Reverse Dictionary: SOP – SOZ


SOPHISTICATED – ADJECTIVES
– ALL DAY, ALL NIGHT, JUST LIKE NEW YORK fashionable; sophisticated …1930s African-American sl.
 ALLEY-WISE sophisticated in the ways of the world …1974 US sl.
– COOL BREEZE self-assured, sophisticated …1960s sl., orig. US
– DAP alert, aware, knowledgeable, sophisticated, up-to-date …1950s African-American sl.
– EDUCATED sophisticated, worldly …1968 Amer. dial.
– FLY stylish, sophisticated; fashionable …1879 US sl.
– FONKY-FRESH a general adj. of high praise, the most sophisticated, the smartest, the most attractive …1980s African-American sl.
– FUNKED OUT sophisticated; blase …1990s sl.
– FUNKED-UP excellent; first-rate; splendid; wonderful; cool; sophisticated …1990s African-American sl.
– FUNKY-FRESH a general adj. of high praise, the most sophisticated, the smartest, the most attractive …1980s African-American sl.
– HIGH-RENT sophisticated, superior …1970s sl.
– ICE sophisticated, aware …1970s African-American sl.
– JANE of a woman: smart, sophisticated …1920s Sc. sl.
– KEWL good, sophisticated, self-possessed, ‘cool’ …1998 US sl.
– LAANIE intellectually sophisticated …1970s S. Afr. sl.
– LACED extremely sophisticated …1970s African-American sl.
– LACED BY THE NECK extremely sophisticated …1970s African-American sl.
– LAHNEE;  LANI;  LANIE;  LARNEY intellectually sophisticated …1970s S. Afr. sl.
– NECKLACED extremely sophisticated; worldly …1970s African-American sl.
– READY aware, sophisticated, prepared to deal with the real world …1930s African-American sl.
– SADDITY;  SEDDITY;  SIDDITY;  SIDITY elegant, high-class, sophisticated …1960s African-American sl.
– SCHOOLED intelligent, sophisticated …1960s African-American sl.
– SMOOTH sophisticated, urbane …1991 US sl.
– SWANK classy, sophisticated …1920s sl.
– SWANKEE;  SWANKY smart, sophisticated, chic …L19 sl.
– ULTRACOOL extremely sophisticated …1960s sl., orig. US
– UPTOWN stylish, sophisticated; prosperous …1855 Amer. dial.
– UPTOWNISH stylish, sophisticated; prosperous …1966 Amer. dial.
 
SOPHISTICATED – NOUNS
– STYLING AND PROFILING posing as a cool, sophisticated individual, and backing that image with smart, fashionable clothes …1980s African-American & students’ sl.
 
SOPHISTICATED – NOUNS, PERSON
– ACE HI;  ACE HIGH a sophisticated, streetwise person …1953 African-American sl.
– BLADE a young man, esp. one who believes himself socially adroit, sophisticated, and witty …1949 Amer. sl. 
– COOL BREEZE a person who thinks himself to be sophisticated but is not …1990s African-American & students’ sl.
– COOL CAT a sophisticated, competent, unruffled, able person …1940s sl., chiefly African-American
– LONGSHOE a cunning or sophisticated fellow, esp. a pimp or confidence swindler …1955 US criminals’ sl.
– TUSH HAWK a sophisticated person with money, clothes, and a ‘line’; a city slicker, a big shot …1934 Amer. dial.
– TUSH HOG a sophisticated person with money, clothes, and a ‘line’; a city slicker, a big shot …1934 Amer. dial. 
– WISE BABY a sophisticated girl …Bk1934 US college sl.
 
SOPHISTICATED – VERBS
– KNOW BEANS WHEN THE BAG’S UNTIED to be sophisticated …1907 Amer. dial.


SORCERER, SORCERESS, SORCERY – ADJECTIVES
VENEFICAL practising or associated with malignant sorcery or witchcraft …1584 obs.
VENEFICIAL practising or associated with malignant sorcery or witchcraft …1658 obs.
VENEFICIOUS practising or associated with malignant sorcery or witchcraft …1646 rare
VENEFICOUS practising or associated with malignant sorcery or witchcraft …1657 rare

SORCERER etc. – NOUNS
FASCINATION the casting of a spell; sorcery, enchantment, an instance of this, a spell, an incantation …1605 obs.
MALEFICE a wicked enchantment; sorcery …c1374 arch.
SIGALDRY enchantment, sorcery …a1225 obs. rare
VENEFICE the practice of employing poison or magical potions; the exercise of sorcery by such means …c1380 obs.
VENEFY the practice of employing poison or magical potions; the exercise of sorcery by such means …1616 obs.

SORCERER etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
BRUJA;  BRUJO a witch, a sorcerer; one who practices black magic …1940 Amer. dial.
CACO-MAGICIAN an evil magician or sorcerer; one versed in the black art …1656
GALDRAGON a sorceress, a witch …1821 Sc. obs.
KAHUNA a priest of the native Hawaiian religion, a wise man, a minister; now esp. a sorcerer …1873 Hawaii
LUCKY a witch, a sorceress …1827 Sc. obs.
MAGHA a sorceress …1609 obs. rare
MAGUS one skilled in Oriental magic and astrology; an ancient magician or sorcerer …1621
OB a wizard, magician, sorcerer, ventriloquist …1659 obs.
OBEAH-MAN a man who practices obeah or Obi (a kind of pretended sorcery or witchcraft practised by the Blacks in Africa); a Black sorcerer …1764
OBEAH-WOMAN a woman who practices obeah or Obi (a kind of pretended sorcery or witchcraft practised by the Blacks in Africa); a Black sorceress …1840
PYTHONER a conjuror, a sorcerer; a soothsayer …c1475 obs. rare
TALISMAN a sorcerer, a magician …1646 obs.
VARLET a sorcerer, a magician, a warlock, a wizard …1703 obs.
VENEFIC one who practises poisoning as a secret art; a sorcerer or sorceress; a wizard or witch …1651 obs.
WALKYRIE a witch, a sorceress …a1023 obs.
WARLOCK one in league with the Devil and so possessing occult and evil powers; a sorcerer, a wizard …a1300 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
WISE-WIFE a witch, a sorceress …1808 Sc.
WISE WOMAN a witch; a sorceress; a fortune teller …1808

SORCERER etc. – VERBS
KAHUNA to practice sorcery; to cast a spell …1938 Hawaii


SORDID, SORDIDNESS – ADJECTIVES
GAGGY sordid, highly distasteful …1960s US homosexual sl.
MUCKY contemptible, sordid …1683 Eng. dial.
RAUNCHY sordid, sloppy; contemptible, excessive, seedy …1930s sl., orig. US

SORDID etc. – NOUNS
LEPTOLOGY a description of mean and sordid things …1681 obs.
SLEAZE sordidness, sleaziness; immorality …1967 UK sl.

SORDID etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
EARTHWORM a mean or grovelling or servile person – a covetous, grasping person – a miser – a sordid wretch …1594
HUNKS a surly, cross-grained old person; a close-fisted, stingy man; a miser; a miserable, niggardly old person; a covetous, sordid man …1602


SORE – ADJECTIVES
AGUEFIED pained, stiff, sore, as with ague …1939 Amer. dial.
ANGRY of a wound or sore: inflamed, red …1884 Eng. & Amer. dial.
COCOBAY having a skin covered in repulsive sores …20C W. Indies sl.
ELDRITCH of a sore or wound: painful …1808 Sc. obs.
RANCOROUS of a wound or sore: festering, inflamed, full of corruption, suppurating …1660 obs.
SAIR causing physical pain or distress; sore …1808 Sc.
SAIRISH somewhat sore …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
SCALDERED blistered, sore, chafed …1796 Eng. dial.
SORE AS A BOIL, AS very painful, sore …Bk1942 Amer. sl.
TETTERED having sore places; having the skin roughened by the wind …1876 Eng. dial.
VOID of sores, etc.: raw …Bk1905 Eng. dial.

SORE – NOUNS
ALLERNBATCH a boil, a carbuncle; an old sore …1746 Eng. dial.
ATTER a scab, a dry sore …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
BLAIN a fault; a blemish; a scar; discolouration of skin after a sore …Bk1911 Sc.
BOBO a hurt or sore, an abrasion, a cut …1969 Amer. dial.
BUG a fearful looking sore artificially produced to simulate a burn or scald by the use of Spanish blister …Bk1914 criminals’ sl. 
BURNING a sore caused by fire or heat; a burn …1542-3 obs.
CANKERFRET a sore or blister in the mouth …19C Eng. dial.
DUDLEY a sore; hence, any kind of uncomfortable skin condition …1992 UK rhyming sl. (Dudley Moore)
DUDLEY MOORE a sore; hence, any kind of uncomfortable skin condition …1992 UK rhyming sl.
EHA pain; a sore …1938 Hawaii 
ERCLE a small swelling, a watery blister; a pimple, a sore place …1876 Eng. dial.
FALE a pustule, a sore …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
FOX an artificial sore …1862 sl.
GAGGER a deep, ragged cut or wound; a large, festering sore …Bk1900 Sc.
GALL a sore place or abrasion on the skin …1793 Sc. & Eng. dial.
GAW a sore place or abrasion on the skin …1793 Sc. & Eng. dial.
HAGGERAL a large, open, festering sore …1866 Sc.
HATTEREL a collection of sores in any part of the body; a series of scabs running into one another …1892 Sc.
HITTERIL a collection of sores in any part of the body; a series of scabs running into one another …1892 Eng. dial.
KYLE a sore, an ulcer, a boil …1340 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
PAID a sore …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
RANKLE a festering sore …c1380 obs. rare
RED-ROW a sore before it begins to heal …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
REEF a skin eruption; the itch; the mange; a sore in the head …1790 Sc. & Eng. dial.
RUNAROUND a suppurative inflammatory sore or swelling in a finger or thumb …M19 US sl.
RUNNING a sore or wound that discharges pus …c1384 obs.
RUN-ROUND a suppurative inflammatory sore or swelling in a finger or thumb …M19 US sl.
SAIR a sore; a wound, a bruise …1768 Sc.
SARKFUL OF SORE BONES, A a sore body …1721 Sc.
SCALDER a sore or ‘angry’ place …1714 Sc. & Eng. dial.
SCALL a scab, a blister; a skin sore …1677 Sc. & Eng. dial.
SCOB a sore on the body …1950 Sc.
STRAWBERRY a sore or bruise, esp. one caused by friction with the ground …1921 N. Amer. colloq.
TAKING a seizure or attack of disease; a stroke or palsy or the like; an attack of illness; a sudden seizure of pain; a sore, a swelling also, enchantment …1533 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
TEAKERS a running of watery matter from a sore …B1900 Eng. dial. obs.
VENOM the discharge from a sore or wound …Bk1905 Eng. dial.

SORE – VERBS
BELL of a sore: to throb, to be inflamed …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
DEG(G) of a sore: to run, to ooze; to fester …1859 Eng. dial.  
CLAW ON THE GALL to touch a person on a sore or tender point …c1386 obs.
GALL to make sore by chafing or rubbing …c1440
RAGE of a tooth or sore: to ache violently …1567
RUB ON THE GALL to touch a person on a sore or tender point …1523 obs.
SCOURGE to become red and sore; to chap …1892 Eng. dial.


SORORITY – NOUNS
CHICKEN HOUSE a sorority house; a girl’s dormitory …1942 Amer. sl.
RUSH the process by which fraternities and sororities entertain new students in order to assess suitability for membership …1885 US college sl.

SORORITY – NOUNS, PERSON
BETTY COED a wholesome, middle-class sorority girl …1931 US sl.
BOWHEAD a silly coed who typically wears bows in her hair; a shallow sorority girl; a bouncy cheerleader type who ignores her intelligence, and is superficial …1989 students’ sl.
FUZZY a member of Alpha Xi Delta sorority …1963 US college sl.
GEEK a Greek, a sorority or fraternity member …Bk1989 US college sl. 
MUFFY a young woman who has the look of a typical sorority member, with bleached blonde hair, an alice band, heavy make-up, and conventional clothes …1980s US college sl.
POWDER-HOUSE FLUFF a sorority girl …Bk1934 college sl.
RUSHEE someone ‘rushed’ or entertained to assess their suitability for membership of a fraternity or sorority …1916 US college sl.

SORORITY – VERBS
RUSH of fraternity or sorority members: to entertain a student in order to assess his or her suitability for membership; to attempt to recruit a student or a group of students to a particular fraternity or sorority …1879 US college sl.


SORROW, SORROWFUL, SORROWFULLY, SORROWING – ADJECTIVES
– ANGUISHOUS sorrowful, oppressed with pain …1875 Eng. dial.
– BAD sorrowful; depressed..1839 Eng. & Amer. dial.
– BAISE sad, sorrowful …1825 Sc. obs.
– BAISS ashamed; sad, sorrowful …1820 Sc. obs.
– BALE sorrowing, mournful, woeful …c1220 obs.
– BALEFUL unhappy, wretched, miserable; distressed, sorrowful, mournful …c1325 arch.
– BLUE depressed, low-spirited, sad, sorrowful, dismayed, downcast …a1450
– CAREFUL full of grief; mournful, sorrowful …a1000 obs.
 DOLESOME depressed, melancholy, doleful, gloomy, sorrowful, dismal …1899 Amer. dial.
– EARNFUL causing anxiety or yearning; anxious; full of longing desire; sorrowful, lamentable, melancholy, sad …c1500 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– ERNEFUL sad, lamentable, pitiable; sorrowful, melancholy …1691 Eng. dial.
– ERNFUL sad, lamentable, pitiable; sorrowful, melancholy …1679 obs. exc. Eng. dial.
– GRAME grieved, sorrowful …c1000 obs.
– HEARTFUL sorrowful, sad-hearted …1877 Sc.  
– HOUGHFUL careful; anxious, sorrowful …970 obs.
– ILL grieved, sorrowful …BK1905 Sc.
– ILLAETIBLE sorrowful …1623 obs. rare
– LANGUOROUS distressful, sorrowful, mournful …1490 obs.
 LUCTIFEROUS bringing sorrow, mournful, gloomy …1656 obs. rare
 LUCTIFIC causing sorrow or mourning …1727 obs.
 LUCTIFICABLE that is sorrowful …1721 obs.
 LUCTUAL mournful, sorrowful …1613-18 obs.
 LUGUBRE expressing or causing mourning; mournful, sorrowful, sad, dismal, pitiable …1727 obs.
– LUGUBRIOUS expressing or causing mourning; mournful, sorrowful, sad, dismal, pitiable …1601
 LUGUBROUS expressing or causing mourning; doleful, mournful, sorrowful, sad, dismal, pitiable …1632 obs.
– MESTIFICAL making sad or sorrowful …1656 obs.
– MESTIVE sad, sorrowful, gloomy, dismal, mournful, melancholy …1578 obs.
– OFF sad, sorrowful, regretful …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– PENSIFUL thoughtful, meditative, pensive; anxious, brooding; melancholy, sorrowful …a1450 obs. exc. Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– SADDED saddened, made sorrowful …1680 obs.
– SADFUL sorrowful …1658 obs. rare
– SAIR of the heart, etc. aching, grief-stricken, sorrowful …1739 Sc.
– SAIRIE;  SAIRY sad, doleful, sorrowful …1838 Sc. obs.
– SIGHFUL sorrowful, sad …1606 rare
– SITEFUL sorrowful, mournful, doleful …a1300 obs. rare
– SITFULL sorrowful, mournful, doleful …a1300 obs. rare
– SOURFUL sorrowful …Bk1942 Amer. sl.
– THOUGHT-SICK sick from thinking; sick with anxiety; uneasy with sad reflections; sad, sorrowful, melancholy …1598 obs.
– THRENETIC pertaining to a threnody (a song of lamentation); mournful, sorrowful …1656
– TRISTITIOUS full of sadness, sorrowful …1694 obs. rare
– UNBLITHE unhappy; sad, sorrowful; not delighted …c897 obs.
 UNFAIN not glad or delighted; displeased, sorry, sorrowful; reluctant; having a feeling of dislike; unfond …1338 arch. exc. Eng. dial.
– VEXSOME sorrowful, full of vexation; grievous, sad …1852 Sc.
– WAE-WORTH deserving to experience sorrow or suffering …a1838 Sc.
– WAILFUL of cries, complaints, speeches: having the character of a wail, expressive of grievous pain or sorrow …1544 chiefly poetic usage
– WAILFUL full of lamentation, sorrowful …1579 chiefly poetic usage
– YEARNFUL mournful, sorrowful …a1566
 
SORROW etc. – ADVERBS
– HEAVILY with sorrow, grief, displeasure, or anger; grievously …c1000 obs. or arch.
– UNBLITHELY sorrowfully …1415 obs.
 
SORROW etc. – INTERJECTIONS/PHRASES
– ALAWK! an exclamation of sorrow; alas! …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
 AWOW! an exclamation of sorrow; alas! …1768 Sc.
 THE BLACK COW HAS TRODDEN ON YOUR FOOT you have known misfortune and sorrow …1816 Sc. & Eng. dial.
 THE BLACK OX HAS TRODDEN ON YOUR FOOT you have known misfortune and sorrow …1816 Sc. & Eng. dial.
 THE BLACK OX HAS TRODDEN ON YOUR TOE you have known misfortune and sorrow …1816 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– DEAR SAKES! exclamation expressive of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1871 Eng. dial. 
– EH! an ejaculation of sorrow …1567
– FATHER OF MERCY! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1900 Sc.
– ICHANE! an exclamation of sorrow, alas! …1513 obs.
– LACKADAISY! exclamation of sorrow; alas! …1847
– LACK-A-DAY! exclamation of sorrow; alas! …1695 obs. or arch.
– MERCY BE BLESSED! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1900 Sc.
– MERCY BLESS THEE! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1899 Sc.
– MERCY OH! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1893 Eng. dial.
– MERCY SAVE ONE! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1900 Sc.
– OCH! an exclamation of surprise, regret, or sorrow; ah! oh! alas! …1528 Sc. & Irish
– OCH-AND-ANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1790 Ireland
– OCHANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1892 Sc.
– OCH-AN-HEIGH-HO! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1899 Eng. dial.
– OCH-HEY! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1838 Sc.
– OCH HON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCH HON A-CHREE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCHON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1787 Sc.
– OCHONE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OCH-ON-EE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1865 Sc.
– OH-ANEE! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1765 Sc.
– OHON! an exclamation of sorrow or regret …1785 Sc.
– SARBIT! an exclamation of sorrow; alas, woe! …1776 Sc.
– ULLAGONE! an exclamation or cry of sorrow …1828 Anglo-Irish
– VOW! used to express admiration, surprise, sorrow, etc. …1790 Sc.
– WAIL-A-DAY an exclamation of sorrow …1745 Sc. 
– WALAWAY! an exclamation of sorrow …1724 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– WALLY! an exclamation of sorrow …a1724 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– WALY! an exclamation of sorrow …a1724 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– WHAT IN MERCY! an exclamation of surprise, sorrow, etc. …1882 Sc.
 
SORROW etc. – NOUNS
– BALE mental suffering; misery, sorrow, grief …c1325
– BARRAT trouble, distress, sorrow, grief, pain …c1230 obs.
– CARE utterance of sorrow; lamentation, mourning …a1000 obs.
– EGRIMONY great sorrow, grief, sadness …1626 obs. rare
– FACE LIKE A DYIN’ CALF, A a morose, sorrowful look …1988 Can. sl.
– GRAME grief, sorrow; harm …c1000 obs. exc. arch.
– HARM grief, sorrow, pain, trouble, distress, affliction …a1000 obs.
– HEAVITY heaviness of heart; sorrow, sadness …c1400 obs.
– LANGUOR mental suffering or distress; pining, sorrow, affliction of spirit …a1300 obs.
– OFTHINKING displeasure, vexation, disgust, grief, sorrow …a1225 obs.
– RAGE violent sorrow; a fit of this …c1386 obs. rare
– SAIR sorrow, grief …1736 Sc.
– SAP sorrow; tears produced by vexation or affliction …Bk1904 Sc.
– SHOWER an outpouring of grief, sorrow, etc. …1638
– SITE care or sorrow; grief, trouble of any kind …c1200 obs.
– TEAN;  TEEN sorrow, grief …1820 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– THOUGHT care, grief, sorrow; a burden; a cause of trouble …1899 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
– TINE affliction; trouble; sorrow …1590 obs.
– VEX a source of regret, sorrow, or annoyance; a trouble; a cause or state of vexation, annoyance, or worry …1815 Sc.
– WIFFLE-WOFFLES sorrow, the dumps, a state of depression …20C colloq.
 
SORROW etc. – NOUNS, PERSON
– CROCODILE a person who weeps or makes a show of sorrow hypocritically or with a malicious purpose …1595
– SEEK-SORROW one who causes himself sorrow or vexation …a1586 obs.
 
SORROW etc. – VERBS
– CARE to sorrow or grieve …a1000 obs.
– CONTRISTATE to make sad or sorrowful; to sadden, grieve …1616 obs.
– DEDOLEATE to end one’s sorrow or grief …1623 obs.
– HAVE THE BLACK OX TREAD ON ONE’S FOOT, TO to be unfortunate; to know what sorrow is …1546
– LOOK DOWN ONE’S NOSE to look embarrassed or unhappy; to look chagrined, baffled, sorrowful, discouraged, or ashamed; to submit to someone …1914 Amer. dial.
– TRISTITIATE to make sad or sorrowful, to sadden …1628 obs. rare


SORRY – ADJECTIVES
ALL SNOT AND TEARS sorry, remorseful, mournful …Brit. sl.
ECKY sorry …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
ILL-PAID very sorry …1882 Sc.
RANK sorry …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
UNFAIN not glad or delighted; displeased, sorry, sorrowful; reluctant; having a feeling of dislike; unfond …1338 arch. exc. Eng. dial.

SORRY – VERBS
BE ILL PAID to be sorry …1825 Sc. 
VEX to feel sorry, to be distressed, to grieve …1825 Sc.


SORRY-LOOKING – NOUNS, PERSON
– a sorry-looking person RACK OF BONES 1804 Amer. sl. 


SORT – ADJECTIVES
ANY KIN of any kind of sort …Bk1898 Eng. dial.
OMNIMODE existing in all modes or ways, of all sorts …1656
OMNIMODOUS existing in all modes or ways, of all sorts …1627

SORT – NOUNS
SUIT kind, sort, class …1548 obs.

SORT – VERBS
SACK to sort out, to arrange …1940s US criminals’ sl.
SEPARATE THE SHEEP FROM THE GOATS to sort the good persons or things from the bad or inferior
WALE to choose, to select, to pick out, to sort …a1310 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.


SO-SO – ADJECTIVES
– so-so; satisfactory; mediocre ACEY-DEUCEY Amer. sl.


SOUGHT – ADJECTIVES
– sought after, aimed at, desired AFFECTED 1597 obs.
– sought for, asked about QUESITED 1647 obs. rare
– sought for, asked about QUESITITIOUS 1674 obs. rare


SOUL – NOUNS
– a person’s soul BETTER HALF 1629 obs.


SOULFUL – ADJECTIVES
– soulful, elemental FUNKY 20C sl., orig. African-American


SOUND – ADJECTIVES
 ABRASIVE of sound: harsh, grating, strident …1861
 ACOUSTICAL of the nature of sound; involving sound …1803
– BASS low in sound, barely audible, soft …c1450 obs.
– BREME strong, distinct, or clear in sound …1340 obs.
 BUTTERY of sound, music, a voice, etc.: mellow, smooth, and pleasant …1864
– CACOPHONIC ill-sounding …1847
– CACOPHONICAL ill-sounding …1847
– CACOPHONIOUS harsh-sounding, having a disagreeable sound …1833
– CACOPHONOUS ill-sounding, having a harsh or unpleasant sound …1797
– CLARISONOUS having a clear sound; sounding loud or shrill …1731 rare
– DEAF of sounds: so dull as to be hardly or indistinctly heard; muffled …1612 obs.
 DOWF of a sound: dull, flat, hollow …1768 Sc. & N. Eng. dial.
 DULCID sweet or pleasing, esp. in sound …1596
– DULCISONANT sounding sweetly …1656 obs. rare
– FAIR of sounds, odours, etc.: agreeable, delightful …a1000 obs.
– FLUCTISONOUS sounding or roaring with waves …B1900
– GAUNT of a sound: suggestive of desolation …1814 obs.
– GRANDISONANT stately-sounding …1684 rare
– GRAVISONOUS having a deep or heavy sound …1727 obs. rare
– HARMONIC melodious, tuneful, sweet-sounding …1815 rare
– HASK harsh in sound, tone, or manner …1594 Sc.
– HORRISONANT sounding horribly; making a terrible or dreadful sound …1656
– HORRISONOUS making a horrible sound …1631 obs.
– LUCTISONOUS making a mournful sound …1721 obs. rare
– MAGNISONANT high sounding …a1843 rare
– MEGALOPHONOUS of imposing sound …1819 Burlesque nonce word
– MELLISONANT sweet-sounding …a1634 arch.
– RAUCID hoarse, raucous, harsh-sounding …1730
– SILVER of sounds: having a clear gentle resonance like that of silver; soft-toned, melodious …1526
​- SILVERED of sounds: sweet-toned or silver-toned …1642 obs.
– STENTORIOUS extremely loud or powerful in sound …a1500 rare
– STENTORONIC of the voice: very loud and far-reaching; hence, said of uttered sounds, songs, laughter, and the like; extremely loud and powerful in sound …1762 rare
– TONOUS having a full tone or sound; sonorous …1773 rare
 
SOUND – NOUNS
 ACOUSTICON a device used to assist hearing or amplify sound …1660 rare
– BABEL a confused turbulent medley of sounds; meaningless noise …a1529
– BASENESS lowness or feebleness in sound; deepness in tone …1609 obs.
– BLUTE a sudden burst of sound …Bk1911 Sc.
– BOOFF a stroke with the hand that causes a hollow sound; the sound thus produced …Bk1911 Sc.
– CACOPHONY the quality of having an ill sound; the use of harsh-sounding words or phrases …1656
– DEAN;  DEEN;  DENE a din, noise; a sound …1691 Eng. dial.  
– DERRUM a deafening noise; a confusion of sounds …1879 Eng. dial.
– HARMOGE a harmony of colours or sounds …1601 obs.
– LATE voice, sound …a1300 obs.
– MEOUT a slight sound, the least noise …Bk1905 Sc. & Ireland
– QUATCH a word, a sound …a1635 obs.
– TANG a sweet and pleasant sound …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
– TEET the smallest sound; the least word …B1900 Sc.
– volume, as on a stereo …1970s US sl.
– VACAYA any mechanical or electrical device that produces sound; a jukebox, a record player …2002 UK sl.
– WAFF of sounds: a soft strain; a faint echo; a murmur …1832 Sc.
– YAP a sound …1950s sl.
 
SOUND – NOUNS, PERSON
– ACOUSTICIAN one skilled in the science of sound; a student of acoustics …1826
– CACOPHONOPHILIST a lover of harsh sounds …Bk1994
– GAFFOON a sound-effects man …Bk1962 Amer. broadcasting sl.
– TAPOLOGIST a sound-recording expert …1954 
– WINCHELL a sound-recording worker …Bk1975 Amer. sl. 
 
SOUND – VERBS
– CACOPHONIZE to make cacophonous (see SOUND – adjectives) …1872 rare
– DILL to still, to deaden sound; to lull a child to sleep …1775 Sc. & Eng. dial.
– HEAR to sound nicely …Bk1902 Eng. dial.
– QUOTE to echo, to sound …1941 Amer. dial.


SOUNDLY – ADVERBS
– soundly, to the purpose TO THE TRUE BEN 1746 Eng. dial.


SOUNDNESS – NOUNS
– soundness, safety, freedom from danger INCOLUMITY 1533 obs.


SOUP – ADJECTIVES
JUSSULENT full of broth or soup; stewed in broth …1656 obs. rare

SOUP – NOUNS
BLEERY thin, poor gruel, soup, etc. …Bk1911 Sc.
BOWL THE HOOP soup …M19 rhyming sl.
BRAIN FOOD noodle soup …Bk1944 Amer. services sl.
BREE water in which any article of food is boiled; broth, soup, gravy, sauce, juice …Bk1911 Sc. & Amer. dial.
BUGS any solids found in soup …Bk1944 Amer. services sl.
FLY-DISPENSER SOUP oxtail soup …c1860 sl.
GLUE thick soup …L19 sl.
GUT-CONCRETE thick soup …B1900 sl.
HOOSH a kind of thick soup …1905 sl.
JABBLE a quantity of liquid or half-liquid food; a quantity of any kind of liquid; soup …1790 Sc.
JEWISH PENICILLIN chicken soup …1968 Amer. dial.
KALE broth or soup made with various kinds of vegetables …a1480 Sc.
NOSE WARMER consommé in a cup …1930s US sl.
PARTAN BREE crab soup …1909 Sc. 
PIG’S-HEAD NEGUS an inferior, evil-tasting soup …c1800 Royal Navy sl.
POOR MAN’S SOUP a soup made from odds and ends …1942 Amer. dial. 
RED NOISE tomato soup …1936 Amer. sl.
RIB-TICKLER thick soup …Bk1903 sl.
RIVVEL among Nova Scotians of German origin: a noodle soup …1999 Can. usage
SHACKLES any broth, soup, or stew …1886 sl.
SKILLIGALEE a kind of thin, watery porridge, gruel, or soup, commonly made from oatmeal, and used especially in prisons and workhouses …1819
SKILLY a kind of thin, watery porridge, gruel, or soup, commonly made from oatmeal, and used especially in prisons and workhouses …1839
SOAP a thick soup …19C sl.
SOUP BUNCH a small bundle of vegetables for soup …1923 Amer. dial.
TATIE-BROO potato soup …1892 Sc.
TATIE-BROTH potato soup …1901 Sc.
TATIE-HASH potato soup …1870 Eng. dial.
TATIE-KAIL potato soup …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
TEA-KETTLE BROTH any sloppy mixture of the nature of soup …1876 Eng. dial.
WARAP a cheap, tasteless meal, esp. a soup …20C W. Indies


SOUR, SOURED, SOURNESS (taste) – ADJECTIVES
ACERB sour, with an addition of bitterness or astringency, as unripe fruit; fig. sharp and harsh …1657
ACESCENT turning sour; having the tendency to turn acid; hence, slightly sour, ‘turned’ …1731
ACID AUSTERE that tastes both sharp (or sour) and astringent …1668 obs.
ACID-SWEET that tastes both sharp (or sour) and sweet …1678
ACIDULATED rendered somewhat acid or sour; fig. somewhat soured in temper …1732
ACIDULCIS sour and sweet blended …1675
ACIDULENT slightly sour; fig. sour-tempered …1834
ACIDULOUS slightly sour; fig. sour-tempered …1769
AIGRE sour, tart …1790 Eng. dial.
APRILLED made sullen or sour …1746 Eng. dial.
BINGY sour …1863 Eng. dial.
BLINKIT soured, spoiled …Bk1911 Sc.
BLINKY sour …1895 Amer. dial.
BRANK sour …1983 Amer. dial.
CRUDE of fruit: unripe; sour or harsh to the taste …1555
DULCACID sweet and sour in taste …1656 rare
DULCOACID that tastes both sweet and sour…1657 obs.
EAGER sour, acid, tart …c1350 obs.
ELLER sour, bitter …Bk1900 Eng. dial.
HASK bitter, sour, tart, harsh to the taste …1881 Eng. dial.
SOUR AS VERJUICE very sour …1854
SOUR AS WHIZZ very sour …1909 Amer. dial.
TARTY tart, sour …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
VINAIGROUS vinegary, sour …1837 rare
WELSH nauseous; sour; having a sickly taste …1691 Eng. dial.
YAR harsh of taste; sour …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
YARRISH harsh or strong of taste; acid, sour …Bk1905 Eng. dial.
YARRY harsh or strong of taste; acid, sour …1841 Eng. dial.

SOUR etc. (taste) – NOUNS
ACERBITUDE sourness, harshness in taste, bitterness …1731 obs.
ACERBITY sourness of taste, mingled with bitterness or astringency; harshness, roughness of taste;  …1611
ACESCENCE the act of becoming acid or sour …1765
ACESCENCY the state of turning sour; tendency to sourness; incipient or slight acidity …1756
ACID rancour, spite; bitterness, sourness …1768
AIG sourness …Bk1898 Eng. dial. obs.
BUTTERMILK something weak, insipid, or sour …1630
EAGERNESS pungency of taste; acidity, sourness …1490 obs.
NAG a sour taste; an unpleasant flavour; generally said of liquor; a sour, mouldy, or stale taste …1908 Sc.
TACK anything mouldy or sour, esp. a taste in food or drink that is other than one expects …M19 sl.

SOUR etc. (taste) – VERBS
ACERBATE to sour or embitter; fig. to exasperate …1731
ACIDULATE to make somewhat acid or sour; fig. of the temper …1732
BING of milk or cream: to curdle, to turn sour …1860 Eng. dial.
BLEEZE to turn slightly sour …Bk1911 Sc.
BLINK to turn anything sour …Bk1911 Sc.
BRANK to turn sour …1966 Amer. dial.
NAG to become sour or mouldy in taste …1928 Sc.
QUAIL of milk, beer, etc.: to turn sour or flat …1819 Eng. dial.
RANCIFY to make rancid, to sour …1826 Sc.
TART to become tart or sour …1629 rare
VERJUICE to embitter, to make sour …1836


SOUR, SOUR-FACED, SOUR-LOOKING, SOUR-TEMPERED (mood) – ADJECTIVES
ACERB sour, with an addition of bitterness or astringency, as unripe fruit; fig. sharp and harsh …1657
ACERBIC of a sour, harsh, or severe character; bitter and sharp, esp. in speech, manner, or temper …1865 rare
ACIDULATED rendered somewhat acid or sour; fig. somewhat soured in temper …1732
ACIDULENT slightly sour; fig. sour-tempered …1834
ACIDULOUS slightly sour; fig. sour-tempered …1769
AZZLED crabbed; sour; churlish …Bk1890 Eng. dial.
GURLIE;  GURLY surly, cross, crabbed, growly, ill-humoured, bad-tempered, sour-tempered …1721 Sc.
HAZLED crabby, surly, sour …Bk2002 Eng. dial.
RIGGISH sour …1863 Eng. dial.
SCAR scared, timid, shy; wild; sour-looking …1700 Sc. & Eng. dial.
TARTUFFISH sour, sullen, sulky, stubborn, obstinate …B1900 Sc. obs.
TETRICOUS sour in countenance; austere, severe, harsh, crabbed, perverse, morose …1727 obs.
VINAIGROUS vinegary, sour; sour-tempered, ill-tempered, unamiable, morose, crabbed, peevish …1837 rare
ZOWER-ZAPPED adj. ill-natured, crabbed, sour in temper: usually applied to women …B1900 Eng. dial.

SOUR etc. (mood) –  NOUNS, PERSON
ADAM SOURGUY a sour-tempered pessimist …1910 US theatrical sl.
GANSEL a sour, ill-natured person …1813 Sc. obs.
GLUMPH a sulky, sour or morose person …1815 Sc.
GLUNDER an ignorant, sour-tempered fellow …B1900 Sc.
GLUNNER an ignorant, morose, sour-tempered fellow …1824 Sc. obs.
GLUNSCHOCK one who has a frowning or morose countenance; a sour-tempered fellow …Bk1888 Sc.
GLUNTER an ignorant, morose, sour-tempered fellow …1824 Sc. obs.
LEMON a person or sour disposition …M19 sl.
LEMON-SUCKER a prissy or effeminate man or boy; also, a sour-faced individual …1922 Amer. sl.
MAHUGGER a sour, irascible old man …1950 Sc.
SCAPES-O’-DEATH a term of derision for a sour, disagreeable person …Bk1904 Eng. dial.
TAISTREL;  TAISTRIL;  TAISTRILL a passionate, violent, or sour-tempered person; a churl  …Bk1893 Eng. dial.

SOUR etc. (mood) –  VERBS
HAVE A FACE LIKE A SCRUBBED HAMMOCK to have a pale sour-looking face …c1920 Royal Navy usage


SOURCE – NOUNS
– an endless source of something, usually something troublesome BOTTOMLESS PIT Bk2006 US sl.
– an original source, a beginning, origin END Bk1900 Eng. dial.
– source, fountainhead, origin HEAD-FOUNTAIN 1688 obs.
– the chief source of anything; the quarter whence anything originates HEADSPRING c1450
– the source or origin; that in which anything originates RADIX 1607


SOUTH – ADVERBS
– southwards UPBANK Bk1905 Eng. dial. 
– to the southward of BESOUTH Bk1911 Sc.

SOUTH – NOUNS
– the south; so called because a south wind generally accompanies a thaw THOW-HOLE 1824 Sc.

SOUTH – PREPOSITIONS
– on the south side of; to the south of BESOUTH c1410 obs. exc. Sc.


SOUTH AFRICA – ADJECTIVES
 AFRIKANDER relating to Afrikaans-speaking people …1822 rare
 AFRIKANER relating to Afrikaans-speaking people …1930
– CAPIAN belonging to the Cape of Good Hope …1731 obs. rare
 
SOUTH AFRICA – NOUNS
– AFRICANDERISMS Dutch words and idioms in use in South African English …Bk1913 S. Afr. 
 AFRIKANERDOM the Afrikaner people or nation; Afrikaner culture or ideals …1900
– AFRIKANERISM the policy, ideals, or aspirations of Afrikaners …1897
 AFRIKANERIZATION a bringing under the influence or rule of Afrikaners …1938
– CHICKEN RUN the flight of White people from South Africa, fearing for their future in a non-apartheid country …1970s S. Afr, sl.
– DARK CITY the township of Alexandra, near Johannesburg …1950s S. Afr. sl.
– FRIENDLY CITY Port Elizabeth, South Africa …1951 S. Afr.
– KAFFIRLAND the Cape provinces; latterly, South Africa …M19 sl.
– SNOCK-TOWN Cape Town …L19 S. Afr.
– YARPIELAND South Africa …1980s Aust. sl.
 
SOUTH AFRICA – NOUNS, PERSON
– AFRICANDER a White native of South Africa, esp. one of Dutch descent …1822
 AFRIKANDER a Dutch-speaking or Afrikaans-speaking White inhabitant of South Africa …1822 rare
 AFRIKANDER a person born in South Africa of European descent; a White inhabitant of South Africa …1834 obs.
 AFRIKANER a Dutch-speaking or Afrikaans-speaking White inhabitant of South Africa, usually of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent …1820
– BAAS in Sth. Africa: a master, an employer of labour; often used as a form of address …1785
– BACKVELDER a dweller in the backveld  (in S. Afr., the primitive or unprogressive rural districts lying away from the towns) …1911
– BANANA BOY a resident or native of Natal …1954 S, Afr. sl.
– BANANA GIRL a resident or native of Natal …1954 S, Afr. sl.
– BANANALANDER an inhabitant of Natal …1968 S. Afr. sl.
– BASTAARD;  BASTARD a person of mixed race in South Africa …1790 S. Afr.
– BASTER in Sth. Africa & Namibia (formerly South West Africa): a person of mixed descent …1790
– BERGIE a vagrant living on the slopes of Table Mountain, Cape Town …1952 S. Afr.
– BLACK DIAMOND an affluent, salaried Black person …2007-8 S. Afr. sl.
– BLACK JACK during apartheid: a member of a police force composed of Black officers and operating in the townships …1966 S. Afr. sl., derogatory
– DUCK TAIL an unruly South African youth …1959 S. African sl.
– GAMMAT a Cape Malay, a Coloured person …1950s S. Afr. sl.
– GATTES an Afrikaaner …2006 S. Afr. Jewish usage, derogatory
– IKEY a student of the University of Cape Town, esp. a member of one of the University’s sports teams …1921 S. Afr. sl.
– JAAPIE a term of contempt for an Afrikaner …1949 S. Afr. sl.
– KAFFIR a member of a South African race of Blacks belonging to the great Bantu family, and living on the northeast of Cape Colony, in Caffraria or Caffre-land …1801
– MODEL D a Black student who attends, or attended, a government school in a township …2005 S. Afr. sl.
– MOOROOTZE in Southern Africa (esp. among Southern Sotho, Northern Sotho, and Tswana speakers): a teacher, missionary, or minister of religion …1866 S. Afr.
– MORTIE a student at the University of Stellenbosch …1972 S. Afr. sl.
– MORUTI in Southern Africa (esp. among Southern Sotho, Northern Sotho, and Tswana speakers): a teacher, missionary, or minister of religion …1866 S. Afr.
– MOSOTHO a member of the Southern Sotho people of southern Africa; an inhabitant of Lesotho (formerly Basutoland) …a1838
– MOTH a member of M.O.T.H. (Memorable Order of Tin Hats), a South African ex-servicemen’s organization founded in Durban, Natal, in 1927 by Charles Evenden …1979
– UNCLE NED a Black South African …1900s Aust. sl.
– UPPIE a student of the University of Port Elizabeth …1972 S. Afr. sl.
– VELDMAN one skilled in living or hunting on the veldt (in South Africa, the unenclosed country or open pasture-land) …1899
– VELDTSMAN one skilled in living or hunting on the veldt (in South Africa, the unenclosed country or open pasture-land) …1899
– YARPIE a South African; may be jocular, contemptuous, or affectionate …1949 S. Afr. sl.
– ZAMA ZAMA a person who works illegally in abandoned mine-shafts in order to retrieve metals, minerals, etc. …2006 S. Afr. colloq.
– ZARP a member of the Boer police force in the pre-1902 South African Republic …1895
 
SOUTH AFRICA – VERBS
 AFRIKANERIZE to bring under the influence or rule of Afrikaners …1945


SOUTH AMERICA – NOUNS, PERSON
– a South American or African Black person COCONUT-DODGER 1920s African-American sl.


SOUTH CAROLINA – NOUNS, PERSON
– a member of a group of racially mixed people in eastern South Carolina MARLBORO BLUE 1945 Amer. dial.
– a member of a racially mixed group of people living in Orangeburg County, South Carolina RED LEG 1945 Amer. dial.
– a native of South Carolina SANDLAPPER 1904 Amer. dial.
– a native of South Carolina or North Carolina whose ancestry consists of Black, Indian, and White CROATAN 1880s African-American
– a person of mixed Indian, White, and Black ancestry in southeastern North Carolina, and eastern South Carolina DIMERY 1950 Amer. dial.
– orig. a cadet of the South Carolina Military Academy; later, any soldier, esp. one on parade marching to music BOOMALALLY 1952 Amer. dial.


SOUTHERLY – ADJECTIVES
– having a southerly or sunny aspect SUMMER c1440 obs.


SOUTH PACIFIC, SOUTH SEAS – NOUNS, PERSON
– a native of any South Pacific island; a Japanese GINEE;  GINNEE;  GINNEY World War II Amer. sl., orig. Army usage. derogatory
– a native of the South Sea Islands, esp. one employed in Queensland as a labourer on the sugar plantations CANAKER;  KANACKA;  KANAKA;  KANAKER 1840
– a South Sea islander COCONUT 1980s Aust. & NZ sl.
– a South Sea Islander, a Polynesian MONKEY-CHASER 1942 Amer. sl.


SOVEREIGN (ruler) – ADJECTIVES
– sovereign, kingly, royal BASILIC 1728 obs. rare
– sovereign, resembling a master; despotic, autocratic; authoritative, magisterial; exhibiting masterly ability or skill MASTERLIKE 1580 obs.

SOVEREIGN (ruler) – NOUNS, PERSON
– a sovereign ruler, monarch SUFFREYN a1500 obs.


SOVEREIGN (money) – NOUNS
AMESJAY a sovereign …1930s back slang for ‘James’
CANARY formerly, a guinea; later, a sovereign ….1842 sl.
CANARY-BIRD formerly, a guinea; later, a sovereign ….1785 sl.
DANDY an imitation gold coin; a fake sovereign …1883 UK criminals’ sl.
GOBLIN a sovereign, twenty shillings …L19 sl. obs. exc. hist.
HALF-A-BEAN a half-sovereign …L18 sl.
ILLEGITIMATE a counterfeit sovereign …1823 UK criminals’ sl. obs.
JAMES a sovereign or 20 shillings …1858 thieves’ sl.
JANE a sovereign …1864 thieves’ sl.
JEMMY O’GOBLIN a sovereign …Bk1896 theatrical sl.
JIMMY (O’GOBLIN) a sovereign, twenty shillings …1899 rhyming sl.
LITTLE SMACK a half-sovereign …1900s sl.
MADZA POONA a half-sovereign …M19 sl.
MARIGOLD a gold coin; a sovereign …1663 sl. obs.
MONAKER a sovereign (coin) …M19 sl.
NETGEN half a sovereign …Bk1902 back-slang
NOB a sovereign …M19 sl.
O’GOBLIN a sovereign, twenty shillings …L19 sl. obs. exc. hist.
QUID a sovereign; a guinea; a pound …1688 sl.
RED ‘UN a pound; a sovereign …1890 Brit. sl.
SKIV a sovereign …1858 sl.
STRIKE a sovereign …Bk1904 sl.
THICK ‘UN a sovereign …Bk1891 sl.
WUFFLER a guinea-piece; a sovereign …L19 UK sl.
YELLOW-BOY a gold coin; a guinea or sovereign …1662 sl.


SOVIET UNION – NOUNS
– the study and analysis of the Soviet Government, and subsequently the Russian government, and their policies KREMLINOLOGY 1958

SOVIET UNION – NOUNS, PERSON
– as person who studies or analyzes the Soviet Union and its policies KREMLINOLOGIST 1960


SOW, SOWING, SOWN – ADJECTIVES
– belonging to one who sows, sets, or plants SATORIOUS 1656 obs.
– sown or planted; cultivated, not wild SATIVE 1599 obs.
– sown or planted; cultivated, not wild SATIVOUS 1786 obs.

SOW etc. – NOUNS
– a sowing of seed, a planting SATION c1440 obs.
– sowing SATURE 1657 obs.