exacting …c1400 obs.
– INEXORABLE unable to be moved or be persuaded to entreaty or request (esp. for mercy); rigidly severe, immovable, relentless …M16
– IRON-FACE stern, obdurate, cruel, severe …Bk1892 Chinese Pidgin
– LUNGEOUS rough at play; cruel; unnecessarily severe in chastising children …1787 Eng. dial.
– PAINOUS painful; severe …c1400 obs. rare
– RAGGLISH severe, harsh …Bk1905 Sc.
– RAGLISH severe, harsh …Bk1905 Sc.
– RIGORIOUS fierce, stern, severe …1509 obs. rare
– SALT severe, painful …1895 Sc.
– SARTAIN stern, severe; steadfast ….1887 Eng. dial.
– SIDE severe or hard upon one …1825 Sc.
– SMART c1300 – of pain, sorrow, etc.: sharp, keen, painful, severe
– SOLID severe, difficult, unfair, unreasonable …1915 Aust. & NZ sl.
– TART harsh, severe …1893 Eng. dial.
– TAUT of persons: strict, severe …1905 Sc.
– TETRICOUS sour in countenance; austere, severe, harsh, crabbed, perverse, morose …1727 obs.
– TYRANNOUS unjustly severe or cruel, pitiless …1556
– VENGEABLE very great, severe, strong, intense …1532 obs.
– VENGIBLE grievous, severe …1601 obs.
– YARKING severe …1896 Sc.
– YETERIE; YETRIE severe, excessive, tormenting …Bk1905 Sc.
SEVERE etc. – ADVERBS
– CRUEL severely; extremely hard …1937 UK sl.
– CRUELLY severely; extremely hard …1937 UK sl.
– EAGERLY sharply, pungently, keenly; violently, harshly, severely …1377 obs.
– FEARSOME powerfully, severely …1942 Amer. dial.
– HARK FROM THE TOMB with great severity; at full tilt …1851 Amer. dial.
– HEAVYINGLY heavily, severely …1434 obs. rare
– LIKE THE DEVIL BEATING TANBARK very fast, vigorously, severely …1851 Amer. dial.
– TIGHTISH severely, smartly …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– TIGHTLY severely, sharply …1863 Sc. & Eng. dial.
SEVERE etc. – NOUNS
– EXTREMITY extreme severity or rigour …a1500 obs.
– FELLNESS fierceness, harshness, savagery; cruelty; malignity; also, sternness, severity …c1410 obs.
– HARDLAIK hardship, harshness, severity …c1400 obs.
– HARK FROM THE TOMB something severe; a severe scolding or admonition ….c1960 Amer. dial.
– RADDOUR severity, harshness, harsh treatment …a1400-50 Sc. & N. Eng. dial. obs.
– SMARTHEAD a1400 obs. rare – severity; harshness
– SMELLER 1898 – anything remarkable for exceptional violence, severity, strength, etc.
SEVERE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– BANBURY MAN a Puritan; a bigot; a sour or severe man; a hypocrite …Bk1889 obs.
– MISS FROSTY PANTS a severe person …1970 US sl.
SEVERE etc. – VERBS
– SCOURGE to exercise great severity; to act as a hard taskmaster …Bk1904 Sc.
SEW, SEWING, SEWN – ADJECTIVES
– CAT-CLAWED adj. poorly sewn …1967 Amer. dial.
– CAT-STITCHED poorly sewn …1967 Amer. dial.
– JAKEY sewn carelessly …1968 Amer. dial.
– WISHED TOGETHER put together insecurely, cobbled up; sewn carelessly …1918 Amer. dial.
– WITCHED TOGETHER put together insecurely, cobbled up; sewn carelessly …1929 Amer. dial.
SEW etc. – NOUNS
– HOUSEWIFE an elementary sewing kit; a bag or pocket for sewing materials …1968 UK sl.
– NEEDLEDOM the ‘world’ of sewing …1847
– SCOBERIE; SCOBRIE the act of sewing carelessly or with long stitches …Bk1904 Sc.
SEW etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– LITTLE WOMAN ROUND THE CORNER one’s dressmaker or sewing-woman …20C middle-class colloq.
– MY LITTLE WOMAN ROUND THE CORNER one’s dressmaker or sewing-woman …20C middle-class colloq.
– TRODDLER a ‘tredaller’; one who works a sewing-machine …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
SEW etc. – VERBS
– BESEW to sew up …a800 obs.
– BESS to sew slackly; to baste …Bk1898 Sc.
– BORE to sew …Bk1911 Sc.
– BUILD to sew or tailor; to make clothing …1951 Amer. dial.
– BUILD CLOTHES to make clothes …1877 Amer. dial.
– BUSHEL to repair garments …1889 US
– GABBLE to do something clumsily; to make a poor job of something, esp. of sewing or knitting …1953 Sc.
– GADGE to baste; to run or tack together with long stitches …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– RANTER to sew up a rent, or apply a patch with invisible stitches; to darn, to mend …1673-88 Eng. dial.
– RANTER to seam up roughly, with wide stitches …1882 Sc.
– ROPE to sew roughly in making a temporary mend …1921 Sc.
– RUN UP WITH A HOT NEEDLE AND BURNING THREAD to sew hastily and carelessly …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– SCOB to take long stitches in sewing, to sew loosely and clumsily; to baste …1808 Sc.
– SET to sew …1857 Amer. dial.
– SET A STITCH to sew …1857 Amer. dial.
– SEW WITH A HOT NEEDLE AND BURNING THREAD to sew hastily and carelessly …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– TAG to fasten, stitch, or tack together; to join …1681 obs.
– YARK; YERK to draw stitches tight, to twitch, as a shoemaker in sewing; also, to bind tightly with cords …c1430 obs. exc. Sc. & Eng. dial.
SEWAGE, SEWER – NOUNS
– IPER any foul liquid, ooze, mud, or sewage …1880 Sc.
– JAW-HOLE a hole into which dirty water or other liquid is ‘jawed’ or thrown; an open entrance to a sewer, house-drain, or cesspool …1760
– LOGIE sewage …c1870 Brit. sl.
– ODDLE a sewer …1845 Sc.
– ODDLER a sewer …Bk1905 Sc.
– SINK a conduit, drain, or pipe for carrying away dirty water or sewage; an opening especially made for this purpose; a sewer …1499 rare
– SULLAGE; SULLIDGE filth, refuse; esp. as is carried off by drains from a house, farmyard, or the like; sewage …1553
– VAEDIK a small stream or runnel of water or other liquid; a ditch, drain or open sewer …a1838 Sc.
– VAULT a covered conduit for carrying away water or filth; a drain or sewer …c1400 obs.
– VENNEL an open drain or gutter; a sewer …1641 N. Eng. dial.
SEWAGE etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– SANNY a sanitary man, who removes sewage …L19 Aust. sl.